and 6 others. 1995. Classification of multispectral images based on fractions of endmembers: application to land-cover change in the Brazilian Amazon. Remote Sens. Environ., 52(2), 137–154.
Babin, M., Morel, A., Fournier-Sicre, V., Fell, F. and Stramski, D.. 2003. Light scattering properties of marine particles in coastal and open ocean waters as related to the particle mass concentration. Limnol. Oceanogr., 48(2), 843–859.
Bartholomew, I., Nienow, P., Mair, D., Hubbard, A., King, M.A. and Sole, A.. 2010. Seasonal evolution of subglacial drainage and acceleration in a Greenland outlet glacier. Nature Geosci., 3(6), 408–411.
Bøggild, C.E., Brandt, R.E., Brown, K.J. and Warren, S.G.. 2010. The ablation zone in northeast Greenland: ice types, albedos and impurities. J. Glaciol., 56(195), 101–113.
Boon, S. and Sharp, M.. 2003. The role of hydrologically-driven ice fracture in drainage system evolution on an Arctic glacier. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(18), 1916. (10.1029/2003GL018034.)
Boss, E., Twardowski, M.S. and Herring, S.. 2001. Shape of the particulate beam attenuation spectrum and its inversion to obtain the shape of the particulate size distribution. Appl. Opt., 40(27), 4885–4893.
and 6 others. 2008. Fracture propagation to the base of the Greenland Ice Sheet during supraglacial lake drainage. Science, 320(5877), 778–781.
1983. Optical properties and reflectance spectra of 3 shallow lakes obtained from a spectrophotometric study. NZ J. Marine Freshw. Res., 17(4), 445–459.
De Caritat, P.
and 8 others. 2011. Chemical composition of arctic snow: concentration levels and regional distribution of major elements. Sci. Total Environ., 336(1–3), 183–199.
1958. Cryoconite phenomena on the Greenland ice cap in the Thule area. Can. Geogr., 3(12), 35–44.
Gerdel, R.W. and Drouet, F.. 1960. The cryoconite of the Thule area, Greenland. Trans. Am. Microsc. Soc., 79, 256–272.
1999. Contribution of Raman scattering to water-leaving radiance: a reexamination. Appl. Opt., 38(15), 3166–3174.
1999. Landsat-7 science data user’s handbook. Greenbelt, MD, NASAGoddard Space Flight Center. Landsat Project Science Office.
Joughin, I., Das, S.B., King, M.A., Smith, B.E., Howat, I.M. and Moon, T.. 2008. Seasonal speedup along the western flank of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science, 320(5877), 781–783.
Legrand, M. and Mayewski, P.. 1997. Glaciochemistry of polar ice cores: a review. Rev. Geophys., 35(3), 219–243.
and 9 others.
2007. Observations: changes in snow, ice, and frozen ground. In
and 7 others, eds. Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, 337–383.
and 12 others.
2007. Global climate projections. In
and 7 others, eds. Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, 747–845.
1994. Light and water: radiative transfer in natural waters. San Diego, etc., Academic Press.
Mobley, C.D. and Sundman, L.K.. 2003. Effects of optically shallow bottoms on upwelling radiances: inhomogeneous and sloping bottoms. Limnol. Oceanogr., 48(1/2), 329–336.
and 6 others. 2007. Optical properties of the ‘clearest’ natural waters. Limnol. Oceanogr., 52(1), 217–229.
Pak, H., Peterson, R.E. and Zaneveld, J.R.V.. 1977. Light scattering and suspended particulate matter in the Arctic Ocean north of Ellesmere Island. J. Oceanogr., 33(3), 131–136.
Parizek, B.R. and Alley, R.B.. 2004. Implications of increased Greenland surface melt under global-warming scenarios: ice-sheet simulations. Quat. Sci. Rev., 23(9–10), 1013–1027.
2002. Inherent optical properties of the central Arctic surface waters. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C10), 1–7.
Pegau, W.S. and Zaneveld, J.R.V.. 1993. Temperature-dependent absorption of water in the red and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. Limnol. Oceanogr., 38(1), 188–192.
Pegau, W.S., Gray, D. and Zaneveld, J.R.V.. 1997. Absorption and attenuation of visible and near-infrared light in water: dependence on temperature and salinity. Appl. Opt., 36(24), 6035–6046.
1989. Bathymetric mapping with passive multispectral imagery. Appl. Opt., 28(8), 1569–1578.
1998. An introduction to the chemistry of the sea. Upper Saddle River, NJ, Prentice Hall.
Pope, R.M. and Fry, E.S.. 1997. Absorption spectrum (380–700 nm) of pure water. II. Integrating cavity measurements. Appl. Opt., 36(33), 8710–8723.
Shepherd, A., Hubbard, A., Nienow, P., McMillan, M. and Joughin, I.. 2009. Greenland ice sheet motion coupled with daily melting in late summer. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36(1), L01501. (10.1029/ 2008GL035758.)
1973. Optical properties of the Arctic upper water. Arctic, 26(4), 303–313.
Smith, R.C. and Baker, K.S.. 1981. Optical properties of the clearest natural waters (200–800 nm). Appl. Opt., 20(2), 177–184.
Sneed, W.A. and Hamilton, G.S.. 2007. Evolution of melt pond volume on the surface of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34(3), L03501. (10.1029/2006GL028697.)
Stramski, D., Boss, E., Bogucki, D. and Voss, K.J.. 2004. The role of seawater constituents in light backscattering in the ocean. Progr. Oceanogr., 61(1), 27–56.
and 6 others. 2006. Hyperspectral temperature and salt dependencies of absorption by water and heavy water in the 400–750nm spectral range. Appl. Opt., 45(21), 5294–5309.
2002a. Optical characteristics of cryoconite (surface dust) on glaciers: the relationship between light absorbency and the property of organic matter contained in the cryoconite. Ann. Glaciol., 34, 409–414.
2002b. Surface albedo and characteristics of cryoconite (biogenic surface dust) on an Alaska glacier, Gulkana Glacier in the Alaska Range. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 19, 63–70.
Takeuchi, N. and Li, Z.. 2008. Characteristics of surface dust on rümqi Glacier No. 1 in the Tien Shan Mountains, China. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 40(4), 744–750.
Takeuchi, N., Kohshima, S., Shiraiwa, T. and Kubota, K.. 2001. Characteristics of cryoconite (surface dust on glaciers) and surface albedo of a Patagonian glacier, Tyndall Glacier, Southern Patagonia Icefield. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 18, 65–69.
Takeuchi, N., Kohshima, S. and Segawa, T.. 2003. Effect of cryoconite and snow algal communities on surface albedo on maritime glaciers in south Alaska. Bull. Glaciol. Res., 20, 21–27.
Tompkins, S., Mustard, J.F., Pieters, C.M. and Forsyth, D.W.. 1997. Optimization of endmembers for spectral mixture analysis. Remote Sens. Environ., 59(3), 472–489.
Trabjerg, I. and Høyerslev, N.K.. 1996. Temperature influence on light absorption by fresh water and seawater in the visible and near-infrared spectrum. Appl. Opt., 35(15), 2653–2658.
Van de Wal, R.S.W.
and 6 others. 2008. Large and rapid melt-induced velocity changes in the ablation zone of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Science, 321(5885), 111–113.
Van der Veen, C.J.
2007. Fracture propagation as means of rapidly transferring surface meltwater to the base of glaciers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34(1), L01501. (10.1029/ 2006GL028385.)
Vermote, E., Tanré, D., Deuzé, J.L., Herman, M., Morcrette, J.J. and Kotchenova, S.Y.. 2005. Second simulation of a satellite signal in the solar spectrum – vector (6SV). Greenbelt, MD, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Zaneveld, J.R.V. and Boss, E.. 2003. The influence of bottom morphology on reflectance: theory and two-dimensional geometry model. Limnol. Oceanogr., 48(1/2), 374–379.
Zaneveld, J.R.V., Boss, E. and Hwang, P.. 2001. The influence of coherent waves on the remotely sensed reflectance. Optics Express, 9(6), 260–266.
Zhang, X., Hu, L. and He, M.X.. 2009. Scattering by pure seawater: effect of salinity. Optics Express, 17(7), 5698–5710.
Zwally, H.J., Abdalati, W., Herring, T., Larson, K., Saba, J. and Steffen, K.. 2002. Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow. Science, 297(5579), 218–222.