Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The behaviour of pigs in a semi-natural environment

  • A. Stolba (a1) and D. G. M. Wood-Gush (a1)

Abstract

In order to obtain a better knowledge of the behaviour of the domestic pig, a small population was established in 1978 near Edinburgh in an enclosure with several types of habitat, including woodland and bog. Over a 3·5-year period 13 different groups were studied with each group typically containing a boar, four sows, a young sub-adult boar and an immature gilt. The sow and her piglets were allowed to determine the time of weaning and, apart from providing food for maintenance and reproduction, handling was kept to a minimum. The behaviour of these pigs, which included most of the behaviour of the European wild boar, is described in a general manner for the non-specialist.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Beuerle, W. 1975. Freilanduntersuchungen zum Kampf-und Sexualverhalten des europaischen Wildschweines. Zeiachrift für Tierpsychologie 39: 211258.
Craig, J. V. 1981. Domestic Animal Henavwur: Causes and Irnpiications for Animal Care and Management. Prentice Hall, New Jersey.
Ewbank, R. and Meese, G. B. 1974. Individual recognition and the dominance hierarchy in the domesticated pig. The role of sight. Animal Behaviour 22: 473480.
Fradrich, H. 1974. A comparison of behaviour in the Suidae. In The Behaviour of Ungulates and Its Relation to Management. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Publication No. 24, pp. 133143. Morges, Switzerland.
Fraser, D. 1973. The nursing and suckling behaviour of pigs. I. The importance of stimulation of the anterior teats. British Veterinary Journal 129: 324336.
Fraser, D. 1976. The nursing posture of domestic sows and related behaviour. Behaviour 57: 5163.
Giffen, J. 19681972. The ecology of the feral pig in Hawaii. Pittman-Robertson Project No. W–15–3., Study No. 11.
Gundlach, H. 1965. Brutfürsorge, Brutpflege, Verhaltensontogenese und Tagesperiodik beim Europäischen Wildschwein. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 25: 955995.
Hone, J. 1980. Effect of feral pig rooting on introduced and native pasture in north eastern New South Wales. Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science 46: 131132.
Hone, J. and O'grady, J. 1980. Feral pigs and their control. Bulletin, New South Wales Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Production, A4.1.1.
Hone, J., O'grady, J. and Pedersen, H. 1980. Decisions on the control of feral pig damage. Agricultural Bulletin, New South Wales Department of Agriculture, No. 5.
Hutton, R. C. M. 1983. The development of social behaviour in piglets. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Edinburgh.
Iff, U. 1975. Verhaltensbeobachtungen beim Schwarzwild. Feld, Wald, Wasser Schweizerische Jagdzeitung 3: 210.
Jensen, P., Floren, K. and Hobroh, B. 1987. Peri-parturient changes in behaviour of free-ranging domestic pigs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 17: 6976.
Jensen, P. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1984. Social interactions in a group of free-ranging sows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 12: 327337.
Kiley-Worthington, M. 1976. The tail movements of ungulates, canids and felids with particular reference to their causation and function as displays. Behaviour 56: 69115.
Krosniunas, E. H. 1979. Social facilitation and foraging behavior of the feral pig (Sus scrofa) on Santa-Cruz Island, California. M.A. Thesis, Zoology Department, University of California, Davis.
Kurz, J. C. and Marchinton, R. C. 1972. Radiotelemetry studies of feral pigs in South Carolina. Juornal of Wildlife Management 36: 12401248.
Marteys, M. 1977. Das Flehmen der Schweine. Suidae. Zoologischer Anzeiger Jena 199: 433440.
Meynhardt, H. 1978. Schwarzwild — Report. Verlag Neumann-Neudamm, Nelsungen.
Newberry, R. C. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1985. The suckling behaviour of domestic pigs in a semi-natural environment. Behaviour 95: 1125.
Newberry, R. C. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1986. Social relationships of piglets in a semi-natural environment. Animal Behaviour 34: 13111318.
Newberry, R. C. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1988. Development of some behaviour patterns in piglets under semi-natural conditions. Animal Production 46: 103109.
Pine, D. S. and Gerdes, G. L. 1973. Wild pigs in Monterey County, California. California Fish and Game 59: 126137.
Pond, W. G. and Houpt, K. A. 1978. The Biology of the Pig. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Signoret, J. P., Baldwin, B. A., Fraser, D. and Hafez, E. S. E. 1975. The behaviour of swine. In The Behaviour of Domestic Animals (ed. Hafez, E. S. E.), pp. 295–329. Bailliere Tindall, London.
Stolba, A. 1981. A family system in enriched pens as a novel method of pig housing. In Alternatives to Intensive Husbandry Systems, Proceedings of the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare Symposium, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire, pp. 5267.
Stolba, A. 1983. Verhaltenmuster von Hausschweinen in einem Freigehege (Bemerkungen zum Film). KTBL-Schrift 299: 106115.
Stolba, A. 1988. Ethograms of the domestic pig and European wild boar. In The Library of the Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, pp. 287298.
Stolba, A. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1980. Arousal and exploration in growing pigs in different environments. Applied Animal Ethology 6: 382383.
Stolba, A. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1981a. The assessment of behavioural needs of pigs under free-range and confined conditions. Applied Animal Ethology 7: 388389.
Stolba, A. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1981b. Verhaltensgliederung und Reaktion auf Neureize als ethologische Kriterien zur Beurteilung von Haltungsbedingungen. In Aktuelle Arbeiten zur artgemässen Tierhaltung. KTBL-Schrift 264: 110128.
Stolba, A. and Wood-Gush, D. G. M. 1983. The identification of behavioural key features and their incorporation into a housing design for pigs. Annales de Recherches Veterinaires 15: 287298.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Animal Science
  • ISSN: 1357-7298
  • EISSN: 1748-748X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed