## References

Anderson, R. S.
1987. Eolian sediment transport as a stochastic process: the effects of a fluctuating wind on particle trajectories. J. Geol., 95, 497–512.

Anderson, R. S. and Haff, P.K.. 1988. Simulation of eolian saltation. Science, 241, 820–823.

Anderson, R. S. and Haff, P.K.. 1991. Wind modification and bed response during saltation of sand in air. Acta Mech., Supplementum 1, Aeolian GrainTransport. 1: Mechanics, 21–51.

Bintanja, R.
2000. Snowdrift suspension and atmospheric turbulence. Part I: Theoretical background and model description. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 95(3), 343–368.

Budd, W. F.
1966. The drifting of non-uniform snow particles. In Rubin, M. J., ed. Studies in Antarctic Meteorology. Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union, 59–70. (Antarctic Research Series 9.)

Butterfield, G. R.
1991. Grain transport rates in steady and unsteady turbulent airflows. Acta Mech., Supplementum 1, Aeolian Grain Transport. 1: Mechanics, 97–122.

Déry, S. J., Taylor, P.A. and Xiao, J.. 1998. The thermodynamic effects of sublimating, blowing snow in the atmospheric boundary layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 89(2), 251–283.

Gauer, P.
2001. Numerical modeling of blowing and drifting snow in Alpine terrain. J. Glaciol., 47(156), 97–110.

Hunt, J.C.R. and Nalpanis, P.. 1985. Saltating and suspended particles over flat and sloping surfaces. 1. Modelling concepts. In Barndorff-Nielsen, O.E., ed. International Workshop on the Physics of Blown Sand. Proceedings. Vol. 1. Aarhus, University of Aarhus. Institute of Mathematics, 9–35. (Mem. 8).

Kobayashi, D.
1972. Studies of snow transport in low-level drifting snow. Contrib. Inst. Low Temp. Sci., Ser. A 24.

Kosugi, K., Nishimura, K. and Maeno, N.. 1992. Snow ripples and their contribution to the mass transport in drifting snow. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 59(1–2), 59–66.

Mann, G.W.
1998. Surface heat and water vapour budgets over Antarctica. (Ph.D. thesis, University of Leeds.)

McEwan, I.K. and Willetts, B. B.. 1991. Numerical model of the saltation cloud. Acta Mech., Supplementum 1, Aeolian Grain Transport. 1: Mechanics, 53–66.

McEwan, I.K. and Willetts, B. B.. 1993. Adaptation of the near-surface wind to the development of sand transport. J. Fluid Mech., 252, 99–115.

Morsi, S.A. and Alexander, A. J.. 1972. An investigation of particle trajectories in two-phase flow systems. J. Fluid Mech., 55, 193–208.

Naaim-Bouvet, F. and Naaim, M.. 1998. Snowdrift modelling in a wind tunnel: vertical and horizontal variation of the snow flux. Ann. Glaciol., 26, 212–216.

Nemoto, M.
2002. Dynamics of drifting snow particles in turbulent boundary-layer. (Ph.D. thesis, Hokkaido University, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science.)

Nemoto, M. and Nishimura, K.. 2001. Direct measurement of shear stress during snow saltation. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 100(1), 149–170.

Nishimura, K. and Hunt, J.C.R.. 2000. Saltation and incipient suspension above a flat particle bed below a turbulent boundary layer. J. Fluid Mech., 417, 77–102.

Nishimura, K., Sugiura, K., Nemoto, M. and Maeno, N.. 1998. Measurements and numerical simulations of snow particle saltation. Ann. Glaciol., 26, 184–190.

Owen, P. R.
1964. Saltation of uniform grains in air. J. Fluid Mech., 20, 225–242.

Sato, T., Uematsu, T. and Kaneda, Y.. 1997. Application of a random walk model to blowing snow. In Izumi, M., T. Nakamura and R. L. Sack, eds. Snow engineering: recent advances, Rotterdam, A. A. Balkema, 133–138.

Shao, Y. and Li, A.. 1999. Numerical modelling of saltation in the atmospheric surface layer. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 91(2), 199–225.

Shao, Y. and Raupach, M.R.. 1992. The overshoot and equilibration of saltation. J. Geophys. Res., 97(D18), 20, 559–20, 564.

Sugiura, K. and Maeno, N.. 2000. Wind-tunnel measurements of restitution coefficients and ejection number of snow particles in drifting snow: determination of splash functions. Boundary-LayerMeteorol., 95(1), 123–143.

Sugiura, K., Nishimura, K., Maeno, N. and Kimura, T.. 1998. Measurements of snow mass flux and transport rate at different particle diameters in drifting snow. Cold Regions Sci. Technol., 27, 83–89.

Sundsbø, P.A., and Hansen, E.W.M.. 1997. Modelling and numerical simulation of snowdrift around snow fences. In Izumi, M., T. Nakamura and R. L. Sack, eds. Snow engineering: recent advances, Rotterdam, A. A. Balkema, 353–359.

Takeuchi, M.
1980. Vertical profile and horizontal increase of drift snow transport. J. Glaciol., 26(94), 481–492.

Taylor, P. A., Li, P.Y. and Wilson, J.D., 2002. Lagrangian simulation of suspended particles in the neutrally stratified surface boundary layer. J. Geophys. Res., 107(D24), 4762.

Wilson, J.D. and Sawford, B. L., 1996. Review of Lagrangian stochastic models for trajectories in the turbulent atmosphere. Boundary-LayerMe-teorol., 78(3-4), 191–210.

Xiao, J. and Taylor, P. A., 2002. On equilibrium profiles of suspended particles. Boundary-Layer Meteorol., 105(3), 471–482.

Xiao, J., Bintanja, R., Déry, S. J., Mann, G.W. and Taylor, P.A., 2000. An intercomparison among four models of blowing snow. Boundary-Layer Me-teorol., 97(1), 109–135.