Agricultural and Food Research Council 1991. AFRC Technical committee on responses to nutrients. 6. A reappraisal of the calcium and phosphorus requirements of sheep and cattle. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews 61, 573–612.
Anderson, ST, Kidd, LJ, Benvenutti, MA, Fletcher, MT and Dixon, RM 2017. New candidate markers of phosphorus status in beef breeder cows. Animal Production Science 57, 2291–2303,
Benzie, D, Boyne, AW, Dalgarno, AC, Duckworth, J and Hill, R 1959. Studies of the skeleton of the sheep. III. The relationship between phosphorus intake and resorption and repair of the skeleton in pregnancy and lactation. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 52, 1–12.
Benzie, D, Boyne, AW, Dalgarno, AC, Duckworth, J, Hill, R and Walker, DM 1955. Studies of the skeleton of the sheep. I. The effect of different levels of dietary calcium during pregnancy and lactation on individual bones. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 46, 425–444.
Breves, G and Prokop, M 1990. Dietary phosphorus depletion in sheep: longterm effects on bone structure. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 64, 74–79.
Castells, L, Dixon, RM, Kidd, LJ, Goodwin, K, Mayer, R, Fletcher, MT and McNeill, DM 2015. Capacity of young cows to gain bone and improve lactation. Proceedings of the 2015 conference, Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition in Australia, University of New England, 26 to 28 October 2015, Armidale, Australia. pp. 49–50.
Coates, DB, Dixon, RM, Mayer, RJ and Murray, RM 2016. Validation of single photon absorptiometry for on-farm measurement of density and mineral content of tail bone in cattle. Animal Production Science 56, 2054–2059.
Coates, DB, Dixon, RM, Murray, RM, Mayer, RJ and Miller, CP 2018. Bone mineral density in the tail-bones of cattle: effect of phosphorus status, liveweight, age and physiological status. Animal Production Science 58, 801–810.
Coates, DB and Murray, RM 1994. Tail-bone density compared with other indicators of phosphorus deficiency in cattle. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 20, 329–332.
CSIRO 2007. Nutrient requirements of domesticated ruminants. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia.
de Brouwer, CHM, Cilliers, JW, Vermaak, LM, van der Merwe, HJ and Groenewald, PCN 2000. Phosphorus supplementation to natural pasture grazing for beef cows in the Western Highveld region of South Africa. South African Journal of Animal Science 30, 43–52.
de Waal, HO and Koekemoer, GJ 1997. Blood, rib-bone and rumen fluid as indicators of P status of grazing beef cows at Armoedsvlakte supplemented with different levels of phosphorus. South African Journal of Animal Science 27, 76–84.
Dixon, RM, Coates, DB, Mayer, RJ and Miller, CP 2016. Productivity and phosphorus content of rib and tail bones in reproducing cows ingesting diets deficient or adequate in phosphorus. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production 31, 93–94.
Dixon, RM, Kidd, LJ, Coates, DB, Anderson, ST, Benvenutti, MA, Fletcher, MT and McNeill, DM 2017. Utilizing mobilization of body reserves to improve management of phosphorus nutrition of breeder cows. Animal Production Science 57, 2280–2290.
Duncan, DL 1958. The interpretation of studies of calcium and phosphorus balance in ruminants. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews 28, 695–715.
Ferris, CP, McCoy, MA, Patterson, DC and Kilpatrick, DJ 2010. Effect of offering dairy cow diets differing in phosphorus concentration over four successive lactations: 2 Health, fertility, bone phosphorus reserves and nutrient utilization. Animal 4, 560–571.
Hill, R 1962. The provision and metabolism of calcium and phosphorus in ruminants. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 3, 131–148.
Hoey, WA, Murphy, GM and Gartner, RJW 1982. Whole body composition of heifers in relation to phosphorus status with particular reference to the skeleton. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 98, 31–37.
Holst, PJ, Murison, RD and Wadsworth, JC 2002. Bone mineralization and strength in range cattle. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 53, 947–954.
Knowlton, KF and Herbein, JH 2002. Phosphorus partitioning during early lactation in dairy cows fed diets varying in phosphorus content. Journal of Dairy Science 85, 1227–1236.
Little, DA 1972. Bone biopsy in cattle and sheep for studies of phosphorus status. Australian Veterinary Journal 48, 668–670.
Little, DA 1983. Bovine body composition and phosphorus storage: the in vivo assessment of body composition and phosphorus status, and the dietary phosphorus requirements of cattle for growth. PhD thesis, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.
Little, DA 1984. Definition of an objective criterion of body phosphorus reserves in cattle and its evaluation in vivo. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 64, 229–231.
Little, DA and Minson, DJ 1977. Variation in the phosphorus content of bone samples obtained from the last three ribs of cattle. Research in Veterinary Science 23, 393–394.
McRoberts, MR, Hill, R and Dalgarno, AC 1965. The effects of diets deficient in phosphorus, phorphorus and vitamin D, or calcium, on the skeleton and teeth of the growing sheep. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 65, 1–10.
Quigley, S, Poppi, D and Schatz, T 2015. Validation and demonstration of a diagnostic tool for phosphorus status of beef cattle. Final Project Report, Meat and Livestock Australia, Sydney, Australia.
Read, MVP, Engels, EAN and Smith, WA 1986. Phosphorus and the grazing ruminant. 3. Rib bone samples as an indicator of the P status of cattle. South African Journal of Animal Science 16, 13–17.
Schotz, AM, Bunger, L, Kongsro, J, Baulain, U and Mitchell, AD 2015. Non-invasive methods for the determination of body and carcass composition in livestock: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound: a review. Animal 9, 1250–1264.
Shupe, JL, Butcher, JE, Call, JW, Olson, AE and Blake, JT 1988. Clinical signs and bone changes associated with phosphorus deficiency in beef cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research 49, 1629–1636.
Spangenberg, HP 1997. Phosphorus supplementation to grazing beef cows at two sites in the Northern Cape. PhD thesis, University of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.
Valk, H, Sebek, LBJ and Beynen, AC 2002. Influence of phosphorus intake on excretion and blood plasma and saliva concentrations of phosphorus in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 85, 2642–2649.
Williams, SN, Lawrence, LA, McDowell, LR, Wilkinson, NS, Ferguson, PW and Warnick, AC 1991. Criteria to evaluate bone mineralization in cattle: 1. Effect of dietary phosphorus on chemical, physical, and mechanical properties. Journal of Animal Science 69, 1232–1242.