Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Review: Nutritional ecology of heavy metals

  • M. Hejna (a1), D. Gottardo (a1), A. Baldi (a1), V. Dell’Orto (a1), F. Cheli (a1), M. Zaninelli (a2) and L. Rossi (a1)...

Abstract

The aim of this review is to focus the attention on the nutrition ecology of the heavy metals and on the major criticisms related to the heavy metals content in animal feeds, manure, soil and animal-origin products. Heavy metals are metallic elements that have a high density that have progressively accumulated in the food chain with negative effects for human health. Some metals are essential (Fe, I, Co, Zn, Cu, Mn, Mo, Se) to maintain various physiological functions and are usually added as nutritional additives in animal feed. Other metals (As, Cd, F, Pb, Hg) have no established biological functions and are considered as contaminants/undesirable substances. The European Union adopted several measures in order to control their presence in the environment, as a result of human activities such as: farming, industry or food processing and storage contamination. The control of the animal input could be an effective strategy to reduce human health risks related to the consumption of animal-origin products and the environmental pollution by manure. Different management of raw materials and feed, animal species as well as different legal limits can influence the spread of heavy metals. To set up effective strategies against heavy metals the complex interrelationships in rural processes, the widely variability of farming practices, the soil and climatic conditions must be considered. Innovative and sustainable approaches have discussed for the heavy metal nutrition ecology to control the environmental pollution from livestock-related activities.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Review: Nutritional ecology of heavy metals
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Review: Nutritional ecology of heavy metals
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Review: Nutritional ecology of heavy metals
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Alfthan, G, Eurola, M, Ekholm, P, Venäläinen, ER, Root, T, Korkalainen, K, Hartikainen, H, Salminen, P, Hietaniemi, V, Aspila, P and Aro, A 2015. Effects of nationwide addition of selenium to fertilizers on foods, and animal and human health in Finland: from deficiency to optimal selenium status of the population. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 31, 142147.
Ali, H, Khan, E and Anwar Sajad, M 2013. Phytoremediation of heavy metals – concepts and applications. Chemosphere 91, 869881.
Aragay, G, Pons, J and Merkoçi, A 2011. Recent trends in macro-, micro-, and nanomaterial-based tools and strategies for heavy-metal detection. Chemical Reviews 111, 34333458.
Belon, E, Boisson, M, Deportes, IZ, Eglin, TK, Feix, I, Bispo, AO, Galsomies, L, Leblond, S and Guellier, CR 2012. An inventory of trace elements inputs to French agricultural soils. Science of the Total Environment 439, 8795.
Bhargava, A, Carmona, FF, Bhargava, M and Srivastava, S 2012. Approaches for enhanced phytoextraction of heavy metals. The Journal of Environmental Management 105, 103120.
Cheli, F, Pinotti, L, Rossi, L and Dell’Orto, V 2013. Effect of milling procedures on mycotoxin distribution in wheat fractions: A review. Food Science and Technology 54, 307314.
Collins, J, Prohaska, JR and Knutson, MD 2010. Metabolic crossroads of iron and cooper. Nutrition reviews 68, 133177.
Dai, SY, Jones, B, Lee, K-M, Li, W, Post, L and Herrman, TJ 2016. Heavy metal contamination of animal feed in Texas. Journal of Regulatory Science 01, 2132.
Duruibe, JO, Ogwuegbu, MOC and Egwurugwu, JN 2007. Heavy metal pollution and human biotoxic effects. International Journal of Physical Sciences 2, 112118.
EFSA 2009. Annual report 2009. Committed to ensuring that Europe’s food is safe. EFSA Journal 1–72.
EFSA 2010. Annual report 2010. Committed to ensuring that Europe’s food is safe. EFSA Journal 1–68.
EFSA 2015. The European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2014. EFSA Journal 15, 4694.
Erakhrumen, AA 2007. Phytoremediation: an environmentally sound technology for pollution prevention, control and remediation in developing countries. Educational Research and Review Vol 2, 151156.
Eu, I, Yang, XE, He, ZL and Mahmood, Q 2007. Assessing potential dietary toxicity of heavy metals in selected vegetables and food crops. Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 8, 113.
Faridullah, F, Pervaiz, A, Irshad, M, Alam, A, Mahmood, Q and Ashraf, M 2014. Trace elements characterization in fresh and composted livestock manures. The Journal of Hydrology 1, 16.
Fink-Gremmels, J 2012. Animal feed contamination. Effects on livestock and food safety. Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Cambridge, UK.
Food Safety Authority of Ireland 2009. Mercury, lead, cadmium, tin and arsenic in food. Toxicology factsheet series nr 1, 113.
García-Vaquero, M, Lopez-Alonso, M, Benedito, JL, Hernandez, J, Gutiérrez, B and Miranda, M 2011. Influence of Cu supplementation on toxic and essential trace element status in intensive reared beef cattle. Food and Chemical Toxicology 49, 33583366.
Gerber, PJ, Uwizeye, UA, Schulte, RPO, Opio, CI and Boer de, IJM 2014. Nutrient use efficiency: a valuable approach to benchmark the sustainability of nutrient use in global livestock production. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability Vol. 9–10, 122130.
Giromini, C, Rebucci, R, Fusi, E, Rossi, L, Saccone, F and Baldi, A 2016. Cytotoxicity, apoptosis, DNA damage and methylation in mammary and kidney epithelial cell lines exposed to ochratoxin. Cell Biology and Toxicology 32, 249258.
Govind, P and Madhuri, S 2014. Heavy metals causing toxicity in animals and fishers. Research Journal of Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences Vol. 2, 1723.
Gul, S, Naz, A, Fareed, I, Khan, A and Irshad, M 2015. Speciation of heavy metals during co-composting of livestock manure. Polish Journal of Chemical Technology 17, 1923.
Hambidge, M 2003. Biomarkers of trace mineral intake and status. The Journal of Nutrition 133, 948955.
He, ZL, Yanga, XE and Stoffell, PJ 2005. Trace elements in agroecosystems and impacts on the environment. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 19, 125140.
Ingelmo, F, Molina, MJ, Desamparados Soriano, M, Gallardo, A and Lapeña, L 2012. Influence of organic matter transformations on the bioavailability of heavy metals in a sludge based compost. The Journal of Environmental Management 95, 104109.
Jaishankar, M, Tseten, T, Anbalagan, N, Mathew, BB and Beeregowda, KN 2014. Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals. Interdisciplinary Toxicology. 7, 6072.
Jakubus, M, Dach, J and Starmans, D 2013. Bioavailability of copper and zinc in pig and cattle slurries. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 22, 9951002.
Jarup, L 2003. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. British Medical Bulletin 68, 167182.
Kochare, T and Tamir, B 2015. Assessment of dairy feeds for heavy metals. The American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences 11, 2031.
Lone, MI, He, Z, Stoffella, PJ and Yang, X 2008. Phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted soils and water: progresses and perspectives. Journal of Zhejiang University 9, 210220.
Lopez-Alonso, M 2012a. Trace minerals and livestock: not too much not too little. ISRN Veterinary Science 12, 118.
Lopez-Alonso, M, Garcia-Vaquero, M, Benedito, JL, Castillo, C and Miranda, M 2012b. Trace mineral status and toxic metal accumulation in extensive and intensive pigs in NW Spain. Livestock Science 146, 4753.
Luo, L, Maa, Y, Zhang, S, Wei, D and Zhu, Y-G 2009. An inventory of trace element inputs to agricultural soils in China. The Journal of Environmental Management 90, 25242530.
Maric, M, Antonijevic, M and Alagic, S 2013. The investigation of the possibility for using some wild and cultivated plants as hyperaccumulators of heavy metals from contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 20, 11811188.
Medardus, JJ, Molla, BZ, Nicol, M, Morrow, M, Rajala-Schultz, P, Kazwala, R and Gebreyes, WA 2014. In-feed use of heavy metal micronutrients in U.S. swine production systems and its role in persistence of multidrug-resistant Salmonellae. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 80, 23172325.
Mohammed, AI, Kolo, B and Geidam, YA 2013. Heavy metals in selected tissues of adult chicken layers (Gallus spp). ARPN Journal of Science and Technology 3, 518522.
Mukhopadhyay, S and Maiti, SK 2010. Phytoremediation of metal enriched mine waste: a review. Global Journal of Environmental Research 4, 135150.
Nicholson, FA, Smith, SR, Allowayc, BJ, Carlton-Smithd, C and Chambersa, BJ 2003. An inventory of heavy metals inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales. Science of the Total Environment 311, 205219.
Nnaji, JC, Uzairu, A, Gimba, C and Kagbu, JA 2011. Heavy metal risks in integrated chicken-fish farming. Journal of Applied Sciences 11, 20922099.
National Research Council 2000. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, 7th revised edition. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
National Research Council 2012. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle, 7th revised edition. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Petersen, SO, Sommer, SG, Béline, F, Burton, C, Dach, J, Dourmad, JY, Leip, A, Misselbrook, T, Nicholson, F, Poulsen, HD, Provolo, G, Sørensen, P, Vinnerås, B, Weiske, A, Bernal, M-P, Böhm, R, Juhász, C and Mihelic, R 2007. Recycling of livestock manure in a whole-farm perspective. Livestock Science. 112, 180191.
Pilon-Smits, E 2005. Phytoremediation. Annual Review of Plant Biology 56, 1539.
Polen, T and Voia, OS 2015. Copper effect of feed supplementation on growth performance in fattening pigs. Journal of Animal Science 48, 2830.
Qiu, YW, Lin, D, Liu, JQ and Zeng, EY 2011. Bioaccumulation of trace metals in farmed fish from South China and potential risk assessment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74, 284293.
Radu-Rusu, CG, Pop, IM, Albu, A, Bologa, M and Radu-Rusu, RM 2013. Transferability of certain heavy metals from hens to table eggs laid within different rearing systems. Lucrări Ştiinţifice-Seria Zootehnie 59, 218222.
Rafati, M, Khorasani, N, Moattar, F, Shirvany, A, Moraghebi, F and Hosseinzadeh, S 2011. Phytoremediation potential of Populus alba and Morus alba for cadmium, chromuim and nickel absorption from polluted soil. International Journal of Environmental Research 5, 961970.
Raubenheimer, D, Simpson, SJ and Mayntz, D 2009. Nutrition, ecology and nutritional ecology: toward an integrated framework. Functional Ecology. 23, 416.
Rehman, Ur K, Andleeb, S, Mahmood, A, Bukhari, SM, Naeem, MM and Yousaf, K 2012. Assessment of heavy metals in different tissues of broilers and domestic layers. Global Veterinaria 9, 3237.
Rossi, L, Dell’Orto, V, Vagni, S, Sala, V, Reggi, S and Baldi, A 2014a. Protective effect of oral administration of transgenic tobacco seeds against verocytotoxic Escherichia coli strain in piglets. Veterinary Research Communications 38, 3949.
Rossi, L, Di Giancamillo, A, Reggi, S, Domeneghini, C, Baldi, A, Sala, V, Dell’Orto, V, Coddens, A, Cox, E and Fogher, C 2013. Expression of verocytotoxic Escherichia coli antigens in tobacco seeds and evaluation of gut immunity after oral administration in mouse model. Journal of Veterinary Sciences 14, 263270.
Rossi, L, Fusi, E, Boglioni, M, Giromini, C, Rebucci, R and Baldi, A 2014b. Effect of Zinc oxide and Zinc chloride on human and swine intestinal epithelial cell lines. International Journal of Health. Animal Science and Food Safety 2, 17.
Rossi, L, Pinotti, L, Agazzi, A, Dell’Orto, V and Baldi, A 2014c. Plant bioreactors for the antigenic hook-associated flgK protein expression. Italian Journal of Animal Science 13, 2329 (b).
Sales, J 2013. Effects of pharmacological concentrations of dietary zinc oxide on growth of post-weaning pigs: a meta-analysis. Biological Trace Element Research 152, 343349.
Sakakibara, M, Ohmori, Y, Ha, NTH, Sano, S and Sera, K 2011. Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated water and sediment by Eleocharis acicularis. Clean:Soil, Air, Water 39, 735741.
Shabani, N and Sayadi, MH 2012. Evaluation of heavy metals accumulation by two emergent macrophytes from the polluted soil: an experimental study. Environmentalist. 32, 9198.
Suleiman, N, Ibitoye, EB, Jimoh, AA and Sani, ZA 2015. Assessment of heavy metals in chicken feeds available in Sokoto, Nigeria. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Sciences 13, 1721.
Suttle, NF 2010. Mineral Nutrition of Livestock, 4th Edition. Cabi, Oxfordshire, UK.
Tchounwou, PB, Yedjou, CG, Patlolla, AK and Sutton, DJ 2012. Heavy metals toxicity and the environment. Experimental Neurology 101, 133164.
Thangavel, P and Subbhuraam, C 2004. Phytoextraction: role of hyperaccumulators in metal contaminated soils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Part B 70, 109130.
Theron, AJ, Tintinger, GR and Anderson, R 2012. Harmful interactions of non-essential heavy metals with cells of the innate immune system. Clinical Toxicology 110.
Thirulogachandar, AME, Rajeswari, M and Ramya, S 2014. Assessment of heavy metals in Gallus and their impact on human. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 4, 18.
Van Aken, B 2009. Transgenic plants for enhanced phytoremediation of toxic explosives. Current Opinion Biotechnology 20, 231236.
Walk, CL, Wilcock, P and Magowan, E 2015. Evaluation of the effects of pharmacological zinc oxide and phosphorus source on weaned piglet growth performance, plasma minerals and mineral digestibility. Animal 9, 11451152.
Wang, H, Dong, Y, Yang, YS, Toor, G and Zhang, X 2013. Changes in heavy metal contents in animal feeds and manures in an intensive animal production region of China. Journal of Environmental Sciences 25, 24352442.
Wuana, RA and Okieimen, FE 2011. Heavy metals in contaminated soils: a review of sources, chemistry, risks and best available strategies for remediation. ISRN Ecology 2011, 1–20.
Zaninelli, M, Rossi, L, Costa, A, Tangorra, FM, Agazzi, A and Savoini, G 2015. Monitoring of goats’ health status by on-line analysis of milk electrical conductivity [Monitoraggio dello stato di salute delle capre attraverso l’analisi on-line della conducibilità elettrica del latte]. Large Animal Review 21, 8186.
Zhang, F, Li, Y, Yang, M and Li, W 2012. Content of heavy metals in animal feeds and manures from farms of different scales in northeast China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9, 26582668.

Keywords

Review: Nutritional ecology of heavy metals

  • M. Hejna (a1), D. Gottardo (a1), A. Baldi (a1), V. Dell’Orto (a1), F. Cheli (a1), M. Zaninelli (a2) and L. Rossi (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed