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A heterotrophic nanoflagellate grazing on the toxic Cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 April 2009

Cui Yan
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Life Sciences College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
Jian-Hong Li
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Life Sciences College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
Ju-Jiao Li
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Life Sciences College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
Jin Wang
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Life Sciences College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
Yong-Ping Weng
Affiliation:
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biodiversity and Biotechnology, Life Sciences College, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China
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Abstract

Cyanobacterial blooms cause extensive ecological damages in aquatic environments. Heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF) play an important role in controlling the populations of cyanobacteria in natural water bodies. In this study, we report a HNF, NF-WJ05, which grazes efficiently on the toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa strain PCC 7806. The morphological characteristics of the nanoflagellate observed by optical microscope and confocal microscope showed that NF-WJ05 could be a Paraphysomonas. The sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of rDNA including the 5.8S rDNA region was determined and compared with sequences available in databases. The 5.8S rDNA sequence showed a high degree of similarity to those belonging to species of Chromophyta. However, sequences similar to that of its ITS were not found in the databases. Several environmental factors affecting the grazing efficiency of NF-WJ05 on cyanobacteria were evaluated. The more suitable conditions for grazing were 30°C and pH 5.0 with stirring. Ammonia inhibited the grazing, whereas low concentrations of phenol increased the grazing rate with an optimal concentration at 50 µg.L-1.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© EDP Sciences, 2009

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