In this revision of the 25 French Protonemura, two new taxa are described : P. zhiltzovae sp. n. and P. ausonia padana ssp. n. Moreover, P. spinulosa (Navás 1921) is restored to the species level. Affinities, etymology, ecology and distribution are commented on for each species. Identification keys and drawings are given for males and females. Finally, Protonemura distributions within the main French mountainous massifs are discussed.