Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Exploration of conservation and development strategies with a limited stakeholder approach for local cattle breeds

  • J. Schäler (a1) (a2), S. Addo (a1), G. Thaller (a1) and D. Hinrichs (a2)

Abstract

Many local breeds have become endangered due to their substitution by high-yielding breeds. To conserve local breeds, effective development strategies need to be investigated. The aim of this study was to explore conservation and development strategies based on quantified strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) for two local cattle breeds from Northern Germany, namely the German Angler (GA) and Red Dual-Purpose cattle (RDP). The data comprised 158 questionnaires regarding both breeds’ SWOT, which were answered by 78 farmers of GA and 80 farmers of RDP. First, data were analysed using the SWOT-Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method, which combines the qualitative strategic decision tool of SWOT analysis and the quantitative tool of AHP. Second, prioritised SWOT factors were discussed with stakeholders in order to form final conservation and development strategies at breed level. For GA prioritised strengths were daily gain, meat quality, milk production and the usage of new biotechnologies, weaknesses were genetic gain in milk production and inbreeding, opportunities were organic farming and breed-specific characteristics and threats were milk prices and dependency regarding the dairy business. Consequently, three conservation and development strategies were formed: (1) changing relative weights and the relevant breeding goal to drift from milk to meat, (2) increasing genetic gain and control the rate of inbreeding by the implementation of specific selection programs and (3) selection of unique and breed characteristic components on product level, that is, milk-fat and fine muscle fibers. For RDP defined strengths were robustness, high adaptability for different housing systems and a balanced dual-purpose of milk and meat, weaknesses were inbreeding, breed extinction, genomic selection with young bulls and milk yield, opportunities were organic farming and dual-purpose aspects and threats were milk and decreasing beef cattle prices. Thus, three conservation and development strategies were identified: (1) adjust relative weights and the relevant breeding goal to balance milk and meat yield, (2) increasing genetic gain and avoid extinction by implementing targeted selection programs and (3) selection of unique and breed characteristic traits on breed level, that is, environmental robustness. Quantified SWOT establish a basis for the exploration of conservation and development strategies at breed level. Explored strategies are promising even if the stakeholder approach was limited for small populations regarding a small number of stakeholder groups. The used approach reflects farmers’ individual convenience better than existing quantitative strategy decision tools on their own.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Aguarón, J and Moreno-Jiménez, J 2003. The geometric consistency index: approximated thresholds. European Journal of Operational Research 147, 137145.
Bernués, A 2018. Quantifying ecosystem services to add value in pasture-based livestock systems. 69th EAAP Book of Abstracts 24, 101.
Boraje, M and Yakchali, SH 2011. Using the AHP-ELECTRE III integrated method in a competitive profile matrix. In Proceedings of the 11th IPEDR, International Conference on Financial Management and Economics 2011, Singapore, pp. 6872.
Cummings, RG, Brookshire, DS and Schulze, WD 1986. Valuing environmental goods: a state of the arts assessment of the contingent valuation method. Roweman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ, USA.
Davis, RK 1963. The value of outdoor recreation: an economic study of the Maine woods. PhD thesis, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Fernández, J, Meuwissen, THE, Toro, MA and Mäki-Tanila, A 2011. Management of genetic diversity in small farm animal populations. Animal 5, 16841698.
Food and Agriculture Organization 2010. Breeding strategies for sustainable management of animal genetic resources. FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines, No. 3. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Gandini, G and Oldenbroek, K 2007. Strategies for moving from conservation to utilisation. In Utilisation and conservation of farm animal genetic resources (ed. Oldenbroek, K), pp. 2954. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Görener, A, Toker, K and Uluçay, K 2012. Application of combined SWOT and AHP: a case study for a manufacturing firm. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Science 58, 15251534.
Hiemstra, SJ, Remjin, N, Hoving-Bolink, AH, Amat, L and Traon, D 2018. Valorization of locally produced dairy and meat products from native livestock breeds. 69th EAAP Book of Abstracts 24, 102.
Hill, T and Westbrook, R 1997. SWOT analysis: it’s time for a product recall. Long range Planning 30, 4652.
Impoinvil, DE, Ahmad, S,Troyo, A, Keating, J, Githeko, AK, Mbogo, CM, Kibe, L, Githure, JI, Gad, AM, Hassan, AN, Orshan, L, Warburg, A, Calderón-Arguedas, O, Sánchez-Loria, VM, Velit-Suarez, R,Chadee, DD, Novak, RJ and Beier, JC 2007. Comparison of mosquito programs in seven urban sites in Africa, the Middle East and the Americas. Health Policy 83, 196212.
Kahraman, C, Demirel, and Demirel, T 2007. Prioritization of e-Government strategies using a SWOT-AHP analysis: the case of Turkey in Turkey. European Journal of Information Systems 16, 284298.
Kangas, J, Pesonen, M, Kurttila, M and Kajanus, M 2001. A’WOT: integrating the AHP with SWOT analysis. In Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process 2001, Berne, Switzerland, pp. 189198.
Karppi, I, Kokkonen, M and Lähteenmäki-Smith, K 2001. SWOT-analysis as a basis for regional strategies. Working paper 2001, No. 4. Nordregio-Nordic Centre for Spatial Development,Stockholm, Sweden.
Kurttila, M, Pesonen, M, Kangas, J and Kajanus, M 2000. Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in SWOT analysis - a hybrid method and its application to a forest-certification case. Forest Policy and Economics 1, 4152.
Martín-Collado, D, Díaz, C, Mäki-Tanila, A, Colinet, F, Duclos, D, Hiemstra, SJ, Eureca Consortium and Gandini, G 2013. The use of SWOT analysis to explore and prioritize conservation and development strategies for local cattle breeds. Animal 7, 885894.
Martín-Collado, D, Díaz, C, Serrano, M, Zanoli, R and Naspeti, S 2018. A critical perspective on the current paradigm of high-quality products marketing strategy. 69th EAAP Book of Abstracts 24, 102.
Meuwissen, THE 1997. Maximizing the response of selection with a predefined rate of inbreeding. Journal of Animal Science 75, 934940.
Meuwissen, THE 2009. Genetic management of small populations: a review. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A–Animal Science 59, 7179.
Mitchell, RC and Carson, RT 1989. Using surveys to value public goods: the contingent valuation method. Resource for the Future, Washington, DC, USA.
Nielsen, HM, Olesen, I, Navrud, S, Kolstad, K and Amer, P 2011. How to consider the value of farm animals in breeding goals. A review of current status and future challenges. Journal of Agricultural Environmental Ethics 24, 309330.
Pesonen, M, Kurttila, M, Kangas, J, Kajanus, M and Heinonen, P 2000. Assessing the priorities using A’WOT among resource management strategies at the Finish Forest and Park Service. Forest Science 47, 534541.
R Core Team 2018. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
Saaty, TL 1980. How to make a decision: the analytic hierarchy process. European Journal of Operational Research 48, 926.
Saaty, TL 2008. Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process. International Journal of Services Sciences 1, 8398.
Saaty, TL and Vargas, LG 2001. Models, methods, concepts and applications of the analytic hierarchy process. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, USA.
Schäler, J, Thaller, G and Hinrichs, D 2018. Implementation of breed-specific traits for a local sheep breed. Agricultural Sciences 9, 958973.
Shreshta, RK, Alavalapati, JRR and Kalmbacher, RS 2004. Exploring the potential for silvopasture adoption in south-central Florida: an application of SWOT-AHP method. Agricultural Systems 81, 185199.
Verrier, E 2014. Some success factors for development and marketing of local breeds products. Opportunities for conservation of local breeds– WIAS Seminar, Wageningen. Retrieved on 15 January 2019 from https://www.wur.nl/upload_mm/7/f/7/d779bd35-3b92-4d17-9261-cd506db9f37d_Seminar_WIAS_Verrier_2014-12-09.pdf
Verrier, E, Markey, L and Lauvie, A 2018. Specific products with added value for local breeds: lessons from success and non-success stories. 69th EAAP Book of Abstracts 24, 101.
Wasike, CB, Magothe, TM, Kahi, AK and Peters, KJ 2011. Factors that influence the efficiency of beef and dairy cattle recording system in Kenya: a SWOT-AHP analysis. Tropical Animal Health and Production 43, 141152.
Weihrich, H 1982. The TOWS matrix - a tool for situational analysis. Long Range Planning 15, 5466.
Wellmann, R, Hartwig, S and Bennewitz, J 2012. Optimum contribution selection for conserved populations with historic migration. Genetics Selection Evolution 44, 34.
Yüksel, I and Dağdeviren, M 2007. Using the analytic network process (ANP) in a SWOT analysis - a case study for a textile firm. Information Science 177, 33643382.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Schäler et al. supplementary material
Schäler et al. supplementary material 1

 Word (285 KB)
285 KB

Exploration of conservation and development strategies with a limited stakeholder approach for local cattle breeds

  • J. Schäler (a1) (a2), S. Addo (a1), G. Thaller (a1) and D. Hinrichs (a2)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed