Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of dietary carotene on fertility of high-yielding dairy cows

  • I. Ascarelli (a1), Z. Edelman (a2), Miriam Rosenberg (a3) and Y. Folman (a3)

Abstract

Multiparous dairy cows were allotted at the beginning of the dry period to two groups, each of about 75 cows. In addition to a basal diet containing a very low concentration of carotene and a normal concentration of retinyl ester, the carotene group was given a daily supplement of 500 mg carotene during the dry period and 750 mg carotene during lactation, and the retinol group was given an equivalent amount of retinyl ester. Plasma carotene concentrations were much higher in the carotene group (ca. 4·2 mg/1 v. ca.. 0·35 mg/1), but plasma retinol did not differ. Neither peripheral plasma progesterone concentration nor the interval between calving and first insemination were affected by carotene supplementation. Conception rate was greatly improved by carotene supplementation in the younger cows (second and third lactation) during the first part of the experiment (cows calving in September to December): conception rates at first insemination were 0·70 v. 0·33 (P < 0·05); for all inseminations, conception rates were 0·71 v. 0·38 (P < 0·01). However during the second part of the experiment (cows calving in January to April) no significant differences were found between the two groups.

Plasma tocopherol concentration in cows given carotene was significantly higher during the dry period and the 1st weeks of lactation, but these differences disappeared in the later stages of lactation. Plasma cholesterol concentration in the carotene group was highly correlated with plasma carotene concentration (r = 0·52 to 0·59, P < 0·001); however even higher correlation coefficients were found between plasma cholesterol and plasma tocopherol in both the carotene and the retinol groups (r = 0·61 to 0·80, P < 0·001). Plasma concentrations of triglycerides, glucose, urea and aspartate aminotransferase were not affected by the treatment.

A high plasma carotene concentration is not a prerequisite for conception; however, under certain conditions which need defining, the carotene concentration appears to be a limiting factor.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Arbeiter, K., Knaus, E. and Thurnher, M. 1983. [Repeated test of the genital function of cattle as influenced by blood carotene concentration.] Zentbl. Vet Med. A 30: 206213.
Bartosik, Delphine, Romanoff, E. B., Watson, D. J. and Scricco, Elaine. 1967. Luteotropic effects of prolactin in the bovine ovary. Endocrinology 81: 186194.
Bindas, E. M., Aiello, R. J., Aalseth, D. L., Gwazdauskas, F. C., HERBEIN, J. H. and Polan, C. E. 1982. Effect of β-carotene supplementation on reproductive and metabolic parameters in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 65: Suppl. I p. 212 (Abstr.).
Bindas, E. M., Gwazdauskas, F. C. and McGilliard, M. L. 1983. Reproductive performance and luteal response to HCG in lactating cows supplemented with β-carotene. J. Dairy Sci. 66: Suppl. I, p. 239 (Abstr.).
Bondar, R. J. L. and Mead, D. C. 1974. Evaluation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides in the hexokinase method for determining glucose in serum. Clin. Chem. 20: 586590.
Bosembiante, M., Andrighetto, I. and Bittante, G. 1983a. [Beta-carotene and cattle fertility. Further experimental results.] Zootec. Nutr. Anim. 9: 199212.
Bonsembiante, M., Andrighetto, I. and Bittante, G. 1983b. [Effect of p-carotene on pregnancy and parturition of beef heifers and on the rearing in confinement of their calves] Zootec. Nutr. Anim. 9: 401417.
Bonsembiante, M., Bittante, G. and Andrighetto, I. 1980. [The effect of p-carotene on the fertility of cows fed diets supplemented with vitamin A.] Zootec. Nutr. Anim. 6: 4758.
Bremel, D. H., Hemken, R. W., Heersche, G. Jr, Edgerton, L. A. and Olds, D. 1982. Effects of β-carotene on metabolic and reproductive parameters in lactating dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 65: Suppl. 1, p. 178 (Abstr.).
Bucolo, G. and David, H. 1973. Quantitative determination of serum triglycerides by the use of enzymes. Clin. Chem. 19: 476482.
Chew, B. P., Hollen, L. L., Hillers, J. K. and Herlugson, M. L. 1982. Relationship between vitamin A and β-carotene in blood plasma and milk and mastitis in Holsteins. J. Dairy Sci. 65: 21112118.
Christensen, K., Daugaard, J., Henneberg, U., Hjarde, W., Jensen, K. and Aalund, O. 1978. Vitamin A and p-carotene for cattle. Evaluation of requirements under Danish conditions. Beretn. St. Husdyrbrugs Fors. 470.
Eisenwiener, H. G. 1976. [Kinetic determination of urea with the LKB system.] J. clin. Chem. clin. Biochem. 14: 261264.
Folman, Y., Ascarelli, I., Herz, Z., Rosenberg, Miriam, Davidson, M. and Halevi, A. 1979. Fertility of dairy heifers given a commercial diet free of β-carotene. Br. J. Nutr. 41: 353359.
Folman, Y., Berman, A., Herz, Z., Kaim, M., Rosenberg, Miriam, MAMEN, M. and GORDIN, S. 1979. Milk yield and fertility of high-yielding dairy cows in a sub-tropical climate during summer and winter. J. Dairy Res. 46: 411425.
Folman, Y., Rosenberg, Miriam, Ascarelli, I., Kaim, M. and HERZ, Z. 1983. The effect of dietary and climatic factors on fertility, and on plasma progesterone and oestradiol-17 5 levels in dairy cows. J. steroid Biochem. 19: 863868.
German Society of Clinical Chemistry. 1970. [Standardization of methods for the determination of enzymic activities in biological fluids.] Z. klin. Chem. u. klin. Biochem. 8: 658660.
Gwazdauskas, F. C., Lineweaver, J. A. and Vinson, W. E. 1981. Rates of conception by artificial insemination of dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 64: 358362.
Harders, H. D. and Helger, R. 1977. [A new reaction for the enzymic determination (CHOD-iodide-molybdate method) of cholesterol.] Lab. Med., Stutt. 1: 141144.
Hayes, B. W., Mitchell, G. E. Jr, Little, C. O. and Sewell, H. B. 1967. Turnover of liver vitamin A in steers. J. Anim. Sci. 26: 855857.
Hemken, R. W. and Bremel, D. H. 1982. Possible role of beta-carotene in improving fertility in dairy cattle. J. Dairy Sci. 65: 10691073.
Jackson, P. S., Furr, B. J. A. and Johnson, C. T. 1981. Endocrine and ovarian changes in dairy cattle fed a low P-carotene diet during an oestrus synchronisation regime. Res. vet. Sci. 31: 377383.
Larson, L. L., Wang, J. Y., Owen, F. G. and Meader, J. E. 1983. Effect of beta-carotene supplementation during early lactation on reproduction. J. Dairy Sci. 66: Suppl. 1, p. 240 (Abstr.).
Lotthammer, K. H. 1976 [Influence of β-carotene on fertility.] Bayerisches Landwirtschaft. Jahrbuch. 53: 933947.
Lotthammer, K. H. 1978. Importance and role of betacarotene for bovine fertility. Original researches. Proc. Roche Symp. Importance of Beta-carotene for Bovine Fertility, London.
Lotthammer, K. H. 1979. Importance of β-carotene for the fertility of dairy cattle. Feedstuffs 51: (43), 16.
Lotthammer, K. H., Ahlswede, L. and Mbyer, H. 1976. [Researches on a specific effect of β-carotene. not dependent on vitamin A, on the fertility ot cattle. 2. Further clinical results and fertility data. (Experiment III).] Dt. tierarztl. Wschr. 83: 353358.
Lotthammer, K. H., Schams, D. and Scholz, H. 1978. [Researches on a specific effect of β-carotene, not dependent on vitamin A, on the fertility of lactating cows.] Zuchthygiene 13: 7677.
McBride, O. W. and Korn, E. D. 1963. The lipoprotein lipase of mammary gland and the correlation of its activity to lactation. J. Lipid. Res. 4: 1720.
Marsh, H. and Swingle, K. F. 1960. The calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, carotene and vitamin A content of blood of range cattle in Eastern Montana. Am. J. vet. Res. 21: 212221.
Meyer, H., Ahlswede, L. and Lotthammer, K. H. 1975. [Researches on a specific effect of p-carotene. not dependent on vitamin A, on the fertility of cattle. 1. Experimental set-up, body development and ovary function.] Dt. tierarztl. Wschr. 82: 444449.
Rosenberg, Miriam, Folman, Y., Herz, Z., Flamenbaum, I., Berman, A. and Kaim, M. 1982. Effect of climatic conditions on peripheral concentrations of LH, progesterone and oestradiol-17p in high milk-yielding cows. J. Reprod. Fert. 66: 139146.
Rosenberg, Miriam, Herz, Z., Davidson, M. and Folman, Y. 1977. Seasonal variations in post-partum plasma progesterone levels and conception in primiparous and multiparous dairy cows. J. Reprod. Fert. 51: 363367.
Schams, D., Hoffmann, B., Lotthammer, K. H. and Ahlswede, L. 1977. [Researches on a specific effect of β-carotene, not dependent on vitamin A, on the fertility of cattle. 4. Importance of hormonal parameters during the cycle.] Dt. tierdrzl. Wschr. 84: 307310.
Thompson, S. Y., Ganguly, J. and Kon, S. K. 1949. The conversion of P-carotene to vitamin A in the intestine. Br. J. Nutr. 3: 5078.
Vuilleumier, J.-P., Keller, H. E., Gysel, D. and Hunziker, F. 1983. Clinical chemical methods for the routine assessment of the vitamin status in human populations. Int. J. Vit. Nutr. Res. 53: 265–272.
Wang, J. Y. and Larson, L. L. 1983. Effect of betacarotene supplementation on oestrous activity in dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 66: Suppl. 1, p. 239 (Abstr.).
Wang, J. Y., Larson, L. L. and Owen, F. G. 1982. Effect of beta-carotene supplementation on reproductive performance of dairy heifers. Theriogenology 18: 461473.
West, C. E., Annison, E. F. and Linzell, J. L. 1967. Mode of uptake of triglyceride by the goat mammary gland. Biochem. J. 104: 59P60P.
Zucker, H., Kreutzberg, Ortrud, Hoi, I., Wich, W., Matzke, D., Kogel, J. and Burgstaller, G. 1980. [Researches on the supply of (5-carotene and vitamin A to dairy cows. 2. Effect on the concentration in milk and clinical, gynecological and hormonal findings.] Zentbl. Vet Med. A 27: 525533.

Effect of dietary carotene on fertility of high-yielding dairy cows

  • I. Ascarelli (a1), Z. Edelman (a2), Miriam Rosenberg (a3) and Y. Folman (a3)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed