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Water vapor in the pore space of snow

  • Sergey A. Sokratov (a1), Atsushi Sato (a2) and Yasushi Kamata (a2)

Abstract

Water vapor in snow is responsible for two main processes connected to almost all studies where snow cover is involved: the snow-density change with time and snow recrystallization. Both processes are the result of a balance between evaporation and condensation on individual snow-crystal surfaces. However, such micro-scale mass balance has rarely been considered as a component of “macro-” heat and mass transfer in snow cover. The present work is an attempt to find a way of combining these two mass-exchange processes, as occurs in Nature. Density change and snow recrystallization rates are analyzed based on recently published temperature field observations around individual snow crystals, combined with experimental data on temperature distributions and recrystallization rates in snow under applied temperature gradients.

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References

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