Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The 2008/09 surge of central Yulinchuan glacier, northern Tibetan Plateau, as monitored by remote sensing

  • Wanqin Guo (a1), Shiyin Liu (a1), Junfeng Wei (a1) and Weijia Bao (a1)

Abstract

The 2008/09 surge of central Yulinchuan glacier (CYG) on the northwestern slope of Muztag mountain, Tibetan Plateau, is studied based on satellite remote sensing. The widely used cross-correlation feature-tracking method was used to collect satellite image control points and validate their geometric accuracies, as well as to derive glacier surface velocity. Changes in glacier length and area were also retrieved. Results show that the surge of CYG initiated in May 2008 and terminated in July 2009. Two diffluent glacier termini advanced 590 ± 26 m (5.1 ± 0.2% of the 2004 length) and 182 ± 26m (1.8 ± 0.3%), respectively, and glacier area increased by ∼1.41 ± 0.11 km2 (4.6 ± 0.4% of the 2004 area) during this period. The most significant surge period was October 2008 to March 2009, when most of the terminus advances and area increases occurred. The glacier surface drastically crevassed during this time, as much as 1657 ± 297 m of horizontal surface displacements were produced by surge ice, and maximum surface speed reached 13 ± 1.5 m d-1. Results of transverse and longitudinal velocity profiles revealed two surge waves during this surge of CYG.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The 2008/09 surge of central Yulinchuan glacier, northern Tibetan Plateau, as monitored by remote sensing
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The 2008/09 surge of central Yulinchuan glacier, northern Tibetan Plateau, as monitored by remote sensing
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The 2008/09 surge of central Yulinchuan glacier, northern Tibetan Plateau, as monitored by remote sensing
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
Barrand, NE and Murray, T (2006) Multivariate controls on the incidence of glacier surging in the Karakoram Himalaya. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 38(4), 489498 (doi: 10.1657/1523-0430 (2006)38[489:MCOTIO]2.0.CO;2)
Björnsson, H, Palsson, F, Sigurðsson, O and Flowers, GE (2003) Surges of glaciers in Iceland. Ann. Glaciol., 36, 8290 (doi: 10.3189/ 172756403781816365)
Bolch, T, Menounos, B and Wheate, R (2010) Landsat-based inventory of glaciers in western Canada, 1985–2005. Remote Sens. Environ., 114(1), 127137 (doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2009.08.015)
Clarke, GKC, Schmok, JP, Ommanney, CSL and Collins, SG (1986) Characteristics of surge-type glaciers. J. Geophys. Res., 91(B7), 71657180 (doi: 10.1029/JB091iB07p07165)
Copland, L and 8 others (2009) Glacier velocities across the central Karakoram. Ann. Glaciol., 50(52), 4149 (doi: 10.3189/ 172756409789624229)
Copland, L and 7 others (2011) Expanded and recently increased glacier surging in the Karakoram. Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 43(4), 503516
Cuffey, KM and Paterson, WSB (2010) The physics of glaciers, 4th edn. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford
Davis, JL, Halliday, JS and Miller, KJ (1973) Radio echo sounding on a valley glacier in East Greenland. J. Glaciol., 12(64), 8791
Dowdeswell, JA and Benham, TJ (2003) A surge of Perseibreen, Svalbard, examined using aerial photography and ASTER high-resolution satellite imagery. Polar Res., 22(2), 373383
Fatland, DR, Lingle, CS and Truffer, M (2003) A surface motion survey of Black Rapids Glacier, Alaska, U.S.A. Ann. Glaciol., 36, 2936 (doi: 10.3189/172756403781816095)
Guo, W, Liu, S, Yu, P and Xu, J (2011) Automatic extraction of ridgelines using on drainage boundaries and aspect difference. Sci. Surv. Mapp., 36(6), 210212, 191 (doi: CNKI:SUN:CHKD.0. 2011-06-075) [in Chinese with English summary]
Harrison, WD and Post, AS (2003) How much do we really know about glacier surging? Ann. Glaciol., 36, 16 (doi: 10.3189/ 172756403781816185)
Jiskoot, H (2011) Glacier surging. In Singh, VP, Singh, P and Haritashya, UK eds. Encyclopedia of snow, ice and glaciers. Springer, Dordrecht
Jiskoot, H, Boyle, P and Murray, T (1998) The incidence of glacier surging in Svalbard: evidence from multivariate statistics. Comput. Geosci., 24(4), 387399
Jiskoot, H, Murray, T and Luckman, A (2003) Surge potential and drainage-basin characteristics in East Greenland. Ann. Glaciol., 36, 142148 (doi: 10.3189/172756403781816220)
Kamb, B (1987) Glacier surge mechanism based on linked cavity configuration of the basal water conduit system. J. Geophys. Res., 92(B9), 90839100 (doi: 10.1029/JB092iB09p09083)
Kamb, B and 7 others (1985) Glacier surge mechanism: 1982–1983 surgeof Variegated Glacier, Alaska. Science,227(4686), 469479
Kirchner, G (1963) Observations at bore holes sunk through the Schuchert Gletscher in north-east Greenland. J. Glaciol., 4(36), 817818
Kotlyakov, VM, Rototaeva, OV and Nosenko, GA (2004) The September 2002 Kolka glacier catastrophe in North Ossetia, Russian Federation: evidence and analysis. Mt. Res. Dev., 24(1), 7883
Kotlyakov, VM, Osipova, GB and Tsvetkov, DG (2008) Monitoring surging glaciers of the Pamirs, central Asia, from space. Ann. Glaciol., 48, 125134 (doi: 10.3189/172756408784700608)
Leprince, S, Barbot, S, Ayoub, F and Avouac, J-P (2007) Automatic and precise orthorectification, coregistration, and subpixel correlation of satellite images, application to ground deformation measurements. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 45(6), 15291558 (doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2006.888937)
Liu, J and Wang, D (2009) Glacier surge happens on the upstream of Yarkant River, 2009. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 31(5), 992 [in Chinese]
Luckman, A, Murray, T, Jiskoot, H, Pritchard, H and Strozzi, T (2003) ERS SAR feature-tracking measurement of outlet glacier velocities on a regional scale in East Greenland. Ann. Glaciol., 36, 129134 (doi: 10.3189/172756403781816428)
Mayer, C, Fowler, AC, Lambrecht, A and Scharrer, K (2011) A surge of North Gasherbrum Glacier, Karakoram, China. J. Glaciol., 57(205), 904916 (doi: 10.3189/002214311798043834)
Meier, MF and Post, A (1969) What are glacier surges? Can. J. Earth Sci., 6(4), 807817
Motyka, RJ and Truffer, M (2007) Hubbard Glacier, Alaska: 2002 closure of Russell Fjord and implications for future dams. J. Geophys. Res., 112(F2), F02004 (doi: 10.1029/2006JF000475)
Murray, T, Strozzi, T, Luckman, A, Pritchard, H and Jiskoot, H (2002) Ice dynamics during a surge of Sortebræ, East Greenland. Ann. Glaciol., 34, 323329 (doi: 10.3189/172756402781817491)
Niu, J, Liu, J, Wang, D and Hewitt, K (2011) Monitoring on ice-dammed lake and related surging glaciers in Yarkant River, Karakorum in 2009. J. Mt Sci. [China], 29(3), 273282 [in Chinese with English summary]
Pachauri, RK and Reisinger, A eds. (2007) Climate change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Geneva
Paul , F, Kaab, A, Maisch, M, Kellenberger, T and Haeberli, W (2002) The new remote-sensing-derived Swiss glacier inventory: I. Methods. Ann. Glaciol., 34, 355361 (doi: 10.3189/ 172756402781817941)
Post, A (1969) Distribution of surging glaciers in western North America. J. Glaciol., 8(53), 229240
Quincey, DJ, Copland, L, Mayer, C, Bishop, M, Luckman, A and Belo =, M (2009) Ice velocity and climate variations for Baltoro Glacier, Pakistan. J. Glaciol., 55(194), 10611071 (doi: 10.3189/ 002214309790794913)
Quincey, DJ, Braun, M, Glasser, NF, Bishop, MP, Hewitt, K and Luckman, A (2011) Karakoram glacier surge dynamics. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38(18), L18504 (doi: 10.1029/2011GL049004)
Rolstad, C, Amlien, J, Hagen, JO and Lunden, B (1997) Visible and near-infrared digital images for determination of ice velocities and surface elevation during a surge on Osbornebreen, a tidewater glacier in Svalbard. Ann. Glaciol., 24, 255261
Scambos, TA, Dutkiewicz, MJ, Wilson, JC and Bindschadler, RA (1992) Application of image cross-correlation to the measurement of glacier velocity using satellite image data. Remote Sens. Environ., 42(3), 177186 (doi: 10.1016/0034-4257(92)90101-O)
Scherler, D and Strecker, MR (2012) Large surface velocity fluctuations of Biafo Glacier, central Karakoram, at high spatial and temporal resolution from optical satellite images. J. Glaciol., 58(209), 569580 (doi: 10.3189/2012JoG11J096)
Scherler, D, Leprince, S and Strecker, MR (2008) Glacier-surface velocities in alpine terrain from optical satellite imagery: accuracy improvement and quality assessment. Remote Sens. Environ., 112(10), 38063819 (doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2008.05.018)
Shangguan, D and 8 others (2005) Surging glacier found in Shaksgam River, Karakorum Mountains. J. Glaciol. Geocryol., 27(5), 641644 [in Chinese with English summary]
Shangguan, D, Liu, S, Ding, Y, Ding, L, Xu, J and Li, J (2009) Glacier changes during the last forty years in the Tarim Interior River basin, northwest China. Progr. Natur. Sci., 19(6), 727732 (doi: 10.1016/j.pnsc.2008.11.002)
Shi, Y, Liu, S, Ye, B, Liu, C and Wang, Z eds. (2008) Concise glacier inventory of China. Shanghai Popular Science Press, Shanghai
Solheim, A (1991) The depositional environment of surging sub-polar tidewater glaciers: a case study of the morphology, sedimentation and sediment properties in a surge-affected marine basin outside Nordaustlandet, northern Barents Sea. Nor. Polarinst. Skr. 194.
Strozzi, T, Luckman, A, Murray, T, Wegmuller, U and Werner, CL (2002) Glacier motion estimation using satellite-radar offset-tracking procedures. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 40(11), 2834–2391 (doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2002.805079)
Sturm, M (1987) Observations on the distribution and characteristics of potholes on surging glaciers. J. Geophys. Res., 92(B9), 90159022 (doi: 10.1029/JB092iB09p09015)
Sund, M, Eiken, T, Hagen, JO and Kaab, A (2009) Svalbard surge dynamics derived from geometric changes. Ann. Glaciol., 50(52), 5060 (doi: 10.3189/172756409789624265)
Tarr, RS and Martin, L (1914) Alaskan glacier studies of the National Geographic Society in the Yakutat Bay, Prince William Sound and Lower Copper River regions. National Geographic Society, Washington, DC
US Geological Survey (USGS) (2011) Landsat processing details. US Geological Survey, Reston, VA http://landsat.usgs.gov/Land-sat_Processing_Details.php
Yang, H and An, R eds. (1994) Glacier inventory of China VI. Kunlun Mountains (interior drainage area of Miran–Qarqan River). Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou [in Chinese]
Yang, J, Ding, Y, Liu, S, Lu, A and Chen, R (2003) Glacier change and its effect on surface runoff in the source regions of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers. J. Natur. Res., 18(5), 595602 [in Chinese with English summary]
Zhang, W (1992) Identification of glaciers with surge characteristics on the Tibetan Plateau. Ann. Glaciol., 16, 168172

The 2008/09 surge of central Yulinchuan glacier, northern Tibetan Plateau, as monitored by remote sensing

  • Wanqin Guo (a1), Shiyin Liu (a1), Junfeng Wei (a1) and Weijia Bao (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed