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A note on the velocity of ultrasound in living tissue

  • C. A. Miles (a1) and G. A. J. Fursey (a1)

Summary

The velocity of sound through the limbs of living animals and through tissue excised from carcasses has been measured. The measurements are compared with calibration velocities recommended by the manufacturers of two sonar instruments used to measure the position of tissue boundaries in animals.

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References

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Burgkart, M., Maucic, D. and Ritter, H. C. 1963. [A method for determining the speed of ultrasound waves in living cattle muscle.] Bayr Landwirtsch. 40: 567571.
Dumont, B. L. 1959. [Measurement of the fatness of pigs by ultrasonic echoes.] C.r. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Agric. Fr. 45: 628631.
Greenspan, M. and Tschiegg, C. E. 1959. Tables of the speed of sound in water. J. acoust. Soc. Am. 31: 7576.
Krautkrämer, J. and Krautkramer, H. 1969. Ultrasonic Testing of Materials. Chap. 2. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Ludwig, G. D. 1950. The velocity of sound through tissues and the acoustic impedance of tissues. J. acoust. Soc. Am. 22: 862866.
Miles, C. A., Pomeroy, R. W. and Harries, J. M. 1972. Some factors affecting reproducibility in ultrasonic scanning of animals. 1. Cattle. Anim. Prod. 15: 239249.
Wells, P. N. T. 1969. Physical Principles of Ultrasonic Diagnosis. Chap. 1. Academic Press, London.

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