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Characteristics of air bubbles and hydrates in the Dome Fuji ice core, Antarctica

  • Hideki Narita (a1), Nobuhiko Azuma (a2), Takeo Hondoh (a1), Michiko Fujii (a1), Mituo Kawaguchi (a2), Shinji Mae (a3), Hitoshi Shoji (a4), Takao Kameda (a4) and Okitusgu Watanabe (a5)...

Abstract

Air bubbles trapped near the surface of an ice sheet are transformed into air hydrates below a certain depth Their volume and number varies partly with environment and climate. Air bubbles and hydrates at 120-2200 m depth in the Dome Fuji (Dome F) ice core were examined with a microscope. This depth range covers the Holocene/Last Glacial/Last Interglacial/Previous Glacial periods. No air bubbles were seen below about 1100 m depth, and air hydrates began to appear from about 600 m. The observed number of air bubbles and hydrates was similar to that found in the Vostok ice core. For the ice covering the Last Glacial Maximum period, however the hydrate concentration in the Dome F core is about half that of the Vostok core. Reference to snow metamorphism and packing does not explain this finding.

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References

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Characteristics of air bubbles and hydrates in the Dome Fuji ice core, Antarctica

  • Hideki Narita (a1), Nobuhiko Azuma (a2), Takeo Hondoh (a1), Michiko Fujii (a1), Mituo Kawaguchi (a2), Shinji Mae (a3), Hitoshi Shoji (a4), Takao Kameda (a4) and Okitusgu Watanabe (a5)...

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