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EL GANADO CRIOLLO COLOMBIANO BLANCO OREJINEGRO (BON)

  • G. Martinez Correal (a1)

Resumen

Este artículo describe brevemente el origen de los, bovinos “criollos” en Colombia, el nicho ecológico donde ha prosperado el ganado criollo Blanco Orejinegro (BON) y las principales características zootécnicas y productivas de esta raza. Se presentan los resultados de heterosis hallados en planes de cruzamiento con las razas Cebú (Brahman), Charolais y Santa Gertrudis.

This paper describes briefly the origin of the “Criollo” cattle in Colombia. The ecological environment where the Blanco Orejinegro (BON) cattle has prospered and the main zootechnical and production characteristics of this breed are discussed. The heterosis results obtained when crossbreeding the Zebu (Brahman), Charolais and Santa Gertrudis breeds are also briefly presented.

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References

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Boteró, M. F (1976): Ganado Blanco Orejinegro. Razas criollas colombianas. Instituto Colombiano Agrpecuario (ICA). Manual de Asistencia Técnica No. 21:17.
Dickerson, G. E. (1969): Experimental Approaches in utilizing breed resources. Animal Breeding Abstracts. 37(2):191.
Frahm, RR y Marshall, D. M. (1985): Comparisons among two-breed cross cows groups. I. Cow productivity and calf performance to weaning. J. Anim. Sci. 61:844.
Hernandez, B. G. (1976): Genetic factors in beef cattle crosses in Colombia. Ph. D. Dissertation. Colorado State University, Fórt Collins, Colorado. USA.
Salazar, B. (1971): Raza Blanco Orejinegro (BON) ganado de leche en El Nus. ICA. Pub. Misc. 22:36.
Salazar, J. J. y Cardozo, A. (1981): Desarrollo del ganado criollo en América Latina: resumen histórico y distribución actual. Ganado criollo y especies de altura. Roma, Italia, FAO 22:8.
Staffe, A. I. (1956): Granja Experimental Pecuaria E1 Nus. Agric. Trop. (Col) 7:471.
Stonaker, H. H. (1971): Animal breeding in the tropics of Latin America. J. Anim. Sci. 33:1.
Trail, J. C. M., Gregory, K. E. Marples, H. J. S. y Kakonge, J. (1985): Comparison of Bostaurus, Bos indicus breed crosses with straightbred Bos indicus breeds of cattle for maternal and individual traits. J. Anim. Sci. 60: 1181.

EL GANADO CRIOLLO COLOMBIANO BLANCO OREJINEGRO (BON)

  • G. Martinez Correal (a1)

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