Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Nutritional values of sugarcane products in local Caribbean growing pigs

  • X. Xandé (a1), C. Régnier (a1), H. Archimède (a1), B. Bocage (a2), J. Noblet (a3) and D. Renaudeau (a1)...

Abstract

A total of 24 castrated male Creole were used for digestibility studies on three sugarcane (SC) products: final molasses, SC juice and ground SC. Digestibility of macronutrients were determined in three consecutive experimental trials between 35 and 60 kg BW. The first trial measured the effect of a constant rate of incorporation of those SC products in a control diet (23% on a dry matter (DM) basis) on digestibility of energy and nutrients. The second and the third trials were designed to determine the effects of increasing rates of inclusion of SC juice and ground SC in the control diet on the digestibility of nutrients and energy. The DM content of molasses, SC juice and ground SC were 74.3%, 19.3% and 25.8%, respectively. Free sugar contents were 73.8%, 81.6% and 51.5% of DM for molasses, SC juice and ground SC, respectively. In contrast with molasses and SC juice, NDF content of ground SC was very high (40.3% DM). Energy digestibility coefficients (DC) were 99.0% and 83.6% for SC juice and molasses, respectively. For ground SC, amounts and composition of intakes differed from feed allowance as a consequence of chewing-then-spitting out most of the fibrous contents of ground SC. Expressed as a percentage of energy intake and energy allowance, DC of energy for ground SC were 68.6% and 31.9%, respectively. On an intake basis, digestible energy (DE) and metabolisable energy (ME) values were higher for SC juice (17.3 and 17.2 MJ/kg DM, respectively) than for molasses (13.1 and 12.6 MJ/kg DM, respectively) or ground SC (12.3 and 11.8 MJ/kg DM, respectively). On an allowance basis, the corresponding values for ground SC were only 5.7 and 5.6 MJ/kg DM, respectively. The gradual inclusion rate of SC juice in the diet up to 66% resulted in a linear increase of the DC of the diet organic matter and energy (P < 0.001) by 0.10% per 1% in SC juice DM. On the other hand, the partial substitution of the control diet by ground SC up to 74% resulted in a linear (P < 0.05) reduction of digestibility of nutrients and energy. Each 1% increase of ground SC incorporation rate resulted in a 0.13% and 0.61% linear decrease of DC of the energy, expressed as a percentage of energy intake or energy allowance, respectively. In conclusion, our study provides updated energy values of SC products usable as energy sources for feeding pigs.

Copyright

Corresponding author

E-mail: David.Renaudeau@antilles.inra.fr

References

Hide All
Association of Official Analytical Chemists 1990. Official methods of analysis, 15th edition.AOAC, Arlington, VA, USA.
Bayley, HS, Figueroa, V, Ly, J, Maylin, A, Perez, A 1983. Utilisation of sugarcane final molasses by the pig: energy metabolism. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 63, 455462.
Bravo, M, Lasso, M, Esnaola, MA, Preston, TR 1996. Preliminary studies on the use of chopped sugarcane stalks as the basal diet for fattening pigs. Livestock Research for Rural Development 8. Retrieved from http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd8/3/bravo83.htm
Brooks, CC 1967. Effect of sex, fat, fibre, molasses and thyroprotein on digestibility of nutrients and performance of growing swine. Journal of Animal Science 26, 495499.
Christon, R, Le Dividich, J 1978. Utilisation de la mélasse de canne à sucre dans l’alimentation du porc: essai d’interprétation des acquisitions récentes. Annales de Zootechnie 27, 267288.
Figueroa, V, Maylin, A, Ly, J, Pérez, A, Carrillo, O, Bayley, HS 1990. Ileal and total digestibility studies in pigs fed molasses type A or starch diets supplemented with torula yeast or soybean meal. Livestock Production Science 25, 151161.
Gonzàlez, D, Gonzàlez, C, Ojeda, A, Machado, W, Ly, J 2006. Growth performance of pigs feed sugarcane juice (Saccharum officinarum) and mulberry leaf meal (Morus alba). Archivos Latinoamericanos de Producción Animal 14, 4248.
Henry, Y, Etienne, M 1969. Effets nutritionnels de l’incorporation de cellulose purifiée dans le régime du porc en croissance-finition. 1- Influence sur l’utilisation digestive des nutriments. Annales de Zootechnie 18, 337357.
Le Goff, G, Noblet, J 2001. Comparative total tract digestibility of dietary energy and nutrients in growing pigs and adult sows. Journal of Animal Science 79, 24182427.
Le Goff, G, van Milgen, J, Noblet, J 2002. Influence of dietary fibre on digestive utilisation and rate of passage in growing pigs, finishing pigs and adult sows. Animal Science 74, 503515.
Ly, MVJ, Preston, TR 1969. Digestible and metabolisable energy values for pigs of diets based on high-test molasses or final molasses and sugar. Journal of Animal Science 29, 578580.
Meade, GP, Chen, JCP 1977. Cane sugar handbook; a manual for cane sugar manufacturers and their chemists, 10th edition.Wiley-Interscience, New York, NY, USA.
Mederos, CM, Figueroa, V, Garcia, A, Aleman, E, Martinez, RM, Ly, J 2004. Growth performance of pigs fed hand-chopped sugarcane stalks. Livestock Research for Rural Development 16. Retrieved from http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd16/3/med16014.htm
Noblet, J, Shi, XS 1994. Effect of body weight on digestive utilisation of energy and nutrients of ingredients and diets in pigs. Livestock Production Science 72, 323338.
Noblet, J, Bontems, V, Tran, G 2003. Estimation de la valeur énergétique des aliments chez le porc. INRA Productions Animales 16, 197210.
Noblet, J, Shi, XS, Fortune, H, Dubois, S, Lechevestrier, Y, Corniaux, C, Sauvant, D, Henry, Y 1994. Teneur en énergie nette des aliments chez le porc. Mesure, prédiction et validation aux différents stades de sa vie. Journées de la Recherche Porcine en France 26, 235250.
Preston, TR 1995. Research, extension and training for sustainable farming systems in the tropics. Livestock Research for Rural Development 7. Retrieved from http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd7/2/1.htm
Preston, TR, Leng, RA 1989. The greenhouse effect and its implications for world agriculture. The need for environmentally friendly development. Livestock research for rural development. 1. Retrieved from http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd1/1/preston.htm
Preston, TR, MacLeod, NA, Lassota, L, Willis, MB, Velazquez, M 1968. Sugar cane products as energy sources for pigs. Nature 219, 727730.
Renaudeau, D, Bocage, B, Noblet, J 2006. Influence of energy intake on protein and lipid deposition in Creole and Large White growing pigs in a humid tropical climate. Animal Science 82, 937945.
Rostagno, HS 2005. Brazilian tables for poultry and swine: composition of feedstuffs and nutritional requirements, 2th edition.Universidade Federal de Viçosa. Departamento de zootecnìa, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 186p.
SAS Institute Inc. 1997. SAS/STAT user’s guide: version 7, 4th edition.SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
Sauvant, D, Perez, JM, Tran, G 2002. Tables de composition et de valeur nutritive des matières premières destinées aux animaux d’élevage. AFZ-INRA, pp. 1–301.
Tollier, MTh, Robin, JP 1979. Adaptation de la méthode à l’orcinol sulfurique au dosage automatique des glucides neutres totaux: conditions d’application aux extraits d’origine végétale. Annales de Technologie Agricole 28, 115.
Van Soest, PJ, Wine, RH 1967. Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. IV. Determination of plant cell-wall constituents. Journal of the AOAC 50, 5055.
Xandé, X, Despois, E, Giorgi, M, Gourdine, JL, Archimède, H, Renaudeau, D 2009. Influence of sugarcane diets and a high fibre commercial diet on growth and carcass performance in local Caribbean pigs. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 22, 9098.

Keywords

Nutritional values of sugarcane products in local Caribbean growing pigs

  • X. Xandé (a1), C. Régnier (a1), H. Archimède (a1), B. Bocage (a2), J. Noblet (a3) and D. Renaudeau (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed