Blindow, N, Salat, C and Casassa, G (2012). Airborne GPR sounding of deep temperate glaciers – examples from the Northern Patagonian Icefield. 14th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR).10.1109/ICGPR.2012.6254945
Bole, A, Wall, A and Norris, A (2014) Chapter 3 – target detection. In Bole, A, Wall, A and Norris, A (eds), Radar and ARPA Manual, 3rd Edn. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, pp. 139–213.10.1016/B978-0-08-097752-2.00003-9
Brun, F, Berthier, E, Wagnon, P, Kääb, A and Treichler, D (2017) A spatially resolved estimate of High Mountain Asia glacier mass balances from 2000 to 2016. Nature Geoscience 10, 668–673. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2999.
Conway, H and 5 others (2009) A low-frequency ice-penetrating radar system adapted for use from an airplane: test results from Bering and Malaspina Glaciers, Alaska, USA. Annals of Glaciology 50(51), 93–97.10.3189/172756409789097487
Davis, JL and Annan, AP (1989) Ground-penetrating radar for high resolution mapping of soil and rock stratigraphy. Geophysical Prospecting 37, 531–551. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.1989.tb02221.x.
Evans, S (1963) Radio techniques for the measurement of ice thickness. Polar Record 11(73), 406–410.10.1017/S0032247400053523
Farinotti, D and 36 others (2017) How accurate are estimates of glacier ice thickness? Results from ITMIX, the ice thickness models intercomparison eXperiment. The Cryosphere 11(2), 949–970.10.5194/tc-11-949-2017
Farinotti, D and 6 others (2019) A consensus estimate for the ice thickness distribution of all glaciers on Earth. Nature Geoscience 12, 168–173. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-019-0300-3.
Foster, LA, Brock, BW, Cutler, MEJ and Diotri, F (2012) A physically based method for estimating supraglacial debris thickness from thermal band remote-sensing data. Journal of Glaciology 58(210), 677–691.10.3189/2012JoG11J194
Frolov, AD and Macheret, YY (1999) On dielectric properties of dry and wet snow. Hydrological Processes 13(12–13), 1755–1760.10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(199909)13:12/13<1755::AID-HYP854>3.0.CO;2-T
Gades, AM, Conway, H, Nereson, N, Nozumo, N and Kadota, T (2000). Radio echo-sounding through supraglacial debris on Lirung and Khumbu Glaciers, Nepal Himalayas. Debris-Covered Glaciers, Washington, USA, International Association of Hydrological Sciences 264, pp. 13–22.
GlaThiDa Consortium (2019) Glacier Thickness Database 3.0.1. World Glacier Monitoring Service. Zurich, Switzerland.
Graham, W and McRobie, A (2017) Dipole radar report. Unpublished, see supplementary material.
Grima, C, Blankenship, DD, Young, DA and Schroeder, DM (2014) Surface slope control on firn density at Thwaites Glacier, West Antarctica: results from airborne radar sounding. Geophysical Research Letters 41(19), 6787–6794.10.1002/2014GL061635
Gulley, J and Benn, D (2007) Structural control of englacial drainage systems in Himalayan debris-covered glaciers. Journal of Glaciology 53(182), 399–412. doi: 10.3189/002214307783258378.
Hindmarsh, RCA and 5 others (2011) Flow at ice-divide triple junctions: 2. Three-dimensional views of isochrone architecture from ice-penetrating radar surveys. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 116(F2), F02024, 14, pp.10.1029/2009JF001622
IPCC (2019) IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate. H.-O. Pörtner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte et al.
Kennett, M, Laumann, T and Lund, C (1993) Helicopter-borne radio-echo sounding of Svartisen, Norway. Annals of Glaciology 17, 4.10.3189/S0260305500012568
King, EC (2011) Ice stream or not? Radio-echo sounding of Carlson Inlet, West Antarctica. The Cryosphere 5(4), 907–916.
King, EC (2020) The precision of radar-derived subglacial bed topography, a case study from Pine Island Glacier, Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology, 61(81), 154–161. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/aog.2020.33.
King, E, Hindmarsh, R, Corr, H and Bingham, RG (2008) DELORES mark I: construction and operation of the British Antarctic Survey DEep Look Radio Echo Sounder. International Symposium on Radioglaciology, Madrid, Spain, International Glaciological Society.
King, O, Quincey, DJ, Carrivick, JL and Rowan, AV (2017) Spatial variability in mass loss of glaciers in the Everest region, central Himalayas, between 2000 and 2015. The Cryosphere 11(1), 407–426.10.5194/tc-11-407-2017
Lambrecht, A, Mayer, C, Aizen, V, Floricioiu, D and Surazakov, A (2014) The evolution of Fedchenko glacier in the Pamir, Tajikistan, during the past eight decades. Journal of Glaciology 60(220), 233–244.10.3189/2014JoG13J110
Langhammer, L and 6 others (2019 b) Glacier bed surveying with helicopter-borne dual-polarization ground-penetrating radar. Journal of Glaciology 65(249), 123–135.10.1017/jog.2018.99
Langhammer, L, Grab, M, Bauder, A and Maurer, H (2019 a) Glacier thickness estimations of alpine glaciers using data and modeling constraints. The Cryosphere 13(8), 2189–2202.10.5194/tc-13-2189-2019
Macheret, YY, Moskalevsky, MY and Vasilenko, EV (1993) Velocity of radio waves in glaciers as an indicator of their hydrothermal state, structure and regime. Journal of Glaciology 39(132), 373–384.10.1017/S0022143000016038
McCarthy, M, Pritchard, H, Willis, IAN and King, E (2017) Ground-penetrating radar measurements of debris thickness on Lirung Glacier, Nepal. Journal of Glaciology 63(239), 543–555.10.1017/jog.2017.18
Miles, KE and 6 others (2018) Polythermal structure of a Himalayan debris-covered glacier revealed by borehole thermometry. Scientific Reports 8(1), 16825.10.1038/s41598-018-34327-5
Nicholson, LI, McCarthy, M, Pritchard, HD and Willis, I (2018) Supraglacial debris thickness variability: impact on ablation and relation to terrain properties. The Cryosphere 12(12), 3719–3734.10.5194/tc-12-3719-2018
Nobes, DC, Leary, SF, Hochstein, MP and Henry, SA (1994) Ground-penetrating Radar Profiles of Rubble-covered Temperate Glaciers: Results From the Tasman And Mueller Glaciers of the Southern Alps of New Zealand. 1994 SEG Annual Meeting. Los Angeles, California, Society of Exploration Geophysicists: 4.
Page, DF and Ramseier, RO (1975) Application of radar techniques to ice and snow studies. Journal of Glaciology 15(73), 21.
Pritchard, HD (2019) Asia's shrinking glaciers protect large populations from drought stress. Nature 569(7758), 649–654.10.1038/s41586-019-1240-1
Randolph Glacier Consortium (2017) Randolph Glacier Inventory – A Dataset of Global Glacier Outlines: Version 6.0: Technical Report. Colorado, USA, Global Land Ice Measurements from Space.
Reynolds, JM (1997) An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Rignot, E, Mouginot, J, Larsen, CF, Gim, Y and Kirchner, D (2013) Low-frequency radar sounding of temperate ice masses in Southern Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters 40(20), 5399–5405.10.1002/2013GL057452
Rutishauser, A, Maurer, H and Bauder, A (2016) Helicopter-borne ground-penetrating radar investigations on temperate alpine glaciers: a comparison of different systems and their abilities for bedrock mapping. Geophysics 81, WA119–WA129.10.1190/geo2015-0144.1
Schroeder, D and 9 others (2020) Five decades of radioglaciology. Annals of Glaciology 61(81), 1–13. doi: 10.1017/aog.2020.11.
Swithinbank, C (1969) Airborne radio Echo sounding by the British Antarctic Survey. The Geographical Journal 135(4), 551–553.10.2307/1795100
Wightman, WE, Jalinoos, F, Sirles, P and Hanna, K (2003) Application of Geophysical Methods to Highway Related Problems. Lakewood, CO: Federal Highway Administration, Central Federal Lands Highway Division.
Zamora, R and 8 others (2009) Airborne radar sounder for temperate ice: initial results from Patagonia. Journal of Glaciology 55(191), 507–512.10.3189/002214309788816641