Italian autochthonous goats have been discriminated for centuries, first by laws which have limited their rearing, then because foreign breeds, such as Saanen and Alpine, were preferred. Recently, this trend changed and now the number of autochthonous goats is increasing. In Italy, the only goat which can be considered as being wild is the Capra di Montecristo. Among domesticated goats, the Vallese is classified as Capra prisca; the Maltese, the Rossa Mediterranea, the Garganica, the Orobica, the Frontalasca, the Verzaschese, the Sarda, the Argentata dell'Etna and the Locale are classified as Capra hircus hircus while the Girgentana is classified as Capra hircus girgentana.
Data have been published on the production and reproduction of each of these breeds, on the importance of the populations and on development trends; many reports exist on the rearing areas of these breeds.