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Patterns of male-specific inter-population divergence in Europe, West Asia and North Africa

  • P. MALASPINA (a1), F. CRUCIANI (a2), P. SANTOLAMAZZA (a2), A. TORRONI (a2) (a3), A. PANGRAZIO (a2), N. AKAR (a4), V. BAKALLI (a5), R. BRDICKA (a6), J. JARUZELSKA (a7), A. KOZLOV (a8), B. MALYARCHUK (a9), S. Q. MEHDI (a10), E. MICHALODIMITRAKIS (a11), L. VARESI (a12), M. M. MEMMI (a12), G. VONA (a13), R. VILLEMS (a14), J. PARIK (a14), V. ROMANO (a15), M. STEFAN (a16), M. STENICO (a17), L. TERRENATO (a1), A. NOVELLETTO (a1) (a18) and R. SCOZZARI (a2)...

Abstract

We typed 1801 males from 55 locations for the Y-specific binary markers YAP, DYZ3, SRY10831 and the (CA)n microsatellites YCAII and DYS413. Phylogenetic relationships of chromosomes with the same binary haplotype were condensed in seven large one-step networks, which accounted for 95% of all chromosomes. Their coalescence ages were estimated based on microsatellite diversity. The three largest and oldest networks undergo sharp frequency changes in three areas. The more recent network 3.1A clearly discriminates between Western and Eastern European populations. Pairwise Fst showed an overall increment with increasing geographic distance but with a slope greatly reduced when compared to previous reports. By sectioning the entire data set according to geographic and linguistic criteria, we found higher Fst-on-distance slopes within Europe than in West Asia or across the two continents.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence: Dr Patrizia Malaspina, Department of Biology, University of Rome ‘Tor Vergata’, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 00133 Rome, Italy. Tel: +39-06-72594321; Fax: +39-06-2023500. E-mail: patrizia.malaspina@uniroma2.it

Patterns of male-specific inter-population divergence in Europe, West Asia and North Africa

  • P. MALASPINA (a1), F. CRUCIANI (a2), P. SANTOLAMAZZA (a2), A. TORRONI (a2) (a3), A. PANGRAZIO (a2), N. AKAR (a4), V. BAKALLI (a5), R. BRDICKA (a6), J. JARUZELSKA (a7), A. KOZLOV (a8), B. MALYARCHUK (a9), S. Q. MEHDI (a10), E. MICHALODIMITRAKIS (a11), L. VARESI (a12), M. M. MEMMI (a12), G. VONA (a13), R. VILLEMS (a14), J. PARIK (a14), V. ROMANO (a15), M. STEFAN (a16), M. STENICO (a17), L. TERRENATO (a1), A. NOVELLETTO (a1) (a18) and R. SCOZZARI (a2)...

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