Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Chaffed or ground straw and lucerne in the diet of the early-weaned calf

  • Jane Leibholz (a1) and C. L. Russell (a1)

Abstract

An experiment was conducted with 72 male British Friesian calves between 5 and 11 weeks of age. The major treatments were the inclusion of 0, 20 or 40% wheat straw or 20, 40 or 60% lucerne in a complete pelleted diet. The roughage was either ground or chaffed. A methane inhibitor was included in the diets given to 36 of the calves. The weight gains of the calves were greater with diets containing lucerne than with those containing wheat straw. Grinding increased the intake of wheat straw but depressed intake of lucerne. The apparent digestibility of dry matter and acid detergent fibre, which was greater for the diets containing lucerne than for the diets containing wheat straw, was reduced by grinding both roughages.

Inclusion of the methane inhibitor in the diets increased the feed intakes and weight gains of the calves given the all-concentrate diet and the diets containing wheat straw, but not those given the diets containing lucerne.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 1970. Official Methods of Analysis. 11th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
Balch, C. C. and Campling, R. C. 1962. Regulation of voluntary food intake in rumi- nants. Nutr. Abstr. Rev. 32: 669686.
Blaxter, K. L. and Clapperton, J. L. 1965. Prediction of the amount of methane produced by ruminants. Br. J. Nutr. 19: 511522.
Hodgson, J. 1973. The effect of the physical form of the diet on the consumption of solid food by calves, and the distribution of food residues in their alimentary tracts. Anim. Prod. 17: 129138.
Jahn, E., Chandler, P. T. and Polan, C. E. 1970. Effects of fiber and ratio of starch to sugar on performance of ruminating calves. J. Dairy Sci. 53: 466474.
Kang, H. S. and Leibholz, Jane. 1973. The roughage requirement of the early-weaned calf. Anim. Prod. 16: 195203.
Kellaway, R.C., Grant, T. and Chudleigh, J. W. 1973. The effect of roughage and buffers in the diet of the early weaned calves. Aust. J. exp. Agric. Anim. Husb. 13: 225228.
Leibholz, Jane. 1975a. Ground roughage in the diet of the early-weaned calf. Anim. Prod. 20: 93100.
Leibholz, Jane. 1975b. The development of ruminant digestion in the calf. I. The digestion of barley and soya bean meal. Aust. J. agric. Res. 26: 10811091.
Leibholz, Jane and Kang, H. S. 1973. The crude protein requirement of the early-weaned calf given urea, meat meal or soya bean meal with and without sulphur supplementation. Anim. Prod. 17: 257265.
Leibholz, Jane and Naylor, R. 1971. The effect of urea in the diet of the early-weaned calf on weight gain, nitrogen and sulphur balance, and plasma urea and free amino acid concentrations. Aust. J. agric. Res. 22: 655662.
Levy, D., Amir, S., Holzer, Z. and Neumark, H. 1972. Ground and pelleted straw and hay for fattening Israeli-Friesian male calves. Anim. Prod. 15: 157165.
Ørskov, E. R., Fraser, C. and Corse, E. L. 1970. The effect on protein utilization of feeding different protein supplements via the rumen or via the abomasum in young growing sheep. Br. J. Nutr. 24: 803809.
Owen, J. B., Davies, D. A. R. and Ridgman, W. J. 1969. The control of voluntary food intake in ruminants. Anim. Prod. 11: 511520.
Stobo, I. J. F., Roy, J. H. B. and Gaston, Helen J. 1966. Rumen development in the calf. 1. The effect of diets containing different proportions of concentrates to hay on rumen development. Br. J. Nutr. 20: 171188.
Strozinski, L. L. and Chandler, P. T. 1971. Effects of dietary fiber and acid-detergent lignin on body fill of ruminating calves. J. Dairy Sci. 54: 14911495.
Trei, J. E. and Scott, G. C. 1971. Performance of steers on the methane inhibitor—HCS. J. Anim. Sci. 33: 301302 (Abstr.).
Trei, J. E., Scott, G. C. and Parish, R. C. 1972. Influence of methane inhibition on energetic efficiency of lambs. J. Anim. Sci. 34: 510515.
Van soest, P. J. 1963. Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. II. A rapid method for the determination of fibre and lignin. J. Ass. off. agric. Chem. 46: 829835.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed