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Computer applications for avalanche forecasting in the United States

  • Bruce Tremper (a1) and Rand Decker (a2)

Abstract

Avalanche hazard forecasters must evaluate a number of different important parameters which often vary markedly over time and distance. Computer applications have been developed to help the avalanche forecaster manage the complex data. These include programs which simply graph and tabulate data into easily ingested displays, database and statistical software, deterministic models of the snowpack evolution and stability, and finally, networks of avalanche information. This paper is an overview of computer software currently available in English and in use in the United States.

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References

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Brun, E. David, P. Sudul, M. Brunot, G. 1992 A numerical model to simulate snow–cover stratigraphy for operational avalanche forecasting. J. Glaciol., 38(128), 1322.
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Castets, P. Devillaz, E. Dumas, J.L. MacVeigh, J.P. Marbouty, D. Pougatch, E. 1984 Un système automatisé de collecte et de traitement des données nivométéorologiques. Houille Blanche, 1984(6–7), 459464.
Colbeck, S.C. and 7 others. 1990 The international classification for seasonal snow on the ground. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, International Association of Scientific Hydrology International Commission on Snow and Ice.
Gubler, H. Bader, H.P. 1989 A model of initial failure in slab–avalanche release. Ann. Glaciol., 13, 9095.
Navarre, J.P. Guyomarc’h, G. Giraud, G. 1987 Un modèle statistique pour la prévision locale des avalanches. International Association of Hydrological Sciences 162 (Symposium at Davos 1986 — Avalanche Formation, Movement and Effects), 571580.

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