Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effects of ENSO on the major ion record of a Qomolangma (Mount Everest) ice core

  • Hao Xu (a1) (a2), Shugui Hou (a1), Hongxi Pang (a1) and Chaomin Wang (a1)

Abstract

Correlations between a 1000 year record of the major ions in a 108.83 m ice core from East Rongbuk Glacier (28°01’N, 86°58’E; 6518ma.s.l.) on the northeast slope of Qomolangma (Mount Everest) and the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) were examined to investigate possible links between the ice-core records of the southern Tibetan Plateau (TP) and El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The results show that years with the highest crustal ion concentrations and lowest marine ion concentrations corresponded with a low SOI, and vice versa. Cross wavelet and wavelet coherence analysis between major ion time series and the SOI indicated that there were significant sections with high common power between the major ion time series and the SOI, suggesting a correlation between the ion records of the Qomolangma ice core and ENSO. Further investigation indicated that the higher SOI years corresponded with weaker continental air masses and stronger south Asian monsoons over the southern TP, leading to increased marine ions and decreased continental ions transported to the southern TP. The in-phase surface pressure anomalies of the southern TP and Darwin, Australia, link ENSO and ion transport over the southern TP, and thus suggest a link between aerosol transport over the southern TP and ENSO.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Effects of ENSO on the major ion record of a Qomolangma (Mount Everest) ice core
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Effects of ENSO on the major ion record of a Qomolangma (Mount Everest) ice core
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Effects of ENSO on the major ion record of a Qomolangma (Mount Everest) ice core
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Correspondence: Shugui Hou <shugui@nju.edu.cn>

References

Hide All
Allan, RJ, Nicholls, N, Jones, PD and Butterworth, IJ (1991) A further extension of the Tahiti–Darwin SOI, early ENSO events and Darwin pressure. J. Climate, 4(7), 743749 (doi: 10.1175/1520–0442(1991)004<0743:AFEOTT>2.0.CO;2)
Braganza, K, Gergis, JL, Power, SB, Risbey, JS and Fowler, AM (2009) A multiproxy index of the El Nino–Southern Oscillation, AD 1525–1982. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 114(D5), D05106 (doi:10.1029/2008JD010896)
Cook, ER, D’Arrigo, RD and Anchukaitis, KJ (2008) ENSO reconstructions from long tree-ring chronologies: unifying the differences? Presentation at special workshop at Moorea, French Polynesia, 2–3 April 2008 – Reconciling ENSO chronologies for the past 500 years. IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder CO, USA
D’Arrigo, R, Cook, ER, Wilson, RJ, Allan, R and Mann, ME (2005) On the variability of ENSO over the past six centuries. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32(3), L03711 (doi: 10.1029/2004GL022055)
Davis, ME, Thompson, LG, Yao, T and Wang, N (2005) Forcing of the Asian monsoon on the Tibetan Plateau: evidence from highresolutionice core and tropical coral records. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 110(D4), D04101 (doi: 10.1029/2004JD004933)
Fowler, AM, Boswijk, G, Gergis, J and Lorrey, A (2008) ENSO history recorded in Agathis australis (kauri) tree rings. Part A: kauri’s potential as an ENSO proxy. Int. J. Climatol., 28(1), 120 (doi: 10.1002/joc.1525)
Grigholm, B and 6 others (2009) Atmospheric soluble dust records from a Tibetan ice core: possible climate proxies and teleconnection with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 114(D20), D20118, (doi: 10.1029/2008JD011242)
Grinsted, A, Moore, JC and Jevrejeva, S (2004) Application of the cross wavelet transform and wavelet coherence to geophysical time series. Nonlinear Proc. Geophys., 11(5/6), 561566 (doi:10.5194/npg-11-561-2004)
Hou, S and 7 others (2004) Age of Himalayan bottom ice cores. J. Glaciol., 50(170), 467468 (doi: 10.3189/172756504781829981)
Kang, S and 7 others (2002) Glaciochemical records from a Mt. Everest ice core: relationship to atmospheric circulation over Asia. Atmos. Environ., 36(21), 33513361 (doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00325-4)
Kaspari, S and 11 others (2007) Reduction in northward incursions of the South Asian monsoon since ~1400 AD inferred from a Mt. Everest ice core. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34(16), L16701 (doi: 10.1029/2007GL030440)
Kaspari, S, Hooke, RLeB, Mayewski, PA, Kang, S, Hou, S and Qin, D (2008) Snow accumulation rate on Qomolangma (Mount Everest), Himalaya: synchroneity with sites across the Tibetan Plateau on 50–100 year timescales. J. Glaciol., 54(185), 343352 (doi: 10.3189/002214308784886126)
Kaspari, S and 7 others (2009) A high-resolution record of atmospheric dust composition and variability since AD 1650 from a Mount Everest ice core. J. Climate, 22(14), 39103925 (doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI2518.1)
Knüsel, S, Brütsch, S, Henderson, KA, Palmer, AS and Schwikowski, M (2005) ENSO signals of the twentieth century in an ice core from Nevado Illimani, Bolivia. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 110(D1), D01102 (doi: 10.1029/2004JD005420)
Können, GP, Jones, PD, Kaltofen, MH and Allan, RJ (1998) Pre-1866 extensions of the Southern Oscillation index using early Indonesian and Tahitian meteorological readings. J. Climate., 11(9), 23252339 (doi: 10.1175/1520-00442(1998)011<2325:PEOTSO>2.0.CO;2)
Li, J and 8 others (2011) Interdecadal modulation of El Niño amplitude during the past millennium. Nature Climate Change, 1(2), 114118 (doi: 10.1038/nclimate1086)
Li, J and 11 others (2013) El Niño modulations over the past seven centuries. Nature Climate Change, 3(9), 822826 (doi: 10.1038/nclimate1936).
Mayewski, PA, Ahmad, N, Smith, G and Pourchet, M (1984) Interpretation of the chemical and physical time-series retrieved from Sentik Glacier, Ladakh Himalaya, India. J. Glaciol., 30(104), 6676
McGregor, S, Timmermann, A and Timm, O (2010) A unified proxy for ENSO and PDO variability since 1650. Climate Past., 6(1), 117 (doi: 10.5194/cp-6-1-2010)
Meeker, LD and Mayewski, PA (2002) A 1400-year high-resolution record of atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic and Asia. Holocene, 12(3), 257266 (doi: 10.1191/0959683602hl542ft)
Meeker, LD, Mayewski, PA and Bloomfield, P (1995) A new approach to glaciochemical time series analysis. In Delmas, RJ ed. Ice core studies of global biogeochemical cycles. (NATO ASI Series I: Global Environmental Change 30) Springer, Berlin, 383400
Mokhov, II and Smirnov, DA (2006) El Niño–Southern Oscillation drives North Atlantic Oscillation as revealed with nonlinear techniques from climatic indices. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33(3) (doi: 10.1029/2005GL024557)
Osterberg, EC, Handley, MJ, Sneed, SB, Mayewski, PA and Kreutz, KJ (2006) Continuous ice core melter system with discrete sampling for major ion, trace element and stable isotope analyses. Environ. Sci. Technol., 40(10), 33553361 (doi: 10.1021/es052536w).
Ropelewski, CF and Jones, PD (1987) An extension of the Tahiti– Darwin southern oscillation index. Mon. Weather Rev., 115(9), 21612165 (doi: 10.1175/1520-0493(1987)115<2161:AEOTTS>2.0.CO;2)
Shrestha, AB, Wake, CP, Dibb, JE and Whitlow, SI (2002) Aerosol and precipitation chemistry at a remote Himalayan site in Nepal. Aerosol Sci. Technol., 36(4), 441456 (doi: 10.1080/027868202753571269)
Thompson, LG, Yao, T, Mosley-Thompson, E, Davis, ME, Henderson, KA and Lin, P (2000) A high-resolution millennial record of the south Asian monsoon from Himalayan ice cores. Science, 289(5486), 19161919 (doi: 10.1126/science.289.5486.1916)
Wake, CP, Mayewski, PA and Spencer, MJ (1990) A review of central Asian glaciochemical data. Ann. Glaciol., 14, 301306
Wake, CP, Mayewski, PA, Xie, Z, Wang, P and Li, Z (1993) Regional distribution of monsoon and desert dust signals recorded in Asian glaciers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(14), 14111414 (doi: 10.1029/93GL01682)
Wang, N, Yao, T, Thompson, LG and Davis, ME (2002) Indian monsoon and North Atlantic Oscillation signals reflected by Cl- and Na+ in a shallow ice core from Dasuopu glacier, Xixabangma, Himalaya. Ann. Glaciol., 35(1), 273277 (doi: 10.3189/172756402781816825)
Wang, N, Thompson, LG, Davis, ME, Mosley-Thompson, E, Yao, T and Pu, J (2003) Influence of variations in NAO and SO on air temperature over the northern Tibetan Plateau as recorded by δ18O in the Malan ice core. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(22), 2167 (doi: 10.1029/2003GL018188)
Xu, H, Hou, S and Pang, H (2014) Asian–Pacific Oscillation signal from a Qomolangma (Mount Everest) ice-core chemical record. Ann. Glaciol., 55(66), 121128 (doi: 10.3189/2014AoG66A121)
Xu, J and 10 others (2010) A 108.83 m ice-core record of atmospheric dust deposition at Mt. Qomolangma (Everest), Central Himalaya. Quat. Res., 73(1), 3338 (doi: 0.1016/j.yqres.2009.09.005)
Yang, M, Yao, T, He, Y and Thompson, L G (2000) ENSO events recorded in the Guliya ice core. Climatic Change, 47(4), 401409 (doi: 10.1023/A:1005696702385)
Zhang, XP, Yao, TD and Jin, HJ (2000) The influence of ENSO event on the modern δ18O on the Guliya ice core. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 22(1), 2428

Keywords

Effects of ENSO on the major ion record of a Qomolangma (Mount Everest) ice core

  • Hao Xu (a1) (a2), Shugui Hou (a1), Hongxi Pang (a1) and Chaomin Wang (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed