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Surface strain anomaly induced by the storage and drainage of englacial water in Koryto glacier, Kamchatka, Russia

  • Shin Sugiyama (a1), Renji Naruse (a2) and Yaroslav D. Murav’yev (a3)

Abstract

To investigate short-term flow-pattern variations of a temperate glacier, longitudinal surface strain was measured with a wire strainmeter in the ablation area of Koryto glacier, Kamchatka, Russia. Strain-rate anomalies were observed in late summer 2000 that were triggered by a water overflow from a moulin near the measurement site followed by the drainage of accumulated water. The strain event started with (compressive) strain rates of >–10–3 d–1 lasting for 6 hours, which then became tensile. Similar strain-rate variations were observed again on the next day. During the event, basal sliding speed measured at the margin in the lower reach of the glacier fluctuated by about ±50% of the daily mean. Smaller and larger sliding speeds corresponded to the compressive and tensile surface strains, respectively. These measurements suggest that the storage and sudden drainage of water caused spatially non-uniform water-pressure fluctuations along the glacier, changing the sliding regime over short time periods.

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