Skip to main content Accessibility help

The influence of concentrate amount on locomotion and clinical lameness in dairy cattle

  • F. J. Manson (a1) and J. D. Leaver (a1)


An experiment with two groups of 24 cows during weeks 3 to 22 of lactation examined the influence of 7 (L) or 11 (H) kg concentrates per day on the prevalence of lameness. Grass silage was offered ad libitum. The cows were scored on a 1 to 5 scale for their locomotion on a weekly basis (1 = normal locomotion; 5 = severely lame). Cows scoring 3 or more were considered to be clinically lame. This allowed the prevalence of lameness, its severity and duration to be measured and statistically analysed. There were significantly more observations of lameness in the H cows than the L cows (0·077 and 0·021 observations per cow week) and the severity and duration of lameness incidents were significantly greater. The major causes of lameness were solar problems in the hind feet. The prevalence declined in both treatments as lactation progressed. The predisposing causes of the higher incidence in treatment H could have been the higher concentrate: forage ratio, the greater daily metabolizable energy intake or the greater daily crude protein intake. For treatments L and H, mean milk yields were 20·5, 23·7 kg/day; milk fat 41·7, 39·0 g/kg; milk protein 31·4, 32·0 g/kg; live-weight change -0·12, +0·11 kg/day; and condition score 2·04, 2·18.



Hide All
Alexander, R. H. and McGowan, M. 1966. The routine determination of in vitro digestibility of organic matter in forages — an investigation of the problems associated with continuous large-scale operation. Journal of the British Grassland Society 21: 140147.
Alexander, R. H. and McGowan, M. 1969. The assessment of the nutritive value of silage by determination of in vitro digestibility on homogenates prepared from fresh undried silage. Journal of the British Grassland Society 24: 195198.
Broster, W. H. and Thomas, C. 1981. The influence of level and pattern of concentrate input on milk output. In Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition — 1981 (ed. Haresign, W.), pp. 4969. Butterworths, London.
Greenhough, P. R., MacCallum, F. J. and Weaver, A. D. 1981. Lameness in Cattle. 2nd ed. Wright Scientechnica, Bristol.
Kaufmann, W. 1976. Influence of the composition of the ration and the feeding frequency on pH-regulation in the rumen and on feed intake in ruminants. Livestock Production Science 3: 103114.
Kelly, J. M. 1981. Lameness in dairy cows. University of Edinburgh!Dalgety Spillers Newsheet, March. Dairy Herd Health and Productivity Service.
Lawes Agricultural Trust. 1980. GENSTAT V Mark 4.03. Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Hertfordshire.
Leaver, J. D. and Webster, D. M. 1982. Assessment of lameness in dairy cattle. West of Scotland Agricultural College, Crichlon Royal Farm Report 1982, pp. 3334.
Livesey, C. T. and Fleming, F. L. 1984. Nutritional influences on laminitis, sole ulcer and bruised sole in Friesian cows. Veterinary Record 114: 510512.
Lucey, S., Rowlands, G. J. and Russell, A. M. 1986. The association between lameness and fertility in dairy cows. Veterinary Record 118: 628631.
Manson, F. J. 1986. A study of lameness in dairy cows with reference to nutrition and hoof shape. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Glasgow.
Mulvany, P. M. 1977. Dairy cow condition scoring. National Institute for Research in Dairying, Paper 4468.
Nilsson, S. A. 1966. Recent opinions about cause of ulceration of the hoof in cattle. Nordisk Veterinarmedicin 18: 241252.
Peterse, D. J., Korver, S., Oldenbroek, J. K. and Talmon, F. P. 1984. Relationship between levels of concentrate feeding and incidence of sole ulcers in dairy cattle. Veterinary Record 115: 629630.
Reid, I. M. and Little, W. 1986. Health. In Principles and Practice of Feeding Dairy Cows (ed. Broster, W. H., Phipps, R. H. and Johnson, C. L.). Technical Bulletin 8, National Institute for Research in Dairying, pp. 231247.
Toussaint-raven, E. 1973. Lameness in cattle and footcare. Netherlands Journal of Veterinary Science 5: 105111.
Toussaint-raven, E. 1985. Cattle Footcare and Claw Trimming. Farming Press Ltd, Ipswich.
Weaver, A. D. 1979. The prevention of bovine laminitis. Bovine Practitioner 15: 7072.

The influence of concentrate amount on locomotion and clinical lameness in dairy cattle

  • F. J. Manson (a1) and J. D. Leaver (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed