Aviagen 2013. ROSS 308 parent stock management guide. Aviagen Incorporated, Huntsville, AL, USA.
Bennett, PM and Harvey, PH 1985. Brain size, development and metabolism in birds and mammals. Journal of Zoology 207, 491–509.10.1111/j.1469-7998.1985.tb04946.x
Bokkers, EA and Koene, P 2002. Sex and type of feed effects on motivation and ability to walk for a food reward in fast growing broilers. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 79, 247–261.
Bokkers, EAM, Koene, P, Rodenburg, TB, Zimmerman, PH and Spruijt, BM 2004. Working for food under conditions of varying motivation in broilers. Animal Behaviour 68, 105–113.10.1016/j.anbehav.2003.10.013
Buckley, LA, McMillan, LM, Sandilands, V, Tolkamp, BJ, Hocking, PM and D’Eath, RB 2011. Too hungry to learn? Hungry broiler breeders fail to learn a Y-maze food quantity discrimination task. Animal Welfare 20, 469–481.
Deacon, RM and Rawlins, JN 2006. T-maze alternation in the rodent. Nature Protocols 1, 7–12.10.1038/nprot.2006.2
Decuypere, E, Bruggeman, V, Everaert, N, Li, Y, Boonen, R, De Tavernier, J, Janssens, S and Buys, N 2010. The broiler breeder paradox: ethical, genetic and physiological perspectives, and suggestions for solutions. British Poultry Science 51, 569–579.
Farrell, TM, Morgan, A and MacDougall-Shackleton, SA 2016. Developmental stress impairs performance on an association task in male and female songbirds, but impairs auditory learning in females only. Animal Cognition 19, 1–14.
Ferreira, FR, Spini, VBMG, Lopes, EJ, Lopes, RFF, Moreira, EA, Amaral, MAF, Cunha, ALLS, de Souza Borges, AP, Marson, LB and Ribeiro, GDCC 2006. Effect of feed restriction on learning, memory and stress of rodents. Bioscience Journal 22, 91–97.
Forbes, JM and Shariatmadari, F 1994. Diet selection for protein by poultry. World’s Poultry Science Journal 50, 7–24.
Gallup, GG Jr 1979. Tonic immobility as a measure of fear in domestic fowl. Animal Behaviour 27, 316–317.10.1016/0003-3472(79)90159-3
Hogan, JA 1965. An experimental study of conflict and fear: an analysis of behaviour of young chicks toward a mealworm. Part I. The behaviour of chicks which do not eat the mealworm. Behaviour 25, 45–96.
Kauffman, AL, Ashraf, JM, Corces-Zimmerman, MR, Landis, JN and Murphy, CT 2010. Insulin signaling and dietary restriction differentially influence the decline of learning and memory with age. PLoS Biology 8, e1000372.10.1371/journal.pbio.1000372
Laus, MF, Duarte Manhas Ferreira Vales, L, Braga Costa, TM and Sousa Almeida, S 2011. Early postnatal protein-calorie malnutrition and cognition: a review of human and animal studies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 8, 590–612.
Li, C, Lesuisse, J, Schallier, S, Clímaco, W, Wang, Y, Bautil, A, Everaert, N and Buyse, J 2017. The effects of a reduced balanced protein diet on litter moisture, pododermatitis and feather condition of female broiler breeders over three generations. Animal 12, 1493–1500.
Li, C, Schallier, S, Lesuisse, J, Driessen, B, Everaert, N and Buyse, J 2018. The learning ability and memory retention of broiler breeders: 2 the transgenerational effects of reduced balanced protein diet on reward based learning. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Lindqvist, C, Janczak, AM, Nätt, D, Baranowska, I, Lindqvist, N, Wichman, A, Lundeberg, J, Lindberg, J, Torjesen, PA and Jensen, P 2007. Transmission of stress-induced learning impairment and associated brain gene expression from parents to offspring in chickens. PLoS One 2, e364.
Lindqvist, C and Jensen, P 2009. Domestication and stress effects on contrafreeloading and spatial learning performance in red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus) and White Leghorn layers. Behavioural Processes 81, 80–84.
Marino, L 2017. Thinking chickens: a review of cognition, emotion, and behaviour in the domestic chicken. Animal Cognition 20, 127–147.
Mench, JA 2002. Broiler breeders: feed restriction and welfare. World’s Poultry Science Journal 58, 23–29.
Ng, WK, Liew, FL, Ang, LP and Wong, KW 2001. Potential of mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) as an alternative protein source in practical diets for African catfish, Clariasgariepinus. Aquaculture Research 32, 273–280.
Nicol, CJ 2015. The behavioural biology of chickens. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, UK.
Paxton, H, Anthony, NB, Corr, SA and Hutchinson, JR 2010. The effects of selective breeding on the architectural properties of the pelvic limb in broiler chickens: a comparative study across modern and ancestral populations. Journal of Anatomy 217, 153–166.
Reese, WG, Angel, C and Newton, JE 1984. Immobility reactions: a modified classification.
Integrative Physiological and Behavioural Science 19, 137–143.
Savory, CJ, Seawright, E and Watson, A 1992. Stereotyped behaviour in broiler breeders in relation to husbandry and opioid receptor blockade. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 32, 349–360.
Spratt, RS and Leeson, S 1987. Broiler breeder performance in response to diet protein and energy. Poultry Science 66, 683–693.
Steinruck, U, Roth, FX and Kirchgessner, M 1990. Selective feed intake of broilers during methionine deficiency. ArchivFuerGeflügelkunde 54, 173–183.
Tahamtani, FM, Nordgreen, J, Nordquist, RE and Janczak, AM 2015. Early life in a barren environment adversely affects spatial cognition in laying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Frontiers in Veterinary Science 2, 3.
Ueda, H, Suehiro, K, Kainou, S and Bungo, T 2005. Feeder color and feeder position act as a cue to discriminate between two diets in choice feeding of chicks. The Journal of Poultry Science 42, 321–328.
Ueno, A and Suzuki, K 2014. Comparison of learning ability and memory retention in altricial (Bengalese finch, Lonchurastriata var. domestica) and precocial (blue‐breasted quail, Coturnix chinensis) birds using a color discrimination task. Animal Science Journal 85, 186–192.10.1111/asj.12092
Vallortigara, G and Zanforlin, M 1989. Place and object learning in chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus). Journal of Comparative Psychology 103, 201.
Van Emous, RA, Kwakkel, RP, Van Krimpen, MM and Hendriks, WH 2015. Effects of dietary protein levels during rearing and dietary energy levels during lay on body composition and reproduction in broiler breeder females. Poultry Science 94, 1030–1042.
Wang, S, Ni, Y, Guo, F, Fu, W, Grossmann, R and Zhao, R 2013. Effect of corticosterone on growth and welfare of broiler chickens showing long or short tonic immobility. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 164, 537–543.
Wang, S, Ni, Y, Guo, F, Sun, Z, Ahmed, A and Zhao, R 2014. Differential expression of hypothalamic fear-and stress-related genes in broiler chickens showing short or long tonic immobility. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 47, 65–72.
Wechsler, B and Lea, SE 2007. Adaptation by learning: its significance for farm animal husbandry. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 108, 197–214.