Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Linkages between geochemistry and microbiology in a proglacial terrain in the High Arctic

  • Robin Wojcik (a1) (a2), Johanna Donhauser (a3), Beat Frey (a3), Stine Holm (a1) (a4), Alexandra Holland (a5), Alexandre M. Anesio (a6), David A. Pearce (a7), Lucie Malard (a7), Dirk Wagner (a1) (a4) and Liane G. Benning (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Proglacial environments are ideal for studying the development of soils through the changes of rocks exposed by glacier retreat to weathering and microbial processes. Carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) contents as well as soil pH and soil elemental compositions are thought to be dominant factors structuring the bacterial, archaeal and fungal communities in the early stages of soil ecosystem formation. However, the functional linkages between C and N contents, soil composition and microbial community structures remain poorly understood. Here, we describe a multivariate analysis of geochemical properties and associated microbial community structures between a moraine and a glaciofluvial outwash in the proglacial area of a High Arctic glacier (Longyearbreen, Svalbard). Our results reveal distinct differences in developmental stages and heterogeneity between the moraine and the glaciofluvial outwash. We observed significant relationships between C and N contents, δ13Corg and δ15N isotopic ratios, weathering and microbial abundance and community structures. We suggest that the observed differences in microbial and geochemical parameters between the moraine and the glaciofluvial outwash are primarily a result of geomorphological variations of the proglacial terrain.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Linkages between geochemistry and microbiology in a proglacial terrain in the High Arctic
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Linkages between geochemistry and microbiology in a proglacial terrain in the High Arctic
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Linkages between geochemistry and microbiology in a proglacial terrain in the High Arctic
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the same Creative Commons licence is included and the original work is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use.

Footnotes

Hide All
*

The first two authors contributed equally to this work.

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Bahlburg, H and Dobrzinski, N (2011) A review of the Chemical Index of Alteration (CIA) and its application to the study of Neoproterozoic glacial deposits and climate transitions. Geol. Soc., London, Memoirs, 36(1), 819210.1144/M36.6
Bajerski, F and Wagner, D (2013) Bacterial succession in Antarctic soils of two glacier forefields on Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 85(1), 12814210.1111/1574-6941.12105
Bengtsson-Palme, J and 9 others (2013) Improved software detection and extraction of ITS1 and ITS2 from ribosomal ITS sequences of fungi and other eukaryotes for analysis of environmental sequencing data. Methods Ecol. Evol., 4(10), 914919
Bengtsson-Palme, J and 6 others (2015) METAXA2: improved identification and taxonomic classification of small and large subunit rRNA in metagenomic data. Mol. Ecol. Resour., 15(6), 1403141410.1111/1755-0998.12399
Bernasconi, SM and 9 others (2011) Chemical and biological gradients along the Damma glacier soil chronosequence, Switzerland. Vadose Zone J., 10(3), 86788310.2136/vzj2010.0129
Borin, S and 9 others (2010) Rock weathering creates oases of life in a High Arctic desert. Environ. Microbiol., 12(2), 29330310.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02059.x
Bradley, JA, Singarayer, JS and Anesio, AM (2014) Microbial community dynamics in the forefield of glaciers. Proc. R. Soc. B, 281, The Royal Society, 20140882. (1795)10.1098/rspb.2014.0882
Bradley, JA and 9 others (2016) Microbial dynamics in a High Arctic glacier forefield: a combined field, laboratory, and modelling approach. Biogeosciences, 13(19), 5677569610.5194/bg-13-5677-2016
Brown, SP and Jumpponen, A (2014) Contrasting primary successional trajectories of fungi and bacteria in retreating glacier soils. Mol. Ecol., 23(2), 48149710.1111/mec.12487
Brunner, I and 5 others (2011) Pioneering fungi from the Damma glacier forefield in the Swiss Alps can promote granite weathering. Geobiology, 9(3), 26627910.1111/j.1472-4669.2011.00274.x
Buzzini, P, Turk, M, Perini, L, Turchetti, B and Gunde-Cimerman, N (2017) Yeasts in polar and subpolar habitats. Yeasts in natural ecosystems: diversity. Springer, 33136510.1007/978-3-319-62683-3_11
Čapková, K, Hauer, T, Řeháková, K and Doležal, J (2016) Some like it high! Phylogenetic diversity of high-elevation cyanobacterial community from biological soil crusts of western Himalaya. Microb. Ecol., 71(1), 11312310.1007/s00248-015-0694-4
Carson, JK, Rooney, D, Gleeson, DB and Clipson, N (2007) Altering the mineral composition of soil causes a shift in microbial community structure. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 61(3), 414423
Chigira, M and Oyama, T (2000) Mechanism and effect of chemical weathering of sedimentary rocks. Eng. Geol., 55(1–2), 31410.1016/S0013-7952(99)00102-7
Clarke, KR and Gorley, RN (2006) PRIMER V6: user manual-tutorial. Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Climate-Data (2017) Climate: Longyearbyen. https://en.climate-data.org/location/27870/. (25 August 2017, date last accessed)
Darcy, JL, Lynch, RC, King, AJ, Robeson, MS and Schmidt, SK (2011) Global distribution of Polaromonas phylotypes – evidence for a highly successful dispersal capacity. PLoS ONE, 6(8), e2374210.1371/journal.pone.0023742
De Cáceres, M, Legendre, P and Moretti, M (2010) Improving indicator species analysis by combining groups of sites. Oikos, 119(10), 1674168410.1111/j.1600-0706.2010.18334.x
DeLong, EF (1992) Archaea in coastal marine environments. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 89(12), 5685568910.1073/pnas.89.12.5685
DeSantis, TZ and 9 others (2006) Greengenes, a chimera-checked 16S rRNA gene database and workbench compatible with ARB. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 72(7), 50695072
Dold, B and 6 others (2013) Acid rock drainage and rock weathering in Antarctica: important sources for iron cycling in the Southern Ocean. Environ. Sci. Technol., 47(12), 6129613610.1021/es305141b
Donhauser, J and Frey, B (2018) Alpine soil microbial ecology in a changing world. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 94
Edgar, RC (2010) Search and clustering orders of magnitude faster than BLAST. Bioinformatics, 26(19), 24602461
Edgar, RC (2013) UPARSE: highly accurate OTU sequences from microbial amplicon reads. Nat. Methods, 10(10), 996998
Edgar, RC and Flyvbjerg, H (2015) Error filtering, pair assembly and error correction for next-generation sequencing reads. Bioinformatics, 31(21), 34763482
Etzelmüller, B and 5 others (2000) Glacier characteristics and sediment transfer system of Longyearbreen and Larsbreen, western Spitsbergen. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift, 54(4), 157168
Frey, B and 7 others (2010) Weathering-associated bacteria from the Damma glacier forefield: physiological capabilities and impact on granite dissolution. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 76(14), 4788479610.1128/AEM.00657-10
Frey, B, Bühler, L, Schmutz, S, Zumsteg, A and Furrer, G (2013) Molecular characterization of phototrophic microorganisms in the forefield of a receding glacier in the Swiss Alps. Environ. Res. Lett., 8(1), 015033
Frey, B and 6 others (2016) Microbial diversity in European alpine permafrost and active layers. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 92(3)10.1093/femsec/fiw018
Galloway, DJ (2008) Lichen biogeography. In Nash, IIITH ed. Lichen biology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 31533510.1017/CBO9780511790478.017
Gantner, S, Andersson, AF, Alonso-Sáez, L and Bertilsson, S (2011) Novel primers for 16S rRNA-based archaeal community analyses in environmental samples. J. Microbiol. Methods, 84(1), 1218
Garrity, GM, Bell, JA and Lilburn, T (2005) Class II. Betaproteobacteria class. nov. In Brenner, DJ, Krieg, NR and Staley, JT eds. Bergey's manual® of systematic bacteriology: volume two the Proteobacteria part C the alpha-, beta-, delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria. Springer, Boston, MA, USA, 575922
Goldfarb, KC and 7 others (2011) Differential growth responses of soil bacterial taxa to carbon substrates of varying chemical recalcitrance. Front. Microbiol., 2, 94
Göransson, H, Venterink, HO and Bååth, E (2011) Soil bacterial growth and nutrient limitation along a chronosequence from a glacier forefield. Soil Biol. Biochem., 43(6), 1333134010.1016/j.soilbio.2011.03.006
Gueidan, C, Hill, DJ, Miadlikowska, J and Lutzoni, F (2015) 4 pezizomycotina: Lecanoromycetes. Systematics and evolution. Springer, 89120
Hagen, JO and Liestøl, O (1990) Long-term glacier mass-balance investigations in Svalbard, 1950-88. Ann. Glaciol., 14(1), 10210610.1017/S0260305500008351
Hahn, AS and Quideau, SA (2013) Shifts in soil microbial community biomass and resource utilization along a Canadian glacier chronosequence. Can. J. Soil Sci., 93(3), 305318
Hell, K and 7 others (2013) The dynamic bacterial communities of a melting High Arctic glacier snowpack. ISME J., 7(9), 1814
Hiraishi, A and Ueda, Y (1994) Rhodoplanes gen. nov., a new genus of phototrophic bacteria including Rhodopseudomonas rosea as Rhodoplanes roseus comb. nov. and Rhodoplanes elegans sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 44(4), 665673
Hodkinson, ID, Coulson, SJ and Webb, NR (2003) Community assembly along proglacial chronosequences in the high Arctic: vegetation and soil development in north-west Svalbard. J. Ecol., 91(4), 65166310.1046/j.1365-2745.2003.00786.x
Imhoff, J, Trüper, H and Pfennig, N (1984) Rearrangement of the species and genera of the phototrophic ‘purple nonsulfur bacteria’. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 34(3), 340343
Janatková, K and 6 others (2013) Community structure of soil phototrophs along environmental gradients in arid Himalaya. Environ. Microbiol., 15(9), 25052516
Kandeler, E, Deiglmayr, K, Tscherko, D, Bru, D and Philippot, L (2006) Abundance of narG, nirS, nirK, and nosZ genes of denitrifying bacteria during primary successions of a glacier foreland. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 72(9), 59575962
Kazemi, S, Hatam, I and Lanoil, B (2016) Bacterial community succession in a high-altitude subarctic glacier foreland is a three-stage process. Mol. Ecol., 25(21), 55575567
Larose, C, Dommergue, A and Vogel, TM (2013) The dynamic arctic snow pack: an unexplored environment for microbial diversity and activity. Biology (Basel), 2(1), 317330
Lazzaro, A, Franchini, A, Brankatschk, R and Zeyer, J (2010) Pioneer communities in the forefields of retreating glaciers: how microbes adapt to a challenging environment. Formatex, Badajoz, Spain, 4352
Lazzaro, A, Brankatschk, R and Zeyer, J (2012) Seasonal dynamics of nutrients and bacterial communities in unvegetated alpine glacier forefields. Appl. Soil Ecol., 53, 1022
Letunic, I and Bork, P (2011) Interactive Tree Ff Life v2: online annotation and display of phylogenetic trees made easy. Nucleic Acids Res., 39(suppl_2), W475W47810.1093/nar/gkr201
Liu, G-X and 7 others (2012) Variations in soil culturable bacteria communities and biochemical characteristics in the Dongkemadi glacier forefield along a chronosequence. Folia Microbiol., 57(6), 485494
Major, H and Nagy, J (1972) Geology of the Adventdalen map area: with a geological map, Svalbard C9 G 1: 100 000
Martin, M (2011) Cutadapt removes adapter sequences from high-throughput sequencing reads. EMBnet J., 17(1), 1012
Martín-Moreno, R, Allende Álvarez, F and Hagen, JO (2017) ‘Little Ice Age’ glacier extent and subsequent retreat in Svalbard archipelago. Holocene, 27(9), 13791390
Mateos-Rivera, A and 5 others (2016) The effect of temperature change on the microbial diversity and community structure along the chronosequence of the sub-arctic glacier forefield of Styggedalsbreen (Norway). FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 92(4)
McArdle, BH and Anderson, MJ (2001) Fitting multivariate models to community data: a comment on distance-based redundancy analysis. Ecology, 82(1), 290297
McMurdie, PJ and Holmes, S (2013) Phyloseq: an R package for reproducible interactive analysis and graphics of microbiome census data. PLoS ONE, 8(4), e61217
Mindl, B and 6 others (2007) Factors influencing bacterial dynamics along a transect from supraglacial runoff to proglacial lakes of a high Arctic glacier. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 59(2), 307317
Muyzer, G, De Waal, EC and Uitterlinden, AG (1993) Profiling of complex microbial populations by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified genes coding for 16S rRNA. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 59(3), 695700
Nakatsubo, T and 8 others (2005) Ecosystem development and carbon cycle on a glacier foreland in the High Arctic, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. J. Plant Res., 118(3), 173179
Nash, T (2008) Nutrients, elemental accumulation and mineral cycling. In Nash IIITH ed. Lichen biology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 324–251
Nemergut, DR and 6 others (2007) Microbial community succession in an unvegetated, recently deglaciated soil. Microb. Ecol., 53(1), 110122
Nesbitt, H and Young, G (1982) Early Proterozoic climates and plate motions inferred from major element chemistry of lutites. Nature, 299(5885), 715
Nicol, GW, Tscherko, D, Embley, TM and Prosser, JI (2005) Primary succession of soil Crenarchaeota across a receding glacier foreland. Environ. Microbiol., 7(3), 337347
Nikolenko, SI, Korobeynikov, AI and Alekseyev, MA (2013) Bayeshammer: Bayesian clustering for error correction in single-cell sequencing. BMC Genom., BioMed Central, S7(1)
Norwegian Meteorlogical Institute. Climate statistics for Svalbard Airport observation site. https://www.yr.no/place/Norway/Svalbard/Longyearbyen/climate.html (13 September 2017, date last accessed)
Ohenoja, E and Ohenoja, M (2010) Larger fungi of the Canadian arctic. North Am. Fungi, 5, 8596
Ohtonen, R, Fritze, H, Pennanen, T, Jumpponen, A and Trappe, J (1999) Ecosystem properties and microbial community changes in primary succession on a glacier forefront. Oecologia, 119(2), 239246
Oksanen, J and 6 others (2007) The vegan package. Community Ecol. Package, 10, 631637
Price, JR and Velbel, MA (2003) Chemical weathering indices applied to weathering profiles developed on heterogeneous felsic metamorphic parent rocks. Chem. Geol., 202(3), 397416
Pujalte, MJ, Lucena, T, Ruvira, MA, Arahal, DR and Macián, MC (2014) The family Rhodobacteraceae. The Prokaryotes. Springer, 439512
Quast, C and 7 others (2012) The SILVA ribosomal RNA gene database project: improved data processing and web-based tools. Nucleic Acids Res., 41(D1), D590D596
Revelle, W (2014) Psych: procedures for psychological, psychometric, and personality research. Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, 165
Rime, T and 5 others (2015) Vertical distribution of the soil microbiota along a successional gradient in a glacier forefield. Mol. Ecol., 24(5), 10911108
Savić, S and Tibell, L (2008) Atla, a new genus in the Verrucariaceae (Verrucariales). Lichenologist, 40(4), 269282
Schleper, C, Jurgens, G and Jonuscheit, M (2005) Genomic studies of uncultivated archaea. Nat. Rev. Microbiol., 3(6), 47948810.1038/nrmicro1159
Schmidt, S and Lipson, D (2004) Microbial growth under the snow: implications for nutrient and allelochemical availability in temperate soils. Plant Soil, 259(1–2), 1710.1023/B:PLSO.0000020933.32473.7e
Schmidt, S and 9 others (2008) The earliest stages of ecosystem succession in high-elevation (5000 metres above sea level), recently deglaciated soils. Proc. R. Soc. London B: Biol. Sci., 275(1653), 27932802
Schostag, M and 8 others (2015) Distinct summer and winter bacterial communities in the active layer of Svalbard permafrost revealed by DNA-and RNA-based analyses. Front. Microbiol., 6, 399
Schulz, S and 5 others (2013) The role of microorganisms at different stages of ecosystem development for soil formation. Biogeosciences, 10(6), 39833996
Spang, A and 9 others (2010) Distinct gene set in two different lineages of ammonia-oxidizing archaea supports the phylum Thaumarchaeota. Trends Microbiol., 18(8), 331340
Takai, K and Horikoshi, K (2000) Rapid detection and quantification of members of the archaeal community by quantitative PCR using fluorogenic probes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 66(11), 50665072
Team, R (2012) Development core. R: A language and environment for statistical computing
Thues, H and 6 others (2015) Revision of the Verrucaria elaeomelaena species complex and morphologically similar freshwater lichens (Verrucariaceae, Ascomycota). Phytotaxa., 197(3), 161185
timeanddate.com (2018) Past Weather in Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway. https://www.timeanddate.com/weather/norway/longyearbyen/historic?month=11&year=2016. (28 Mat 2018, date last accessed)
Tscherko, D, Rustemeier, J, Richter, A, Wanek, W and Kandeler, E (2003) Functional diversity of the soil microflora in primary succession across two glacier forelands in the Central Alps. Eur. J. Soil Sci., 54(4), 685696
Vorholt, JA (2012) Microbial life in the phyllosphere. Nat. Rev. Microbiol., 10(12), 828
Warnes, MGR, Bolker, B, Bonebakker, L and Gentleman, R (2016) Package ‘gplots’. Various R Programming Tools for Plotting Data
Weller, G, Symon, C, Arris, L and Hill, B (2005) Summary and Synthesis of the ACIA
Whittaker, RH (1960) Vegetation of the Siskiyou mountains, Oregon and California. Ecol. Monogr., 30(3), 279338
Wickham, H (2016) Ggplot2: elegant graphics for data analysis. Springer International Publishing, Basel, Switzerland
Wojcik, R, Juri Palmtag, J, Hugelius, G, Weiss, N and Kuhry, P (2019) Land cover and landform-based upscaling of soil organic carbon stocks on the Brøgger Peninsula, Svalbard. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 51
Zumsteg, A and 7 others (2012) Bacterial, archaeal and fungal succession in the forefield of a receding glacier. Microb. Ecol., 63(3), 552564

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Wojcik et al. supplementary material
Wojcik et al. supplementary material 1

 Word (465 KB)
465 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed