Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Past 43 year oxalate record: Ürümqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China, and its link with Far East Rongbuk Glacier, Qomolangma (Mount Everest)

  • Lee Xinqing (a1) (a2), Qin Dahe (a2), Ren Jiawen (a2), Duan Keqin (a2), Kang Shichang (a2) and Zhou Hui (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

A 43 year oxalate record has been recovered in a 14.08m ice core from Ürümqi glacier No. 1 (43˚06’N, 86˚49’ E), a mid-latitude glacier at Ürümqi river head, Tien Shan, western China. Averaging 3.6±9.2 ng g–1 the oxalate has a background level <2 ng g–1 with sporadic concentration enhancements. Most of the spikes reach beyond 10 ng g–1 and have durations 51 year. the oxalate variation correlates with that in Far East Rongbuk Glacier (27˚59’N, 86˚55’ E), Qomolangma (Mount Everest), which is located 1600 kmawayacross the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau and Taklimakandesert. Although the concentration enhancement in the latter is much higher, and lasts longer, oxalate reaches its highest concentration in both cores at the same time, during winter. the correlation of oxalate records suggests that the two areas may have had the same kind of local sources, but with a much larger (COO)2 2– flux in the Qomolangma area, or that they may have had a common source in the Indian subcontinent through the longitudinal atmospheric circulation. the concentration variation in the past 40 years coincides with industrial/economic development in southern Asia, and is mainly due to anthropogenic pollution.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Past 43 year oxalate record: Ürümqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China, and its link with Far East Rongbuk Glacier, Qomolangma (Mount Everest)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Past 43 year oxalate record: Ürümqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China, and its link with Far East Rongbuk Glacier, Qomolangma (Mount Everest)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Past 43 year oxalate record: Ürümqi glacier No. 1, Tien Shan, China, and its link with Far East Rongbuk Glacier, Qomolangma (Mount Everest)
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Andreae, M.O. and 13 others. 1988. Biomass-burning emission and associated haze layers overAmazonia. J. Geophys. Res., 93(D2),15091527.
Baboukas, E.D., Kanakidou, M. and Mihalopoulos, N.. 2000. Carboxylic acids in gas and particulate phase above the Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 105(D11),14,459–14,471.
Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1979–98. [Annual reports of Tien Shan glaciological station.] Vol. 1–10. Lanzhou, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology. [In Chinese.]
Cronn, D.R., Charlson, R.J., Knight, R.L., Crittenden, R. L. and Appel, B.R.. 1977. A survey of the molecular nature of primary and secondary components of particles in urban air by high-resolution mass spectroscopy. Atmos. Environ., 11, 929937.
Dai, Jiaxi. 1990. [Climate of Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau.] In Jiaxi, Dai, ed. [Climate on the Tibetan Plateau]. Beijing, Meteorological Press, 51196. [In Chinese.]
Grosjean, D. 1989. Organic acids in southern California air: ambient concentrations, mobile source emissions, in situ formation and removal processes. Environ. Sci. Technol., 23,15061514.
Grosjean, D. and Friedlander., S.K. 1980. Formation of organic aerosols from cyclic olefins and diolefins. Adv. Environ. Sci. Tech., 9, 435473.
Grosjean, D., van Cauwenberghe, K., Scvhmid, J.P., Kelley, P. E. and Pitts, J.N. Jr., 1978. Identification of C3-C10 aliphatic dicarboxylic acids in airborne particulate matter. Environ. Sci. Technol., 12, 313317.
Hatakeyama, S., Tanonaka, T., Weng, J., Bandow, H., Takagi, H. and Akimoto, H.. 1985. Ozone–cyclohexenere action in air: quantitative analysis of particulate products and the reaction mechanism. Environ. Sci. Technol., 19, 935942.
Hatakeyama, S., Ohno, M., Weng, J., Takagi, H. and Akimoto, H.. 1987. Mechanism for the formation of gaseous and particulate products from ozone–cycloalkenere actions in air. Environ. Sci. Technol., 21, 5257.
Shugui, Hou, Dahe, Qin, Wake, C. P., Mayewski, P.A., Ren Jiawen and Yang Qinzhao. 2000. Climatological significance of an ice core net-accumulation record at Mt. Qomolangma(Everest). [Chin. Sci. Bull.], 45(3), 259264.
Shichang, Kang. 1999. [A study of the present processes in the snow/ice and the climatic and environmental records in the northern slope of the middle Himalayas.] (Ph.D. thesis, Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology.) [In Chinese, with English abstract.]
Shichang, Kang, Dahe, Qin, Mayewski, P.A. and Wake, C. P..2001. Correspondence. Recent 180 years oxalate (C2O4 2–) records recovered from the Mount Everest ice core: some environmental implications. J. Glaciol., 47(156),155156.
Kawamura, K. and Gagosian., R.B. 1987. Implication of ω-oxocarboxylic acids in the remote marine atmosphere for photo-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids. Nature, 325, 330332.
Kawamura, K. and Ikushima, K.. 1993. Seasonal changes in the distribution of dicarboxylic acids in the urban atmosphere. Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 22272235.
Kawamura, K. and Kaplan, I. R.. 1987. Motor exhaustionemissions as primary source for dicarboxylic acids in Los Angeles ambient air. Environ. Sci. Technol., 21,105110.
Kawamura, K. and Usukura, K.. 1993. Distribution of low weight dicarboxylic acids in the North Pacific aerosol samples. Journal of Oceanography, 49, 271283.
Kawamura, K. and Yasui, O.. 1991. Organic acids and aldehydes in the ice samples from Site-J, Greenland. Bull. Glacier Res. 9, 5963.
Kawamura, K., Ng, L.-L. and Kaplan., I.R. 1985. Determination of organic acids (C1–C10) in the atmosphere, motor exhausts, and engine oils. Environ. Sci. Technol., 19(11),10821086.
Xinqing, Lee, Dahe, Qin and Hui, Zhou. 2000. [Determination of organic acids in snow and ice from mountain glaciers.] J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 22(3), 270277. [In Chinese with English abstract.]
Xinqing, Lee, Dahe, Qin, Jiawen, Ren and Hui, Zhou. 2001. Organic acids: differences in ice core records between Glacier 1, Tien Shan, China, and the polar areas. [Chin. Sci. Bull.], 46(1), 8082.
Xinqing, Lee, Dahe, Qin, Shugui, Hou, Jiawen, Ren, Keqin, Duan and Hui, Zhou. 2002a. Changes in chemical and isotopic properties near infiltrated cracks in an ice core from Ürümqi glacier No.1, Tien Shan, China. Ann. Glaciol., 35 (see paper in this volume).
Xinqing, Lee, Dahe, Qin, Guibin, Jiang and Hui, Zhou. 2002b. Determination of light carboxylic acids in snow and ice from mountain glaciers. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 34(2),127134.
Lefer, B.L. and 13 others. 1994. Enhancement of acidic gases in biomass-burning impacted air masses over Canada. J. Geophys. Res., 99(D1),17211737.
Legrand, M. and Angelis., M.d. 1995. Origins and variations of light carboxylic acids in polar precipitation. J. Geophys. Res., 100(D1),14451462.
Legrand, M. and Angelis., M.d. 1996. Light carboxylic acids in Greenland ice: a record of past forest fires and vegetationemissions from the boreal zone. J. Geophys. Res., 101(D2), 41294145.
Legrand, M., de Angelis, M., Staffelbach, T., Neftel, A. and Stauffer, B.. 1992. Large perturbations of ammonium and organic acids content in the Summit-Greenland ice core: fingerprint from forest fires? Geophys. Res. Lett., 19(5), 473475.
Legrand, M., de Angelis, M. and Maupetit, F.. 1993. Field investigation of major and minor ions along Summit (central Greenland) ice cores by ion chromatography. J. Chromatogr., 640(1–2), 251258.
Chaohai, Liu and 8 others. 1991. [Handbook of Tien Shan glaciological station.] Lanzhou, Gansu Science and Technology Press. [In Chinese.]
Ludwig, J. and Klemm, O.. 1988. Organic acids in different size classes of atmospheric particulate material. Tellus, 40B, 340347.
Matsumoto, K., Nagao, I., Tanaka, H., Miyaji, H., Iida, T. andIkebe, Y.. 1998. Seasonal characteristics of organic and inorganic species and their size distributions in atmospheric aerosols over the northwest Pacific Ocean. Atmos. Environ., 32(11),19311946.
Norton, R.B., Roberts, J.M. and Huebert, B.J.. 1983. Tropospheric oxalate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 10(7), 517520.
Satsumabayashi, H., Kurita, H., Yokouchi, Y. and Ueda, H.. 1989. Mon- and di-carboxylic acids under long-range transport of air pollution in central Japan. Tellus, 14B, 219229.
Satsumabayashi, H., Kurita, H., Yokouchi, Y. and Ueda, H.. 1990. Photochemical formation of particulate dicarboxylic acids under long-range transport in central Japan. Atmos. Environ., 24(6),14431450.
Schuetzle, D., Cronn, D. and Crittenden, R.L.. 1975. Molecular composition of secondary aerosol and its possible origin. Environ. Sci. Technol., 9, 838845.
Sempere, R. and Kawamura, K.. 1994. Comparative distributuions of dicarboxylic acids and related polar compounds in snow, rain and aerosols from urban atmosphere. Atmos. Environ., 28(3), 449459.
Dehui, Wang and Peiyuan, Zhang. 1985. [On the valley climate of Ürümqi River in theTien Shanmountains.] J. Glaciol. Geocryol.,7(3), 239248.[In Chinese with English summary.]
Daqing, Yang, Tong, Jiang, Yinsheng, Zhang and Ersi, Kang. 1988. [Analysis and correction of errors in precipitation measurement at the head of Ürümqi River, Tien Shan.] J.Glaciol. Geocryol. ,10(4),384399.[In Chinese with English abstract.]
Daqing, Yang, Ersi, Kang and Blumer, F.. 1992. [Characteristics of precipitation in the source area of the Ürümqi River Basin.] J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 14(3), 258266. [In Chinese with English summary.]
Yokouchi, Y. and Ambe, Y.. 1986. Characterization of polar organics in airborne particulate matter. Atmos. Environ., 20,17271734.
Zhang, Jinshi, Ruihua, Peng, Dali, Wang and Shuhai, Zhou. 1984. [Seasonal variation of atmospheric circulation in the Northern Hemisphere in early summer of 1979.] In [Collection of scientific experiment on meteorology of Qinghai– Tibetan Plateau (II)]. Beijing, Science Press, 121131. [In Chinese.]
Yinsheng, Zhang, Kang, Ersi and Chaohai, Liu. 1994. [Climatic features of Tien Shan Ürümqi River Valley.] J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 16(4), 333341. [In Chinese with English summary.]

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed