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EL CERDO ZUNGO

  • R. Sabogal Ospina (a1) and A. A. Owen B. (a2)

Resumen

El cerdo Zungo, constituye una fuente importante de ingreso para muchos campesinos colombianos a nivel de pequeás explotaciones de subsistencia.

Este cerdo es un animal de piel negra, pelo escaso, anca caída y poco jamón. Des cerdo Zungo existen tres tipos: el mediano, el choncho y el chuzo.

La monta de las hembras Zungo se debe realizar aproximadamente a los siete meses de edad, con un peso de 70-75 kg. y los verracos deben entrar en servicio después de los ocho meses de edad, con un peso aproximado de 80 kg.

Con un manejo mejorado los cerdos híbridos producto del cruce de cerdos Zungo puro con hembras Duroc puro, se comportan de forma intermedia en comparaión a los lechones puros Zungo y Duroc desde el nacimiento hasta el destete.

Desde el destete (56 días) hasta los 90 kg de peso promedio, los cerdos Zungo presentaron un aumento diario de peso y una conversión alimenticia inferiores a los Duroc que no difirieron significativamente de los cruces Zungo x Duroc y Duroc x Zungo.

The Zungo pig is an important source of income for many Colombian farmers who practice small scale subsistence agriculture.

This pig is an animal with black colored skin, scarse bristles, slopping hind quarter and small hind legs. There are three types of Zungo pigs: “mediano” “choncho” and “chuzo”.

Mating of Zungo females must take place approximately when seven months old, with a wight of 70–75 kg. and boars should be used at eight months, at an approximate weight of 80 kg.

With improved management, crossbred pigs of purebred Zungo males with purebred Duroc females have an intermediate behaviour compared with purline Zungo and Duroc piglets from birth to weaning.

From weaning (56 days) to 90 kg average weight, Zungo pigs have a daily weight gain and feed conversion efficency lower than Duroc but that did not significantly differ from Zungo x Duroc and Duroc x Zungo.

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Copyright

References

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Cabeza, M. A. (1976): Estudio comparativo de la raza nativa de cerdos Zungo con razas mejoradas. Tesis Mag. Sci. Bogotá, UN-ICA. pp. 30125.
MINISTERIO DE AGRICULTURA (1985): Diagnóstico de la actividad porcícola en Colombia. Bogotá, 100 p.
Diaz, R (1965): Ganado porcino. Barcelona, Salvat. pp. 107109.
Hernandez, G., Botero, M., Gonzalez, F. y Rubio, R. (1976): Razas criollas colombianas. Manual de Asistencia Técnica. ICA. Boletín No 21. p. 2.
Kleemann, G. (1977): Beitrag zur Kenntnis von Leistungseigenschaften und physiologischen Parametern von Zungo- und Duroc-Schweinen und ihren Kreuzungen unter tropischen Umweltbedingungen (Kolumbien), Berlin, Institut für Tierproduktion der Technischen z Universitát Berlin. pp. 3566. (D 83 Nz 78).
Peña, M. y Mora, C. (1977): Historia de Colombia. Bogotá. Norma. pp. 8188.
Pinheiro, M. (1976): Los cerdos. Buenos Aires. Hemisferio Sur p. 18.

EL CERDO ZUNGO

  • R. Sabogal Ospina (a1) and A. A. Owen B. (a2)

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