Senegal owns an important and growing equine livestock. The horse takes a preponderant position in the Senegalese economy. Much appreciated as light draught animal for ploughing and transport and as race horse, MBayar pony, the most important indigenous breed, is docile, sober and tough.
The study was performed on 612 Mbayar horses between October 1994 and January 1996. Moreover 397 animals were examined during veterinarian consultations.
Under rural conditions, the age of first foaling is about 4 years. The fecundity rate is 41.7 %. The birth weight is 30.2 ± 2.2 kg and yearling weight 134.7 ± 33.0 kg. At mature age, the male weight is 245.6 ± 34.0 kg and the female 230.9 ± 29.7 kg. The perinatal mortality rate is 13 %.
Malnutrition, lack of care, overwork, and prophylactic measures and the low knowledge along with low income of the breeders explain the poor productivity of this indigenous breed.