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Effect of feeding frequency on diurnal variation in plasma and urinary purine derivatives in steers

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 September 2010

X. B. Chen
Affiliation:
Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB2 9SB
G. Grubic
Affiliation:
Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB2 9SB
E. R. Ørskov
Affiliation:
Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB2 9SB
P. Osuji
Affiliation:
International Livestock Centre for Africa, PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract

The diurnal changes in plasma concentration and urinary excretion of purine derivatives (PD) were examined in four steers given their food in either one or two meals daily in two 18-day periods. In period 1, two steers were fed once daily (at 08.00 h) and the other two twice daily (at 08.00 and 16.00 h). In period 2, the treatments were switched. In the last 4 days of each period, plasma samples were taken from 08.00 to 24.00 h at 2 to 3 h intervals, and daily urine was collected in several 4 to 8h periods. With once daily feeding, allantoin concentration in plasma varied from 090 to 1·07 of the daily mean and with twice daily feeding, from 0·97 to 1·05 of mean. The coefficient of variation (CV) for total variation was 0·14. In urine, the concentration and hourly excretion of PD varied with sampling times (P < 0·05) but the ratio of PD to creatinine was relatively constant even for once-daily feeding (CV, 0·02 for measurements at different times). The CV for total variation in the ratio was 0·19. The results suggest that diurnal variation in plasma allantoin concentration and in the ratio of allantoin (or total PD) to creatinine are relatively small even for once daily feeding. It thus seems that these measurements in spot samples may be suitable for use as a simple index of microbial protein supply if they are correlated with the daily PD excretion. The results also indicate that measurements in samples of plasma and urine taken between 15.00 and 20.00 h tended to give a better representation of the daily mean.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © British Society of Animal Science 1992

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References

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