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Assessment of institutional capacities of the Gambia Indigenous Livestock Multipliers’ Associations

  • O. F. Olaniyan (a1), N. N. Fall-Diop (a2), B. Faye (a2), A. Secka (a1), O.B. Smith (a1) and M. Kebbeh (a2)...

Summary

This exploratory study aims to understand and improve the performance of Gambia Indigenous Livestock Multipliers’ Associations (GILMA – Fulladu and Saloum) as a way of enabling them to better respond to the challenges faced in fulfilling their institutional responsibilities. Using participatory institutional diagnosis, the GILMA members and experts were able to examine their associations and to stimulate collective reflection as a means of making the associations more efficient and effective. The findings of this diagnosis showed that functioning of both GILMAs was closely linked to the operations of their technical partners. This resulted to GILMAs which clearly lack defined vision and mission. Main issues to address include capacity development of GILMA's executive committee in terms of institutional management, group facilitation, participatory planning, effective strategies for partnership and ownership. Overall, this study developed pathways for revitalizing GILMAs into vibrant and self-sustaining indigenous ruminant livestock multipliers’ associations that can effectively carry out specific roles and responsibilities within the three-tier Open Nucleus Breeding Scheme of the International Trypanotolerance Centre.

Cette étude exploratoire a été menée pour comprendre et améliorer la performance des Associations Gambiennes de Multiplicateurs de Bétail Autochtone (Gambia Indigenous Livestock Multipliers’ Association/GILMA Fulladu and Saloum) et leur permettre ainsi de mieux relever les défis de l'accomplissement de leurs responsabilités institutionnelles. Grâce au diagnostic institutionnel participatif, les membres de GILMA et les experts ont pu examiner les bases fondamentales des associations et stimuler une réflexion collective pour les relancer et les rendre plus efficaces et efficientes. Les résultats de ce diagnostic ont montré que le fonctionnement de deux GILMAs était étroitement lié aux opérations des partenaires techniques avec des membres qui identifiaient leur mission et leur vision par rapport aux activités de leurs partenaires. En conséquence, les GILMAs ont manqué d'identité précise et indépendante. Les principaux problèmes à régler, à cet égard, incluront le développement des capacités du comité exécutif de chaque GILMA en gestion organisationnelle et planification participative ainsi que des stratégies efficaces de partenariat et d'appropriation. Dans l'ensemble, cette étudie a balisé les voies pour revitaliser les deux GILMAs en associations dynamiques et autonomes de multiplicateurs de bétail ruminant autochtone qui peuvent s'acquitter efficacement de rôles et responsabilités spécifiques dans le système d'amélioration génétique à noyau ouvert à trois-niveau du Centre International sur la Trypanotolérance.

Con este estudio exploratorio, se pretende conocer y mejorar el trabajo de las Asociaciones de Criadores de Ganado Autóctono de Gambia (GILMA – Fulladu y Saloum), con el fin de permitirles dar una mejor respuesta a los desafíos a los que se enfrentan en el cumplimiento de sus responsabilidades institucionales. Al usar un diagnóstico institucional participativo, los miembros y expertos de GILMA fueron capaces de examinar sus asociaciones y de incentivar la reflexión colectiva, como modo de hacer las asociaciones más eficaces y eficientes. Los resultados de este diagnóstico mostraron que el funcionamiento de ambas GILMAs dependió estrechamente de las acciones de sus colaboradores técnicos. De ello se deduce que las GILMAs claramente carecen de una visión y una misión definidas. Entre las principales cuestiones a abordar se incluye el desarrollo de las capacidades del comité ejecutivo de las GILMAs en términos de gestión institucional, facilitación de grupos, planificación participativa y estrategias eficaces para la asociación y la propiedad. En términos generales, este estudio marcó vías para la revitalización de las GILMAs como asociaciones dinámicas y autosostenibles de criadores de rumiantes autóctonos, capaces de desempeñar eficazmente roles y responsabilidades específicos dentro del Esquema de Selección de Núcleo Abierto de tres niveles del Centro Internacional de Tripanotolerancia.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence to: O. F. Olaniyan, International Trypanotolerance Centre, PMB 14, Banjul, The Gambia. email: ofolaniyan@hotmail.com

References

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Keywords

Assessment of institutional capacities of the Gambia Indigenous Livestock Multipliers’ Associations

  • O. F. Olaniyan (a1), N. N. Fall-Diop (a2), B. Faye (a2), A. Secka (a1), O.B. Smith (a1) and M. Kebbeh (a2)...

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