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The Majorero camel (Camelus dromedarius) breed

  • U. Schulz (a1), Y. Mínguez (a2), M.L. Checa (a2), P. García-Atance (a2), S. Dunner (a2), D. García (a2) and J. Cañón (a2)...

Summary

A brief historical, morphologic and behavioural review of the camel Fuerteventura breed (Majorero) is presented. Genetic variability within the breed was analysed (n = 10) using 11 microsatellite markers, neutral to the selection, and compared with an African camel population (n = 37). In spite of the fact that there are significantly fewer Majorero camels than African, the level of inbreeding, measured by means of the statistic FIS, is almost 3 times higher in the African camel, (3.2 versus 8.7). The set of markers used shows significant differences between the two populations, (FST = 3.1%) and provides sufficient discrimination (> 99%) to carry out a proper control of parentage in the studbook. Nevertheless, the molecular information available does not manage to assign the individuals into clusters corresponding to its population.

Se presenta una revisión breve de la historia, morfología y comportamiento de la raza de camello de Fuerteventura (Majorero). La variabilidad genética dentro de la raza fue analizada (n=10) utilizando 11 marcadores de microsatélites, neutros en la selección, y comparando con la población africana de camellos (n=37). A pesar del hecho que existan de forma significativa menos ejemplares de camellos Majorero en comparación con los africanos, el nivel de consanguinidad, medido utilizando el sistema de estadística FIS, es por lo menos, 3 veces mayor en el camello africano (3,2 frente a 8,7). El grupo de marcadores utilizado muestra diferencias significativas entre las dos poblaciones (FST = 3,1%) y provee suficiente discriminación (> 99%) para llevar a cabo un control de parentesco en el libro genealógico. En todo caso, la información molecular disponible no basta para colocar cada individuo dentro los clusters correspondientes a su población.

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