Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7ccbd9845f-692xr Total loading time: 0.301 Render date: 2023-02-01T07:17:01.537Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Musk deer farming in China

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  09 March 2007

Meng Xiuxiang*
Affiliation:
Institute of Rare and Precious Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong, 637002, People's Republic of China School of Life and Environment Sciences, Central University for Nationalities, 27 Zhong GuanCun, NanDaJie, Beijing, 100081, People's Republic of China Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 18 Bei-S-iHuan-Xi-Lu, Beijing, 100080, People's Republic of China
Zhou Caiquan
Affiliation:
Institute of Rare and Precious Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong, 637002, People's Republic of China
Hu Jinchu
Affiliation:
Institute of Rare and Precious Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong, 637002, People's Republic of China
Li Cao
Affiliation:
Institute of Rare and Precious Animals and Plants, China West Normal University, Nanchong, 637002, People's Republic of China
Meng Zhibin
Affiliation:
Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 18 Bei-S-iHuan-Xi-Lu, Beijing, 100080, People's Republic of China
Feng Jinchao
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environment Sciences, Central University for Nationalities, 27 Zhong GuanCun, NanDaJie, Beijing, 100081, People's Republic of China
Zhou Yijun
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environment Sciences, Central University for Nationalities, 27 Zhong GuanCun, NanDaJie, Beijing, 100081, People's Republic of China
Zhu Yinjiu
Affiliation:
School of Life and Environment Sciences, Central University for Nationalities, 27 Zhong GuanCun, NanDaJie, Beijing, 100081, People's Republic of China
Get access

Abstract

Five musk deer species (genus Moschus) are distributed in China, and the present estimated numbers in the wild are between 220 000 and 320 000. Population size of musk deer has dropped significantly due to historical over-hunting and loss or degradation of their habitat. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. In China, musk deer farming and extracting musk from the captive musk deer have been reasonably successful since the early 1950s. At present three species of musk deer, namely forest (Moschus Berezovskii), alpine (M. sifanicus) and Siberian (M. moschiferus) musk deer are farmed in China and, of these, the forest musk deer is the main captive population. The present patterns of musk deer farming in China, however, need to be improved and developed into more economic and scientific modes in order to improve the rate of survival and reproduction, and to increase the production of musk.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © British Society of Animal Science 2006

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Deng, F. 1989. [The farming of musk deer.] Shaanxi People's Education Press, Xian.Google Scholar
Green, M. J. B. 1986. The distribution, status and conservation of Himalayan musk deer (Muschus chrysogaster). Biological Conservation 35: 347375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Homes, V. 1999. On the scent: conservation of musk deer – the uses of musk and Europe's role in its trade. TRAFFIC, Europe.Google Scholar
Homes, V. 2004. No licence to kill: the population and harvest of musk deer and trade in musk in the Russian Federation and Mongolia. TRAFFIC, Europe.Google Scholar
Jiang, Y. 1998. [The reproduction of captive Alpine musk deer.] Chinese Journal of Zoology 21: 2325.Google Scholar
Jiang, Z., Meng, Z. and Wang, J. 2002. Report for the Musk Market Survey. pp. 2542. Endangered Species Scientific Commission of the People's Republic of China.Google Scholar
Meng, X. (2002) [Studies on the behavioral ecology of the captive alpine musk deer.] Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
Meng, X., Yang, Q. F. Z., Xia, L., Wang, P. and Jiang, Y. 2002a. [Seasonal active patterns of captive musk deer (Mochus sifanicus).] Acta Theriologica Sinica 22: 8797.Google Scholar
Meng, X., Yang, Q. F. Z., Xia, L., Wang, P. and Jiang, Y. 2002b. [Temporal patterns of captive musk deer (Mochus sifanicus) during post-rut.] Journal of Zoology 37: 3542.Google Scholar
Meng, X., Yang, Q. F. Z., Xia, L., Wang, P. and Jiang, Y. 2003a. [Timing and synchrony of parturition in alpine musk deer]. Folia Zoologica 52: 3950.Google Scholar
Meng, X., Yang, Q. F. Z., Xia, L., Wang, P. and Jiang, Y. 2003b. The temporal estrous patterns of female alpine musk deer in captivity. Applied Animal Behavior Science 82: 7585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Parry-Jones, R. and Wu, J. Y. 2001b. Musk deer farming as a conservation tool in China. TRAFFIC, East Asia, Hong Kong.Google Scholar
Sheng, H. 1998. [Moschus spp.] In China red data book of endangered animals (ed. Wang, S.), pp. 231245, Science Press, Beijing.Google Scholar
Sheng, H. 1990. Musk deer and musk. In Dissertations in zoology (ed. Wang, S. and Hu, Z.), pp. 215219. Beijing Normal University Publishing House, Beijing.Google Scholar
Sheng, H. and Ohtaishi, N. 1993. The status of deer in China. In Deer of China: biology and management (ed. Ohtaishi, N. and Sheng, H.), pp. 1429. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
Shrestha, M. N. 1998. Animal welfare in the musk deer. Applied Animal Behavior Science 59: 245250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, Q., Meng, X. and Feng, Z. 2003. Conservation status and causes of decline of musk deer (Moschus spp.) in China. Biological Conservation 109: 333342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zhang, B. 1979. The taming and raising of musk deer. Agriculture Press, Beijing.Google Scholar
Zhang, B. 1983. Musk deer: their capture, domestication and care according to Chinese experience and methods. Unasylva 35: 1624.Google Scholar
Zhou, J. 2000. [The farming of musk deer in Sichuan Province.] Chinese Wildlife 4: 14.Google Scholar
35
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Musk deer farming in China
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Musk deer farming in China
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Musk deer farming in China
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *