Abe, F, Ishibashi, N, Shimamura, S 1995. Effect of administration of bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria to newborn calves and piglets. Journal of Dairy Science 78, 2838–2846.
Adin, G, Gelman, A, Solomon, R, Flamenbaum, I, Nikbachat, M, Yosef, E, Zenou, A, Shamay, A, Feuermann, Y, Mabjeesh, SJ, Miron, J 2009. Effects of cooling dry cows under heat load conditions on mammary gland enzymatic activity, intake of food and water, and performance during the dry period and after parturition. Livestock Science 124, 189–195.
Andreoli, KM, Minton, JE, Spire, MF, Schalles, RR 1988. Influence of prepartum exposure of beef heifers to winter weather on concenterations of plasma energy-yielding substrates, serum hormones and birth-weight of calves. Theriogenology 29, 631–642.
Arnott, G, Roberts, D, Rooke, JA, Turner, SP, Lawrence, AB, Rutherford, KMD 2012. Board invited review: the importance of the gestation period for welfare of calves: maternal stressors and difficult births. Journal of Animal Science 90, 5021–5034.
Bailey, MT, Lubach, GR, Coe, CL 2004. Prenatal stress alters bacterial colonization of the gut in infant monkeys. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 38, 414–421.
Barbazanges, A, Piazza, PV, Le Moal, M, Maccari, S 1996. Maternal glucocorticoid secretion mediates long-term effects of prenatal stress. Journal of Neuroscience 16, 3943–3949.
Barker, DJP, Godfrey, KM, Gluckman, PD, Harding, JE, Owens, JA, Robinson, JS 1993. Foetal nutrition and cardiovascular disease in adult life. The Lancet 341, 938–941.
Barrington, GM, McFadden, TB, Huyler, MT, Besser, TE 2001. Regulation of colostrogenesis in cattle. Livestock Production Science 70, 95–104.
Bate, LA, Hacker, RR 1985a. The influence of environmental temperature during late gestation and soon after birth on IgG absorption by newborn piglet. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 65, 87–93.
Bate, LA, Hacker, RR 1985b. The influence of the sow's adrenal activity on the ability of the piglet to absorb IgG from colostrum. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 65, 77–85.
Bate, LA, Ireland, W, Connell, BJ, Grimmelt, B 1991. Development of the small intestine of piglets in response to prenatal elevation of glucocorticoids. Histology and Histopathology 6, 207–216.
Bates, RO, Edwards, DB, Korthals, RL 2003. Sow performance when housed either in groups with electronic sow feeders or stalls. Livestock Production Science 79, 29–35.
Baxter, EM, Jarvis, S, Palarea-Albaladejo, J, Edwards, SA 2012. The weaker sex? The propensity for male-biased piglet mortality. PLoS One 7, e30318.
Bleul, U 2011. Risk factors and rates of perinatal and postnatal mortality in cattle in Switzerland. Livestock Science 135, 257–264.
Boyle, LA, Leonard, FC, Lynch, PB, Brophy, P 2002. The influence of housing system on skin lesion scores, behaviour and responses to an ACTH challenge in pregnant gilts. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research 41, 181–200.
Braastad, BO 1998. Effects of prenatal stress on behaviour of offspring of laboratory and farmed animals. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 61, 159–180.
Braun, T, Li, SF, Sloboda, DM, Li, W, Audette, MC, Moss, TJM, Matthews, SG, Polglase, G, Nitsos, I, Newnham, JP, Challis, JRG 2009. Effects of maternal dexamethasone treatment in early pregnancy on pituitary–adrenal axis in foetal sheep. Endocrinology 150, 5466–5477.
Broom, DM, Mendl, MT, Zanella, AJ 1995. A comparison of the welfare of sows in different housing conditions. Animal Science 61, 369–385.
Brüssow, K-P, Schneider, F, Kanitz, E, Otten, W, Tuchscherer, M 2005. Alteration of reproductive hormone levels in pregnant sows induced by repeated ACTH application and its possible influence on pre- and post-natal hormone secretion of piglets. Journal of Reproduction and Development 51, 133–142.
Class, QA, Lichtenstein, P, Langstrom, N, D'Onofrio, BM 2011. Timing of prenatal maternal exposure to severe life events and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population study of 2.6 million pregnancies. Psychosomatic Medicine 73, 234–241.
Coe, LC, Lubach, GR, karaszewski, JW, Ershler, WB 1996. Prenatal endocrine activation alters postnatal cellular immunity in infant monkeys. Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity 10, 221–234.
Collier, CT, Williams, PN, Carroll, JA, Welsh, TH Jr, Laurenz, JC 2011. Effect of maternal restraint stress during gestation on temporal lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroendocrine and immune responses of progeny. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 40, 40–50.
Collier, RJ, Doelger, SG, Head, HH, Thatcher, WW, Wilcox, CJ 1982. Effects of heat stress during pregnancy on maternal hormone concentrations, calf birth weight and postpartum milk yield of Holstein cows. Journal of Animal Science 54, 309–319.
Cooke, RF, Bohnert, DW, Cappellozza, BI, Mueller, CJ, DelCurto, T 2012. Effects of temperament and acclimation to handling on reproductive performance of Bos taurus beef females. Journal of Animal Science 90, 3547–3555.
Couret, D, Jamin, A, Kuntz-Simon, G, Prunier, A, Merlot, E 2009a. Maternal stress during late gestation has moderate but long-lasting effects on the immune system of the piglets. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 131, 17–24.
Couret, D, Otten, W, Puppe, B, Prunier, A, Merlot, E 2009b. Behavioural, endocrine and immune responses to repeated social stress in pregnant gilts. Animal 3, 118–127.
Couret, D, Prunier, A, Mounier, AM, Thomas, F, Oswald, IP, Merlot, E 2009c. Comparative effects of a prenatal stress occurring during early or late gestation on pig immune response. Physiology & Behavior 98, 498–504.
Coussons-Read, ME, Okun, ML, Nettles, CD 2007. Psychosocial stress increases inflammatory markers and alters cytokine production across pregnancy. Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity 21, 343–350.
Cronin, GM, Simpson, GJ, Hemsworth, PH 1996. The effects of the gestation and farrowing environments on sow and piglet behaviour and piglet survival and growth in early lactation. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 46, 175–192.
D'Eath, RB, Tolkamp, BJ, Kyriazakis, I, Lawrence, AB 2009. ‘Freedom from hunger’ and preventing obesity: the animal welfare implications of reducing food quantity or quality. Animal Behaviour 77, 275–288.
Dauby, N, Goetghebuer, T, Kollmann, TR, Levy, J, Marchant, A 2012. Uninfected but not unaffected: chronic maternal infections during pregnancy, foetal immunity, and susceptibility to postnatal infections. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 12, 330–340.
de Groot, J, Kranendonk, G, Fillerup, M, Hopster, H, Boersma, WJA, Hodgson, D, Van Reenen, CG, Taverne, M 2007. Response to LPS in female offspring from sows treated with cortisol during pregnancy. Physiology & Behavior 90, 612–618.
De Leeuw, JA, Ekkel, ED 2004. Effects of feeding level and the presence of a foraging substrate on the behaviour and stress physiological response of individually housed gilts. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 86, 15–25.
Denis, M, Henrique, E, Chidaine, B, Tircot, A, Bougeard, S, Fravalo, P 2011. Campylobacter from sows in farrow-to-finish pig farms: risk indicators and genetic diversity. Veterinary Microbiology 154, 163–170.
Devillers, N, Le Dividich, J, Prunier, A 2011. Influence of colostrum intake on piglet survival and immunity. Animal 5, 1605–1612.
do Amaral, BC, Connor, EE, Tao, S, Hayen, MJ, Bubolz, JW, Dahl, GE 2011. Heat stress abatement during the dry period influences metabolic gene expression and improves immune status in the transition period of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94, 86–96.
Farmer, C, Quesnel, H 2009. Nutritional, hormonal, and environmental effects on colostrum in sows. Journal of Animal Science 87, 56–65.
Foisnet, A, Farmer, C, David, C, Quesnel, H 2010. Relationships between colostrum production by primiparous sows and sow physiology around parturition. Journal of Animal Science 88, 1672–1683.
Fowden, AL, Giussani, DA, Forhead, AJ 2006. Intrauterine programming of physiological systems: causes and consequences. Physiology 21, 29–37.
Götz, AA, Wolf, M, Stefanski, V 2008. Psychosocial maternal stress during pregnancy: effects on reproduction for F0 and F1 generation laboratory rats. Physiology & Behavior 93, 1055–1060.
Harris, MJ, Pajor, EA, Sorrells, AD, Eicher, SD, Richert, BT, Marchant-Forde, JN 2006. Effects of stall or small group gestation housing on the production, health and behaviour of gilts. Livestock Science 102, 171–179.
Haussmann, MF, Carroll, JA, Weesner, GD, Daniels, MJ, Matteri, RL, Lay, DC 2000. Administration of ACTH to restrained, pregnant sows alters their pigs’ hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. Journal of Animal Science 78, 2399–2411.
Hemsworth, PH 2003. Human–animal interactions in livestock production. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 81, 185–198.
Hemsworth, PH, Pedersen, V, Cox, M, Cronin, GM, Coleman, GJ 1999. A note on the relationship between the behavioural response of lactating sows to humans and the survival of their piglets. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 65, 43–52.
Hennessy, DP, Coghlan, JP, Hardy, KJ, Scoggins, BA, Wintour, EM 1982. The origin of cortisol in the blood of foetal sheep. Journal of Endocrinology 95, 71–79.
Hild, S, Coulon, M, Schroeer, A, Andersen, IL, Zanella, AJ 2011. Gentle vs. aversive handling of pregnant ewes: I. Maternal cortisol and behaviour. Physiology & Behavior 104, 384–391.
Holladay, SD, Smialowicz, RJ 2000. Development of the murine and human immune system: differential effects of immunotoxicants depend on time of exposure. Environmental Health Perspectives 108, 463–474.
Holsapple, MP, West, LJ, Landreth, KS 2003. Species comparison of anatomical and functional immune system development. Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology 68, 321–334.
Hulbert, LE, McGlone, JJ 2006. Evaluation of drop versus trickle-feeding systems for crated or group-penned gestating sows. Journal of Animal Science 84, 1004–1014.
Jarvis, S, Moinard, C, Robson, SK, Baxter, E, Ormandy, E, Douglas, AJ, Seckl, JR, Russell, JA, Lawrence, AB 2006. Programming the offspring of the pig by prenatal social stress: neuroendocrine activity and behaviour. Hormones and Behaviour 49, 68–80.
Jones, CT, Gu, W 1986. The effect of elevation of maternal plasma catecholamines on the fetus and placenta of the pregnant sheep. Journal of Developmental Physiology 8, 173–186.
Kapoor, A, Matthews, SG 2005. Short periods of prenatal stress affect growth, behaviour and hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenal axis activity in male guinea pig offspring. Journal of Physiology – London 566, 967–977.
Karlen, GAM, Hemsworth, PH, Gonyou, HW, Fabrega, E, Strom, AD, Smits, RJ 2007. The welfare of gestating sows in conventional stalls and large groups on deep litter. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 105, 87–101.
Klein, SL, Rager, DR 1995. Prenatal stress alters immune function in the offspring of rats. Developmental Psychobiology 28, 321–336.
Klemcke, HG, Christenson, RK 1996. Porcine placental 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. Biology of Reproduction 55, 217–223.
Klemcke, HG, McGuire, WJ, Christenson, RK 1995. Initiation of adrenal function in embryonic swine. Biology of Reproduction 52, 163–163.
Kranendonk, G, Hopster, H, Fillerup, M, Ekkel, ED, Mulder, EJH, Wiegant, VM, Taverne, M 2006. Lower birth weight and attenuated adrenocortical response to ACTH in offspring from sows that orally received cortisol during gestation. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 30, 218–238.
Kranendonk, G, Hopster, H, van Eerdenburg, F, Van Reenen, CG, Fillerup, M, de Groot, J, Korte, M, Taverne, M 2005. Evaluation of oral administration of cortisol as a model for prenatal stress in pregnant sows. American Journal of Veterinary Research 66, 780–790.
Lacetera, N, Bernabucci, U, Ronchi, B, Scalia, D, Nardone, A 2002. Moderate summer heat stress does not modify immunological parameters of Holstein dairy cows. International Journal of Biometeorology 46, 33–37.
Lay, DC, Kattesh, HG, Cunnick, JE, Daniels, MJ, McMunn, KA, Toscano, MJ, Roberts, MP 2008. Prenatal stress effects on pig development and response to weaning. Journal of Animal Science 86, 1316–1324.
Lay, DC, Randel, RD, Friend, TH, Jenkins, OC, Neuendorff, DA, Bushong, DM, Lanier, EK, Bjorge, MK 1997a. Effects of prenatal stress on suckling calves. Journal of Animal Science 75, 3143–3151.
Lay, DC, Kattesh, HG, Cunnick, JE, Daniels, MJ, Kranendonk, G, McMunn, KA, Toscano, MJ, Roberts, MP 2011. Effect of prenatal stress on subsequent response to mixing stress and a lipopolysaccharide challenge in pigs. Journal of Animal Science 89, 1787–1794.
Lay, DC, Randel, RD, Friend, TH, Carroll, JA, Welsh, TH, Jenkins, OC, Neuendorff, DA, Bushong, DM, Kapp, GM 1997b. Effects of prenatal stress on the foetal calf. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 14, 73–80.
Le Floc'h, N, Gondret, F, Matte, JJ, Quesnel, H 2012. Towards amino acid recommendations for specific physiological and patho-physiological states in pigs. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 71, 425–432.
Llorente, E, Brito, ML, Machado, P, González, MC 2002. Effect of prenatal stress on the hormonal response to acute and chronic stress and on immune parameters in the offspring. Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry 58, 143–150.
Lordi, B, Patin, V, Protais, P, Mellier, D, Caston, J 2000. Chronic stress in pregnant rats: effects on growth rate, anxiety and memory capabilities of the offspring. International Journal of Psychophysiology 37, 195–205.
Machado-Neto, R, Graves, CN, Curtis, SE 1987. Immunoglobulins in piglets from sows heat-stressed prepartum. Journal of Animal Science 65, 445–455.
Maunsell, FP, Morin, DE, Constable, PD, Hurley, WL, McCoy, GC, Kakoma, I, Isaacson, RE 1998. Effects of mastitis on the volume and composition of colostrum produced by Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science 81, 1291–1299.
McCrabb, GJ, McDonald, BJ, Hennoste, LM 1993. Heat-stress during mid-pregnancy in sheep and the consequences for placental and foetal growth. Journal of Agricultural Science 120, 265–271.
Melchior, R, Zanella, I, Lovatto, PA, Lehnen, CR, Lanferdini, E, Andretta, I 2012. Meta-analysis on the relationship among feeding characteristics, salivary and plasmatic cortisol levels, and performance of pregnant sows housed in different systems. Livestock Science 150, 310–315.
Mellado, M, Vera, T, Meza-Herrera, C, Ruiz, F 2000. A note on the effect of air temperature during gestation on birth weight and neonatal mortality of kids. Journal of Agricultural Science 135, 91–94.
Mellor, DJ, Stafford, KJ 2004. Animal welfare implications of neonatal mortality and morbidity in farm animals. The Veterinary Journal 168, 118–133.
Merlot, E, Couret, D, Otten, W 2008. Prenatal stress, foetal imprinting and immunity. Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity 22, 42–51.
Messias de Braganca, M, Mounier, AM, Prunier, A 1998. Does feed restriction mimic the effects of increased ambient temperature in lactating sows? Journal of Animal Science 76, 2017–2024.
Montano, MM, Wang, MH, Even, MD, Vomsaal, FS 1991. Serum corticosterone in foetal mice – sex-differences, circadian changes, and effect of maternal stress. Physiology & Behavior 50, 323–329.
Nardone, A, Lacetera, N, Bernabucci, U, Ronchi, B 1997. Composition of colostrum from dairy heifers exposed to high air temperatures during late pregnancy and the early postpartum period. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 838–844.
Otten, W, Kanitz, E, Tuchscherer, M, Puppe, B, Nurnberg, G 2007. Repeated administrations of adrenocorticotropic hormone during gestation in gilts: effects on growth, behaviour and immune responses of their piglets. Livestock Science 106, 261–270.
Pollard, I 1984. Effects of stress administered during pragnancy on reproductive capacity and subsequent development of the offspring of rats – prolonged effects on the litters of a 2nd pregnancy. Journal of Endocrinology 100, 301–306.
Prunier, A, de Braganca, MM, Le Dividich, J 1997. Influence of high ambient temperature on performance of reproductive sows. Livestock Production Science 52, 123–133.
Reynolds, LP, Caton, JS 2012. Role of the pre- and post-natal environment in developmental programming of health and productivity. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 354, 54–59.
Ringgenberg, N, Bergeron, R, Meunier-Salaün, M-C, Devillers, N 2012. Impact of social stress during gestation and environmental enrichment during lactation on the maternal behaviour of sows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 136, 126–135.
Rose, N, Larour, G, Le Diguerher, G, Eveno, E, Jolly, JP, Blanchard, P, Oger, A, Le Dimna, M, Jestin, A, Madec, F 2003. Risk factors for porcine post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) in 149 French farrow-to-finish herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 61, 209–225.
Roussel, S, Boissy, A, Montigny, D, Hemsworth, PH, Duvaux-Ponter, C 2005. Gender-specific effects of prenatal stress on emotional reactivity and stress physiology of goat kids. Hormones and Behaviour 47, 256–266.
Roussel, S, Hemsworth, PH, Leruste, H, White, C, Duvaux-Ponter, C, Nowak, R, Boissy, A 2006. Repeated transport and isolation during pregnancy in ewes: effects on the reactivity to humans and to their offspring after lambing. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 97, 172–189.
Sangild, P 2003. Uptake of colostral immunoglobulins by the compromised newborn farm animal. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 44, S105–S122.
Schiffrin, EJ, Carter, EA, Walker, WA, Fieberg, E, Bejamin, J, Isael, EJ 1993. Influence of prenatal corticosteroids on bacterial colonization in the newborn rat. Journal of pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 17, 271–275.
Shearer, J, Mohammed, HO, Brenneman, JS, Tran, TQ 1992. Factors associated with concentrations of immunoglobulins in colostrum at the 1st milking post-calving. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 14, 143–154.
Shell, TM, Early, RJ, Carpenter, JR, Buckley, BA 1995. Prepartum nutrition and solar-radiation in beef-cattle. 2. Residual effects on postpartum milk-yield, immunoglobulin, and calf growth. Journal of Animal Science 73, 1303–1309.
Singh, RR, Cuffe, JSM, Moritz, KM 2012. Short- and long-term effects of exposure to natural and synthetic glucocorticoids during development. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 39, 979–989.
Sinkora, M, Butler, JE, Holtmeier, W, Sinkorova, J 2005. Lymphocyte development in foetal piglets: facts and surprises. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 108, 177–184.
Sorrells, AD, Eicher, SD, Harris, MJ, Pajor, EA, Richert, BT 2007. Periparturient cortisol, acute phase cytokine, and acute phase protein profiles of gilts housed in groups or stalls during gestation. Journal of Animal Science 85, 1750–1757.
Sorrells, AD, Eicher, SD, Scott, KA, Harris, MJ, Pajor, EA, Lay, DC, Richert, BT 2006. Postnatal behavioural and physiological responses of piglets from gilts housed individually or in groups during gestation. Journal of Animal Science 84, 757–766.
Spoolder, HAM, Geudeke, MJ, Van der Peet-Schwering, CMC, Soede, NM 2009. Group housing of sows in early pregnancy: a review of success and risk factors. Livestock Science 125, 1–14.
Spoolder, HAM, Burbidge, JA, Edwards, SA, Simmins, PH, Lawrence, AB 1996. Effects of food level and straw bedding during pregnancy on sow performance and responses to an ACTH challenge. Livestock Production Science 47, 51–57.
Stark, MJ, Wright, IMR, Clifton, VL 2009. Sex-specific alterations in placental 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 activity and early postnatal clinical course following antenatal betamethasone. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 297, R510–R514.
Tao, S, Monteiro, APA, Thompson, IM, Hayen, MJ, Dahl, GE 2012. Effect of late-gestation maternal heat stress on growth and immune function of dairy calves. Journal of Dairy Science 95, 7128–7136.
Tegethoff, M, Greene, N, Olsen, J, Schaffner, E, Meinlschmidt, G 2011. Stress during pregnancy and offspring pediatric disease: a National Cohort Study. Environmental Health Perspectives 119, 1647–1652.
Trebichavský, I, Tlaskalová, H, Cukrowska, B, Splíchal, I, Sinkora, J, Øeháková, Z, Sinkora, M, Pospísil, R, Kováøù, F, Charley, B, Binns, R, White, A 1996. Early ontogeny of immune cells and their functions in the foetal pig. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 54, 75–81.
Trevisi, E, Amadori, M, Bakudila, AM, Bertoni, G 2009. Metabolic changes in dairy cows induced by oral, low-dose interferon-alpha treatment. Journal of Animal Science 87, 3020–3029.
Tuchscherer, M, Puppe, B, Tuchscherer, A, Tiemann, U 2000. Early identification of neonates at risk: traits of newborn piglets with respect to survival. Theriogenology 54, 371–388.
Tuchscherer, M, Kanitz, E, Otten, W, Tuchscherer, A 2002. Effects of prenatal stress on cellular and humoral immune responses in neonatal pigs. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 86, 195–203.
Tyler, JW, Hancock, DD, Wiksie, SE, Holler, SL, Gay, JM, Gay, CC 1998. Use of serum protein concentration to predict mortality in mixed-source dairy replacement heifers. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 12, 79–83.
Von Borell, E, Dobson, H, Prunier, A 2007. Stress, behaviour and reproductive performance in female cattle and pigs. Hormones and Behaviour 52, 130–138.
Von Borell, E, Morris, JR, Hurnik, JF, Mallard, BA, Buhr, MM 1992. The performance of gilts in a new group housing system: endocrinological and immunological functions. Journal of Animal Science 70, 2714–2721.
Walker, WL, Epperson, WB, Wittum, TE, Lord, LK, Rajala-Schultz, PJ, Lakritz, J 2012. Characteristics of dairy calf ranches: morbidity, mortality, antibiotic use practices, and biosecurity and biocontainment practices. Journal of Dairy Science 95, 2204–2214.
Webster, JR, Stewart, M, Rogers, AR, Verkerk, GA 2008. Assessment of welfare from physiological and behavioural responses of New Zealand dairy cows exposed to cold and wet conditions. Animal Welfare 17, 19–26.
Weinstock, M 2007. Gender differences in the effects of prenatal stress on brain development and behaviour. Neurochemical Research 32, 1730–1740.
White, PJ, Ward, MP, Toribio, J, Windsor, PA 2010. The association between congenital chondrodystrophy of unknown origin (CCUO) in beef cattle and drought in south-eastern Australia. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 94, 178–184.