Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Glacier velocities across the central Karakoram

  • Luke Copland (a1), Sierra Pope (a1), Michael P. Bishop (a2), John F. Shroder, (a2), Penelope Clendon (a3), Andrew Bush (a4), Ulrich Kamp (a5), Yeong Bae Seong (a6) and Lewis A. Owen (a7)...

Abstract

Optical matching of ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) satellite image pairs is used to determine the surface velocities of major glaciers across the central Karakoram. The ASTER images were acquired in 2006 and 2007, and cover a 60×120km region over Baltoro glacier, Pakistan, and areas to the north and west. The surface velocities were compared with differential global position system (GPS) data collected on Baltoro glacier in summer 2005. The ASTER measurements reveal fine details about ice dynamics in this region. For example, glaciers are found to be active over their termini even where they are very heavily debris-covered. The characteristics of several surge-type glaciers were measured, with terminus advances of several hundred meters per year and the displacement of trunk glaciers as surge glaciers pushed into them. This study is the first synthesis of glacier velocities across this region, and provides a baseline against which both past and future changes can be compared.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Glacier velocities across the central Karakoram
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Glacier velocities across the central Karakoram
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Glacier velocities across the central Karakoram
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Batura Glacier Investigation Group. 1979. The Batura Glacier in the Karakoram mountains and its variations. Sci. Sin., 22(8), 958–974.
Berthier, E. and 7 others. 2005. Surface motion of mountain glaciers derived from satellite optical imagery. Remote Sens. Environ., 95(1), 14–28.
Burbank, D.W. and 6 others. 1996. Bedrock incision, rock uplift and threshold hillslopes in the north-western Himalayas. Nature, 379(6565), 505–510.
Desio, A. 1954. An exceptional advance in the Karakoram-Ladakh region. J. Glaciol., 2(16), 383–385.
Dowdeswell, J.A. and Benham, T.J.. 2003. A surge of Perseibreen, Svalbard, examined using aerial photography and ASTER high-resolution satellite imagery. Polar Res., 22(2), 373–383.
Fatland, D.R., Lingle, C.S. and Truffer, M.. 2003. A surface motion survey of Black Rapids Glacier, Alaska, U.S.A. Ann. Glaciol., 36, 29–36.
Finsterwalder, R. 1937. Die Gletscher des Nanga Parbat, Glaziologische Arbeiten der Deutschen Himalaya-Expedition 1934 und ihre Ergebnisse. Z. Gletscherkd., 25, 57–108.
Foster, D.A., Gleadow, A.J.W. and Mortimer, G.. 1994. Rapid Pliocene exhumation in the Karakoram (Pakistan), revealed by fission-track thermochronology of the K2 gneiss. Geology, 22(1), 19–22.
Gardner, J.S. and Hewitt, K.. 1990. A surge of Bualtar Glacier, Karakorum Range, Pakistan: a possible landslide trigger. J. Glaciol., 36(123), 159–162.
Goudie, A.S., Jones, D.K.C. and Brunsden, D.. 1984. Recent fluctuations in some glaciers of the Western Karakoram mountains, Hunza, Pakistan. In Miller, K.J., ed. The International Karakoram Project, Vol. 2. Cambridge, etc., Cambridge University Press, 411–455.
Hayden, H.H. 1907. Notes on certain glaciers in north-west Kashmir. Rec. Geol. Surv. India, 35(3), 127–137.
Hewitt, K. 1969. Glacier surges in the Karakoram Himalaya (Central Asia). Can. J. Earth Sci., 6(4, Part 2), 1009–1018.
Hewitt, K. 1998. Glaciers receive a surge of attention in the Karakoram Himalaya. Eos, 79(8), 104–105.
Hewitt, K. 2007. Tributary glacier surges: an exceptional concentration at Panmah Glacier, Karakoram Himalaya. J. Glaciol., 53(181), 181–188.
Hewitt, K., Wake, C.P., Young, G.J. and David, C.. 1989. Hydrological investigations at Biafo Glacier, Karakorum Range, Himalaya; an important source of water for the Indus River. Ann. Glaciol., 13, 103–108.
Kääb, A. 2005. Combination of SRTM3 and repeat ASTER data for deriving alpine glacier flow velocities in the Bhutan Himalaya. Remote Sens. Environ., 94(4), 463–474.
Kick, W. 1962. Variations of some central Asiatic glaciers. IASH Publ. 58 (Symposium at Obergurgl 1962 – Variations of the Regime of Existing Glaciers), 223–229.
Luckman, A., Quincey, D.J. and Bevan, S.. 2007. The potential of satellite radar interferometry and feature tracking for monitoring flow rates of Himalayan glaciers. Remote Sens. Environ., 111(2–3), 172.
Mason, K. 1935. The study of threatening glaciers. Geogr. J., 85(1), 24–41.
Mayer, C., Lambrecht, A., Belò, M., Smiraglia, C. and Diolaiuti, G.. 2006. Glaciological characteristics of the ablation zone of Baltoro glacier, Karakorum, Pakistan. Ann. Glaciol., 43, 123–131.
Mayewski, P.A. and Jeschke, P.A.. 1979. Himalayan and trans-Himalayan glacier fluctuations since A.D. 1812. Arct. Alp. Res., 11(3), 267–287.
Raymond, C.F. and 7 others. 1985. Glacier surge mechanism: 1982–1983 surge of Variegated Glacier, Alaska. Science, 227(4686), 469–479.
Scambos, T.A., Dutkiewicz, M.J., Wilson, J.C. and Bindschadler, R.A.. 1992. Application of image cross-correlation to the measurement of glacier velocity using satellite image data. Remote Sens. Environ., 42(3), 177–186.
Searle, M.P. 1991. Geology and tectonics of the Karakoram mountains. Chichester, Wiley.
Seong, Y.B. and 8 others. 2008. Rates of bedrock incision within an actively uplifting orogen: Central Karakoram Mountains, Pakistan. Geomorphology, 97(3–4), 274–286.
Young, G.J. and Schmok, J.P.. 1989. Ice loss in the ablation area of a Himalayan glacier; studies on Miar Glacier, Karakorum Mountains, Pakistan. Ann. Glaciol., 13, 289–293.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed