Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Géographies de la mobilisation et territoires de la belligérance durant la Premiére Guerre mondiale

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Olivier Compagnon
Affiliation:
Université Sorbonne Nouvelle – Paris 3 Institut des hautes études de l’Amérique latine / CREDA – UMR 7227
Pierre Purseigle
Affiliation:
University of Warwick, Department of History Trinity College Dublin, Centre for War Studies

Résumé

Prenant acte du fait que l’histoire globale de la Première Guerre mondiale n’en est encore qu’à ses balbutiements, cet article propose de « déseuropéaniser » l’historiographie du conflit en dépassant la dialectique des « centres » et des « périphéries » et en combinant les échelles spatiales de l’analyse. D’une part, il s’agit de déplacer le regard depuis les théâtres européens de la guerre vers des espaces communément considérés comme marginaux, mais dont l’éloignement de l’épicentre des combats n’empêcha pourtant pas qu’ils soient parcourus de tensions directement liées au conflit et qu’ils connaissent des mutations majeures entre 1914 et 1918. D’autre part, il convient également de placer la focale sur des objets de recherche tels que l’environnement, les ressources naturelles ou les diasporas, qui se prêtent particulièrement bien à des approches émancipées des cadres nationaux de la réflexion et permettent de restituer l’impact global de la Grande Guerre. De cette double démarche émergent ainsi les bases d’une nouvelle géographie des mobilisations et de la belligérance entre 1914 et 1918, susceptible de rendre compte du caractère authentiquement mondial que revêtit la Première Guerre mondiale et de la diversité des expériences vécues du conflit.

Abstract

Abstract

The global history of the First World War is still in its early stages. This article proposes to contribute to its development by “de-Europeanizing” the historiography of the conflict and suggesting some of the ways scholars can move beyond “centers” and “peripheries” to combine different spatial scales of analysis. First, it demonstrates the need to look beyond the European theatres of war and investigate battlefields hitherto deemed to be marginal: distance from—or the absence of—combat did not prevent the manifold impact and legacy of the war from being felt in many regions of the world. Second, it invites scholars to focus on elements such as the environment, natural resources, or diasporas, which make it possible to break out of a national framework of analysis and to do justice to the global impact of the Great War. This twofold approach underlines the value of a new geography of mobilization and belligerence that matches the diversity of experiences and the truly global dimensions of the First World War.

Type
Géographies de la Première Guerre mondiale
Copyright
Copyright © Les Éditions de l’EHESS 2016

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

1 Valery, Paul, Regards sur le monde actuel, Paris, Stock, Delamain et Boutelleau, 1931, p. 81 Google Scholar.

2 Winter, Jay M., «Catastrophe and Culture: Recent Trends in the Historiography of the First World War », The Journal of Modern History, 643, 1992, p. 525532 CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Prost, Antoine et Winter, Jay M., Penser la Grande Guerre. Un essai d’historiographie, Paris, Ed. du Seuil, 2004 Google Scholar.

3 Fukuyama, Francis, ?The End of History ? », The National Interest, 163, 1989, p. 318 Google Scholar.

4 Strachan, Hew, «The First World War as a Global War », First World War Studies, 11, 2010, p. 314 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

5 Casanova, Pascale, La République mondiale des Lettres, Paris, Ed. du Seuil, 1999 Google Scholar ; Joyeux-Prunel, Beatrice, Les avant-gardes artistiques, 1848-1918. Une histoire transnationale, Paris, Gallimard, 2015 Google Scholar.

6 Strachan, Hew, The First World War , vol. 1, To Arms, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001 Google Scholar ; Id., The First World War, Londres, Free, 2006.

7 Horne, John (dir.), A Companion to World War I, Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

8 Winter, Jay M. (ed.), The Cambridge History of the First World War, vol. 1, Global War, vol. 2, The State, vol. 3, Civil Society, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014 Google Scholar.

9 Bertrand, Romain, L’histoire à parts égales. Récits d’une rencontre Orient-Occident, XVIe-XVIIe siècle, Paris, Ed. du Seuil, 2011 Google Scholar.

10 Olivier Compagnon, ? Latin America ?, in J. M.Winter (ed.), The Cambridge History of First World War, op. cit., vol. 1, p. 533-555 ; Rinke, Stefan, Im Sog der Katastrophe. Lateinamerika und der Erste Weltkrieg, Francfort-sur-le-Main, Campus Verlag, 2015 Google Scholar ; voir aussi les nombreux articles et chapitres d’ouvrage de Maria Ines TATO, qui consacre ses recherches a la ville de Buenos Aires dans la conjoncture de la Grande Guerre, dont ? An Overseas Trench: Social Mobilization in Buenos Aires during the Great War ?, in Lakitsch, M., Reitmair-Juarez, S. et Seidel, K. (ed.), Bellicose Entanglements 1914: The Great War as a Global War, Zurich, Lit Verlag, 2015, p. 4359 Google Scholar.

11 Bailey, Jonathan, The First World War and the Birth of the Modern Style of Warfare, Camberley, Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 1996 Google Scholar ; Chickering, Roger et Forster, Stig (dir.), Great War, Total War: Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, 1914- 1918, Cambridge/Washington, Cambridge University Press/German Historical Institute, 2000 CrossRefGoogle Scholar ; Id., The Shadows of Total War: Europe, East Asia, and the United States, 1919-1939, Cambridge/Washington, Cambridge University Press/German Historical Institute, 2003.

12 Morrow, John H. Jr., The Great War: An Imperial History, Londres, Routledge, 2004 Google Scholar ; Hull, Isabel V., Absolute Destruction: Military Culture and the Practices of War in Imperial Germany, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 2005 Google Scholar ; Kramer, Alan, Dynamic of Destruction: Culture and Mass Killing in the First World War, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007 Google Scholar ; de Schaepdrijver, Sophie, «Military Occupation, Political Imaginations, and the First World War », First World War Studies, 41, 2013, p. 15 CrossRefGoogle Scholar ; Neitzel, Sonke, «Der historische Ort des Ersten Weltkrieges in der Gewaltgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts », Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, 6416/17, 2014, p. 1723 Google Scholar.

13 Burton, Antoinette, «Not Even Remotely Global ? Method and Scale in World History », History Workshop Journal, 64, 2007, p. 323328 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

14 Holquist, Peter, Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia’s Continuum of Crisis, 1914- 1921, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2002 Google Scholar ; Gerwarth, Robert et Horne, John (ed.), War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War, New York, Oxford University Press, 2012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar ; Nubel, Christoph, «NeuverMessungen der Gewaltgeschichte. Uber den ‘langen Ersten Weltkrieg’ (1900-1930) », Mittelweg 36, 241/2, 2015, p. 225248 Google Scholar.

15 Bloxham, Donald et Gerwarth, Robert (ed.), Political Violence in Twentieth-Century Europe, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

16 Tooze, Adam, The Deluge: The Great War and the Remaking of Global Order, 1916-1931, Londres, Allen Lane, 2014 Google Scholar.

17 Snyder, Timothy, Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin, New York, Basic Books, 2010 Google Scholar.

18 Nubel, Christoph, «Raumin derMilitargeschichte und Gewaltgeschichte. Probleme, Ergebnisse und neue Felder der Forschung », Militärgeschichtliche Zeitschrift, 732, 2014, p. 285307 Google Scholar.

19 Gaddis, John Lewis, The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past, New York, Oxford University Press, 2002 Google Scholar.

20 Foucault, Michel, ? Des espaces autres ?, Dits et écrits, 1954-1988, vol. 4, 1980- 1988, Paris, Gallimard, 1994, p. 752762 Google Scholar.

21 Ahmed, Sara, Queer Phenomenology: Orientations, Objects, Others, Durham, Duke University Press, 2006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

22 Crang, Mike et Thrift, Nigel (ed.), Thinking Space: Critical Geographies, Londres, Routledge, 2000 Google Scholar.

23 de Certeau, Michel, L’invention du quotidien , vol. 1, Arts de faire, Paris, Gallimard, 1990 Google Scholar.

24 Bourlet, Michael, «Les volontaires latino-americains dans l’armee francaise pendant la Premiere Guerre mondiale », Revue historique des armées, 255, 2009, p. 6878 Google Scholar ; Compagnon, Olivier et Rodriguez, Manuel, ? ‘Pour cette triple cause de la liberte, du droit et de la civilisation’ : le volontariat latino-americain dans l’armee francaise (1914- 1918) ?, colloque ? Se battre a l’etranger pour des idees. Volontariat arme international et politique, XVIIIe-XXIe siecles ?, Paris, 2012 Google Scholar.

25 Hughes, Matthew et Philpott, William J., The Palgrave Concise Historical Atlas of the First World War, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

26 Storey, William Kelleher, The First World War: A Concise Global History, Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, 2009 Google Scholar ; Sondhaus, Lawrence, World War I: The Global Revolution, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2011 Google Scholar.

27 Tuchman, Barbara W., The Zimmer Mann Telegram, New York, Dell Publishing, 1965 Google Scholar ; Katz, Friedrich, The Secret War in Mexico: Europe, the United States and the Mexican Revolution, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1981 Google Scholar ; Duran, Esperanza, Guerra y revolución. Las grandes potencias y México, 1914-1918, Mexico, El Colegio de Mexico, Centro de estudios internacionales, 1985 Google Scholar.

28 Gravil, Roger, «Argentina and the First World War », Revista de História, 54108, 1976, p. 385417 Google Scholar ; Madueno, Victor A., «La Primera Guerra Mundial y el desarrollo industrial del Peru », Estudios Andinos, 917/18, 1981, p. 4153 Google Scholar ; Couyoumdjian, Juan Ricardo, Chile y Gran Bretaña durante la Primera Guerra Mundial y la postguerra, 1914-1921, Santiago, Editorial Andres Bello/Ediciones Universidad Catolica de Chile, 1986 Google Scholar ; Albert, Bill et Henderson, Paul, South America and the First World War: The Impact of the War on Brazil, Argentina, Peru and Chile, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1988 CrossRefGoogle Scholar ; Bulmerthomas, Victor, La historia económica de América Latina desde la Independencia, Mexico, Fondo de cultura economica, 1998, chap. VI, p. 185228 Google Scholar ; Imiro, Marc Badia et Marin, Anna Carreras, «The First World War and Coal Trade Geography in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1890-1930 », Jahrbuch für Geschichte Lateinamerikas, 45, 2008, p. 369391 Google Scholar ; Dehne, Philip, On the Far Western Front: Britain’s First World War in South America, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2009 Google Scholar ; Notten, Frank, La influencia de la Primera Guerra Mundial sobre las economías centroamericanas, 1900-1929. Un enfoque desde el comercio exterior, San Jose, Centro de investigaciones historicas de America Central/ Universidad de Costa Rica, 2012 Google Scholar.

29 Pour le Mexique et l’Argentine, voir, d’une part, Ingrid Schulze Schneider, ?La propaganda alemana en Mexico durante la Primera Guerra Mundial ?, Anuario del Departamento de Historia, 5, 1993, p. 261-272, et, d’autre part, Tato, Maria Ines, ? Luring Neutrals: Allied and German Propaganda in Argentina during the First World War ?, in Paddock, T. R. E. (ed.), World War I and Propaganda, Leyde, Brill, 2014, p. 322344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

30 Les cas de l’Argentine, du Bresil et de l’Uruguay, qui ont accueilli l’immense majorite des flux migratoires en provenance d’Europe entre les annees 1870 et 1914, sont les mieux documentes : Luebke, Frederick C., Germans in Brazil: A Comparative History of Cultural Conflict during World War I, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 1987 Google Scholar ; Franzina, Emilio, «La guerra lontana. Il primo conflitto mondiale e gli italiani d’Argentina », Estudios migratorios latinoamericanos, 1544, 2000, p. 5784 Google Scholar, en particulier p. 66-73 ; Id., ? Italiani del Brasile ed italobrasiliani durante il Primo Conflitto Mondiale (1914-1918) ?, História. Debates e tendências, 5-1, 2004, p. 225-267 ; Cuenca, Alvaro, La colonia británica de Montevideo y la Gran Guerra, Montevideo, Torre del Vigia Editores, 2006 Google Scholar ; Otero, Hernan, La guerra en la sangre. Los Franco-Argentinos ante la Primera Guerra Mundial, Buenos Aires, Editorial Sudamericana, 2009 Google Scholar ; Tato, Maria Ines, «El llamado de la patria. Britanicos e Italianos residentes en la Argentina frente a la Primera Guerra Mundial », Estudios migratorios latinoamericanos, 2571, 2011, p. 273292 Google Scholar ; Id., ? Germanofilos versus aliadofilos. La colonia espanola de Buenos Aires frente a las polarizaciones de la Gran Guerra ?, in de Cristoforis, N. A. et Tato, M. I. (ed.), Las grandes guerras del siglo XX y la comunidad española de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Facultad de filosofia y letras de la universidad de Buenos Aires, 2015, p. 1543 Google Scholar.

31 Compagnon, Olivier, ? 1914-18: The Death Throes of Civilization. The Elites of Latin America face the Great War ?, in Macleod, J. et Purseigle, P. (ed.), Uncovered Fields: Perspectives in First World War Studies, Leyde, Brill, 2004, p. 279295 Google Scholar ; Maria Ines Tato, , ? The Latin American Intellectual Field in the Face of the First World War: An Initial Approach ?, in Pla, X., Fuentes, M. et Montero, F. (ed.), A Civil War of Words: The Cultural Impact of the Great War in Catalonia, Spain, Europe and a Glance to Latin America, Oxford, Peter Lang, 2015 Google Scholar.

32 Vivasgallardo, Freddy, «Venezuela y la Primera Guerra Mundial.De la neutralidad al compromiso (octubre 1914-marzo 1919) », Revista de la Facultad de ciencias jurídicas y políticas, 61, 1981, p. 113133 Google Scholar ; Rausch, Jane M., Colombia and World War I: The Experience of a Neutral Latin American Nation during the Great War and Its Aftermath, 1914-1921, Lanham, Lexington Books, 2014 Google Scholar ; Id., ?Venezuela’s Neutrality during the GreatWar: The Consolidation of the Gomez Dictatorship between 1914 and 1918 ?, The Latin Americanist, 59-1, 2015, p. 61-76 ; Orozco, Adriana Ortega et Robinet, Romain, «‘Nous les Latino- Americains, nous qui n’avons ni canons, ni cuirasses’. Les elites du Mexique revolutionnaire face a la Grande Guerre », Vingtième Siècle. Revue d’histoire, 1251, 2015, p. 105120 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

33 Leonhard, Jorn, Die Büchse der Pandora: Geschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, Munich, C. H. Beck, 2014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar.

34 Chakrabarty, Dipesh, Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2000 Google Scholar.

35 Arielli, Nir et Collins, Bruce (ed.), Transnational Soldiers: Foreign Military Enlistment in the Modern Era, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar ; Prezioso, Stefanie, « Les Italiens en France au prisme de l’engagement volontaire. Les raisons de l’enrolement dans la Grande Guerre (1914-1915) », Cahiers de la Méditerranée, 81, 2010, p. 147163 Google Scholar; Varnava, Andrekos, «The Politics and Imperialism of Colonial and Foreign Volunteer Legions during the Great War: Comparing Proposals for Cypriot, Armenian, and Jewish Legions », War in History, 223, 2015, p. 344363 CrossRefGoogle Scholar. Outre les volontaires, d’autres figures de passeurs transnationaux meritent aussi d’etre reevaluees, a l’instar des correspondants de guerre comme l’Argentin Roberto Payro (1867-1928) qui passa l’essentiel des annees du conflit a Bruxelles pour le quotidien La Nación : Roberto J. Payro, Corresponsal de guerra. Cartas, diarios, relatos (1907-1922), ed. par M. Vanbiesem de Burbridge, Buenos Aires, Editorial Biblos, 2009.

36 La Gran Guerra. Narrativas y vivencias colombianas en el fín de una era, catalogue d’exposition, Bogota, Instituto Caro y Cuervo, 2014, p. 106-107.

37 Abbenhuis, Maartje M., The Art of Staying Neutral: The Netherlands in the First World War, 1914-1918 , Amsterdam, Amsterdam University Press, 2006;Google Scholar Ahlund, Claes (ed.), Scandinavia in the First World War: Studies in the War Experience of the Northern Neutrals, Lund, Nordic Academic Press, 2012;Google Scholar Van Boom, Willem H., «The Great War and Dutch Contract Law: Resistance, Responsiveness and Neutrality », Comparative Legal History, 22, 2014, p. 303324;Google Scholar den Hertog, Johan et Kruizinga, Samuël (ed.), Caught in the Middle: Neutrals, Neutrality, and the First World War, Amsterdam, Aksant, 2011;Google Scholar Klinkert, Wim, Defending Neutrality: The Netherlands Prepares for War, 1900-1925, Leyde, Brill, 2013;Google Scholar Lettevall, Rebecka, Somsen, Geert et Widmalm, Sven (ed.), Neutrality in Twentieth-Century Europe: Intersections of Science, Culture, and Politics after the First World War, New York, Routledge, 2012;Google Scholar Moos, Carlo, ? Neutralite(s) suisse(s) a l’epoque de la Premiere Guerre mondiale. La mise en oeuvre difficile d’un concept controverse ?, in Rossfeld, R., Buomberger, T. et Kury, P. (ed.), 14/18, la Suisse et la Grande Guerre, Baden, Hier und Jetzt, 2014, p. 214239;Google Scholar Ines Tato, Maria, ? Neutralismos transatlanticos. Espana en el imaginario de los neutralistas argentinos durante la Primera Guerra Mundial ?, in Montero, A.Castro et de Cristoforis, N. (dir.), Entre Europa y América. Circulación de ideas y debates entre las dos guerras mundiales, Buenos Aires, Fundacion Ortega y Gasset Argentina, 2014, p. 4148.Google Scholar

38 Preuss, Lawrence, «The Concepts of Neutrality and NonBelligerency », Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 218, 1941, p. 97109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar Dans ce texte, L. Preuss offre une definition canonique de la neutralite qui ? comme statut de droit international peut donc etre definie comme la condition d’un Etat qui s’abstient de toute participation a une guerre et maintient une attitude d’impartialite dans ses rapports avec les pays Belligerants ? (p. 100).

39 Sur le cas du Bresil, allie traditionnel de Washington en Amerique latine depuis le debut du XXe siecle, qui entre en guerre le 26 octobre 1917, voir Francisco Luiz Teixeira Vinhosa, O Brasil e a Primeira Guerra Mundial. A diplomacia e as grandes potências, Rio de Janeiro, IBGE, 1990.

40 Voir, pour l’Espagne, Romero Salvado, Francisco J., Spain, 1914-1918: Between War and Revolution, Londres, Routledge, 1999;Google Scholar Fuentes Codera, Maximiliano, España en la Primera Guerra Mundial. Una movilización cultural, Madrid, Akal, 2014;Google Scholar et, pour l’Argentine, Ricardo WeinMann, Argentina en la Primera Guerra Mundial. Neutralidad, transición política y continuismo económico, Buenos Aires, Editorial Biblos/Fundacion Simon Rodriguez, 1994.

41 Boulanger, Philippe, La France devant la conscription. Géographie historique d’une institution républicaine, 1914-1922, Paris, Economica/Institut de strategie comparee, 2001.Google Scholar

42 Drieu, Cloe, «L’impact de la Premiere Guerre mondiale en Asie centrale. Des revoltes de 1916 aux enjeux politiques et scientifiques de leur historiographie », Histoire@ Politique, 221, 2014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar, https://www.cairn.info/revue-histoire-politique-2014-1-page-175.htm.

43 Sanborn, Joshua A., Imperial Apocalypse: The Great War and the Destruction of the Russian Empire, New York, Oxford University Press, 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

44 Gerwarth, Robert et Manela, Erez, «The Great War as a Global War: Imperial Conflict and the Reconfiguration of World Order, 1911-1923 », Diplomatic History, 384, 2014, p. 786800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

45 Moyd, Michelle R., Violent Intermediaries: African Soldiers, Conquest, and Everyday Colonialism in German East Africa, Athens, Ohio University Press, 2014.Google Scholar

46 Hobsbawm, Eric J., L’âge des extrêMes. Le court vingtième siècle, 1914-1991, Bruxelles, Ed. Complexe, 2000, p. 73.Google Scholar

47 Halpern, Paul G., A Naval History of World War I, Annapolis, Naval Institute Press, 1994;Google Scholar Lambert, Nicholas A., Planning Armageddon: British Economic Warfare and the First World War, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2012;CrossRefGoogle Scholar Sondhaus, Lawrence, The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

48 Bernede, Allain, «Verdun 1916 : un choix strategique, une equation logistique », Revue historique des armées, 242, 2006, p. 4859;Google Scholar Malcolm Brown, Ian, British Logistics on the Western Front, 1914-1919, Westport, Praeger, 1998;Google Scholar Roy, Kaushik, «From Defeat to Victory: Logistics of the Campaign in Mesopotamia, 1914-1918 », First World War Studies, 11, 2010, p. 3555;CrossRefGoogle Scholar Ulrichsen, Kristian Coates, The Logistics and Politics of the British Campaigns in the Middle East, 1914-22, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.Google Scholar

49 B.Albert et P.Henderson, South America and the First World War…, op. cit. ; Miguel Suarez BOSA, Atlantic Ports and the First Globalisation, c. 1850-1930, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014 ; Arndt Graf et Beng Huat Chua (ed.), Port Cities in Asia and Europe, Londres, Routledge, 2009 ; Olukoju, Ayodeji, The « Liverpool » of West Africa: The Dynamics and Impact of Maritime Trade in Lagos, 1900-1950, Trenton, Africa World Press, 2004.Google Scholar

50 Miller, Michael B., Europe and the Maritime World: A Twentieth-Century History, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

51 Berger, Suzanne, Notre première mondialisation. Leçons d’un échec oublié, trad. par Robert, R., Paris, Ed. du Seuil, 2003;Google Scholar Scheffer, Paul, Immigrant Nations, trad. Par Waters, L., Cambridge, Polity Press, [2007] 2011.Google Scholar

52 V. Bulmer-Thomas, La historia económica de América Latina…, op. cit.

53 Winter, Jay M. et Robert, Jean-Louis (ed.), Capital Cities at War: Paris, London, Berlin, 1914-1919, vol. I et vol. II, A Cultural History, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997 CrossRefGoogle Scholar et 2007 ; Davis, Belinda J., Home Fires Burning: Food, Politics, and Everyday Life in World War I Berlin, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 2000;Google Scholar Healy, Maureen, Vienna and the Fall of the Habsburg Empire: Total War and Everyday Life in World War I, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004;Google Scholar Chickering, Roger, The Great War and Urban Life in Germany: Freiburg, 1914-1918, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007;Google Scholar Julien, Elise, Paris, Berlin. La mémoire de la guerre, 1914-1933, Rennes, PUR, 2009;Google Scholar Cronier, Emmanuelle, Permissionnaires dans la Grande Guerre, Paris, Belin, 2013.Google Scholar

54 Becker, Jean-Jacques, 1914. Comment les Français sont entrés dans la guerre. Contribution à l’étude de l’opinion publique, printemps-été 1914, Paris, Presses de la FNSP, 1977;Google Scholar Verhey, Jeffrey, The Spirit of 1914: Militarism, Myth, and Mobilization in Germany, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000;CrossRefGoogle Scholar Gregory, Adrian, The Last Great War: British Society and the First World War, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar Rappelons que le paradigme de la ? culture de guerre ? a ete formule dans Audoinrouzeau, Stephane et Becker, Annette, «Vers une histoire culturelle de la Premiere Guerre mondiale », Vingtième Siècle. Revue d’histoire, 411, 1994, p. 58;Google Scholar et surtout dans Id., 14-18, retrouver la guerre, Paris, Gallimard, 2000.

55 Cornwall, Mark, ? The Experience of Yugoslav Agitation in Austria-Hungary, 1917-18 ?, in Cecil, H. et Liddle, P. H. (ed.), Facing Armageddon: The First World War Experienced, Londres, Pen and Sword Books, [1996] 1999, p. 656676;Google Scholar Id., The Undermining of Austria-Hungary: The Battle for Hearts and Minds, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2000 ; Cornwall, Mark (ed.), The Last Years of Austria-Hungary: Essays in Political and Military History, 1908-1918, Exeter, University of Exeter Press, 1990;Google Scholar Deak, Istvan, Beyond Nationalism: A Social and Political History of the Habsburg Officer Corps, 1848- 1918, New York, Oxford University Press, 1990;Google Scholar Deak, John, «The Great War and the Forgotten Realm: The Habsburg Monarchy and the First World War », The Journal of Modern History, 862, 2014, p. 336380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

56 Lohr, Eric, Nationalizing the Russian Empire: The Campaign against Enemy Aliens during World War I, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2003;Google Scholar Sanborn, Joshua A., Drafting the Russian Nation: Military Conscription, Total War, and Mass Politics, 1905-1925, DeKalb, Northern Illinois University Press, 2003;Google Scholar Stockdale, Melissa K., «‘My Death for the Motherland is Happiness’: Women, Patriotism, and Soldiering in Russia’s Great War, 1914-1917 », The American Historical Review, 1091, 2004, p. 78116;CrossRefGoogle Scholar Wilcox, Vanda, «‘Weeping Tears of Blood’: Exploring Italian Soldiers’ Emotions in the First World War », Modern Italy, 172, 2012, p. 171184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

57 Compagnon, Olivier, L’adieu à l’Europe. L’Amérique latine et la Grande Guerre, Argentine et Brésil, 1914-1939, Paris, Fayard, 2013.Google Scholar

58 Ce point a largement ete demontre lors du colloque ? Patriotic Cultures during the First World War ?, organise en 2014 par Boris Kolonitskii et Laura EngelStein a l’universite europeenne de Saint-Petersbourg. Voir aussi Langewiesche, Dieter, «Gefuhlsraum Nation. Eine Emotionsgeschichte der Nation, die Grenzen zwischen offentlichem und privatem Gefuhlsraum nicht einebnet », Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft, 151, 2012, p. 195215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

59 Stefan Goebel, ? Forging the Industrial Home Front: Iron-Nail Memorials in the Ruhr ?, et Pierre Purseigle, ? Beyond and below the Nations: Towards a Comparative History of Local Communities at War ?, in P. Purseigle et J.Macleod (ed.), Uncovered Fields…, op. cit., respectivement p. 159-178 et 95-123.

60 Billig, Michael, Banal Nationalism, Londres, Sage, 1995.Google Scholar

61 Purseigle, Pierre, Mobilisation, sacrifice, et citoyenneté. Angleterre-France, 1900-1918, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2013.Google Scholar

62 Burton, Antoinette (ed.), After the Imperial Turn: Thinking with and through the Nation, Durham, Duke University Press, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

63 Sur le retour des soldats et les questions soulevees par la demobilisation a la fois militaire et culturelle, voir John Horne (ed.), no special ? Demobilisations culturelles apres la Grande Guerre ?, 14-18. Aujourd’hui, Today, Heute, 5, 2002 ; Cabanes, Bruno, La victoire endeuillée. La sortie de guerre des soldats français, 1918-1920, Paris, Ed. du Seuil, 2004 ;Google Scholar Edele, Mark et Gerwarth, Robert, «The Limits of Demobilization: Global Perspectives on the Aftermath of the Great War », Journal of Contemporary History, 501, 2015, p. 314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

64 Baron, Nick et Gatrell, Peter (ed.), Homelands: War, Population and Statehood in Eastern Europe and Russia, 1918-1924, Londres, Anthem Press, 2004.Google Scholar

65 J. A. Sanborn, Imperial Apocalypse…, op. cit. ; Lohr, Eric, «The Russian Army and the Jews: Mass Deportation, Hostages, and Violence during World War I », The Russian Review, 603, 2001, p. 404419;CrossRefGoogle Scholar Lohr, Eric et Üngor, Uğur Ümit, «Economic Nationalism, Confiscation, and Genocide: A ComParison of the Ottoman and Russian Empires during World War I », Journal of Modern European History, 124, 2014, p. 500522.Google Scholar

66 Dominique Kirchner Reill, ? Rebel Law: Fiume/Rijeka and the Dissolution of the Habsburg Empire ?, communication presentee au seminaire d’histoire internationale de l’universite de Yale, 25 fevr. 2014.

67 Dewhurst Lewis, Mary, Divided Rule: Sovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881- 1938, Berkeley, University of California Press, 2013;CrossRefGoogle Scholar Id., ? Geographies of Power: The Tunisian Civic Order, Jurisdictional Politics, and Imperial Rivalry in the Mediterranean, 1881-1935 ?, The Journal of Modern History, 80-4, 2008, p. 791-830.

68 Fogarty, Richard S. et Killingray, David, «Demobilization in British and French Africa at the End of the First World War », Journal of Contemporary History, 501, 2015, p. 100123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

69 Dickinson, Frederick R., War and National Reinvention: Japan in the Great War, 1914- 1919, Cambridge, Harvard University Asia Center, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

70 Id., World War I and the Triumph of a New Japan, 1919-1930, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

71 Weitz, Eric D., Weimar Germany: Promise and Tragedy, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2007.Google Scholar

72 Dickinson, Frederick R., «Toward a Global Perspective of the Great War: Japan and the Foundations of a Twentieth-Century World », The American Historical Review, 1194, 2014, p. 11541183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

73 Sturfelt, Lina, Eldens återsken: första världskriget i svensk föreställningsvärld, Lund, Sekel, 2008.Google Scholar

74 Needell, Jeffrey D., A Tropical Belle Epoque: Elite Culture and Society in Turn-of-the- Century Rio de Janeiro, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1987.Google Scholar

75 F. C. Luebke, Germans in Brazil…, op. cit.; O. Compagnon, L’adieu à l’Europe…, op. cit.

76 Sur l’Amerique latine et la Societe des Nations, voir Fischer, Thomas, Die Souveränität der Schwachen. Lateinamerika und der Völkerbund, 1920-1936, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2012;Google Scholar McPherson, Alan et Wehrli, Yannick (ed.), Beyond Geopolitics: New Histories of Latin America at the League of Nations, Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 2015;Google Scholar Rhenan Segura, Jorge, La Sociedad de las Naciones y la política centroamericana, 1919-1939, San Jose, Euroamericana de Ediciones, 1993;Google Scholar Monserrat Llairo, Maria De et Siepe, Raimundo, Argentina en Europa. Yrigoyen y la Sociedad de las Naciones, 1918-1920, Buenos Aires, Macchi, 1997;Google Scholar Garcia, Eugenio Vargas, O Brasil e a Liga das Nações, 1919-1926. Vencer ou não perder, Porto Alegre, Editora da universidade federal do Rio Grande do Sul, 2000.Google Scholar

77 Selon l’expression de l’historien bresilien Antonio Pedro TOTA, O imperialismo sedutor. A americanização do Brasil na época da Segunda Guerra, Sao Paulo, Companhia das Letras, 2000.

78 Kern, Stephen, The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2003.Google Scholar

79 Kuhne, Thomas, «Colonialism and the Holocaust: Continuities, Causations, and Complexities », Journal of Genocide Research, 153, 2013, p. 339362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 35 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 27th January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-898fc554b-gwqw7 Total loading time: 0.788 Render date: 2021-01-27T04:43:37.653Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Géographies de la mobilisation et territoires de la belligérance durant la Premiére Guerre mondiale
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Géographies de la mobilisation et territoires de la belligérance durant la Premiére Guerre mondiale
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Géographies de la mobilisation et territoires de la belligérance durant la Premiére Guerre mondiale
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *