Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Ancient Maya Trading Ports and the Integration of Long-Distance and Regional Economies: Wild Cane Cay in South-Coastal Belize

  • Heather McKillop (a1)

Abstract

The importance of Maya sea trade was the sea's integrating role as provider of ritual and subsistence resources and ritual symbolism in the Maya economy. Coastal as opposed to inland transportation of obsidian and other exotics was enhanced because of coastal–inland exchange within the southern Maya lowlands. Results are presented on fieldwork conducted to investigate Maya sea trade by the South Coastal Archaeology in Belize (SCAB) project in the Port Honduras area of south-coastal Belize between Punta Gorda and Punta Negra. The research focused on identifying features characteristic of Maya trading ports that participated in long-distance trade and their impact on regional economies. The first part of the project, with fieldwork in 1982, identified the offshore island site of Wild Cane Cay as a trading port from the Classic through Postclassic periods (a.d. 300–1500). The discovery of some 30 sites during the second phase of the project, dating from the Protoclassic through the Postclassic periods (a.d. 1–1500), indicated that the coastal area had a long period of settlement in contrast to the inland area of southern Belize where settlement was concentrated during the Late Classic period (a.d. 600–900). The patterns of distribution of similar-sourced obsidian, and blades instead of cores within the south-coastal area indicated that some exotics were regionally distributed and that Wild Cane Cay was the nexus of regional distribution. The importance of coastal-inland exchange is underscored by the presence of specialized salt-production sites, coastal resources, and inland goods—notably “unit-stamped” pottery and moldmade figurine whistles.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Andrews, Anthony P. 1983 Maya Salt Production and Trade. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Andrews, Anthony P. 1990 The Role of Trading Ports in Maya Civilization. In Vision and Revision in Maya Studies, edited by Clancy, Flora S. and Harrison, Peter D., pp. 159167. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Andrews, Anthony P., Asaro, Frank, Michel, Helen V., Stross, Fred H., and Rivero, Pura Cervera 1989 The Obsidian Trade at Isla Cerritos, Yucatan, Mexico. Journal of Field Archaeology 16:355363.
Andrews, E. Wyllys IV 1969 The Archaeological Use and Distribution of Mollusca in the Maya Lowlands. Publication No. 34. Middle American Research Institute, Tulane University, New Orleans.
Ball, Joseph W. 1977 An Hypothetical Outline of Coastal Maya Prehistory: 300 B.C.-A.D. 1200. In Social Process in Maya Prehistory, edited by Hammond, Norman, pp. 365403. Academic Press, New York.
Borhegyi, Stephan F. de 1961 Shark's Teeth, Stingray Spines, and Shark Fishing in Ancient Mexico and Central America. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 17:273296.
Boxt, Matthew A. 1989 Initial Report of the 1986–87 Field Season at Sarteneja, Belize: A Coastal Site in Northern Belize. In Coastal Maya Trade, edited by McKillop, Heather and Healy, Paul F., pp. 2942. Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
Brandehoff-Pracht, Jodi 1995 Test Excavation at Pork and Doughboy Point, Belize. Unpublished Master's thesis, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
Braud, Melissa R. 1996 Underwater Test Excavations at David Westby Site, South Coastal Belize. Unpublished Master's thesis, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
Chapman, Anna 1957 Port of Trade Enclaves in Aztec and Maya Civilization. In Trade and Market in the Early Empires, edited by Polanyi, Karl, Arensberg, C.M., and Pearson, H.W., pp. 114153. Free Press, Glencoe, IL.
Chase, Diane Z. 1981 The Maya Postclassic at Santa Rita Corozal. Archaeology 34:2533.
Chase, Diane Z., and Chase, Arlen F. 1989 Routes of Trade and Communication and the Integration of Maya Society: The Vista From Santa Rita Corozal, Belize. In Coastal Maya Trade, edited by McKillop, Heather and Healy, Paul F., pp. 1932. Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
Clark, John E., Lee, Thomas A. Jr, and Salcedo, Tamara 1989 The Distribution of Obsidian. In Ancient Trade and Tribute: Economies of the Soconusco Region of Mesoamerica, edited by Voorhies, Barbara, pp. 268284. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Cobos, Rafael 1989 Shelling In: Marine Mollusca at Chichen Itza. In Coastal Maya Trade, edited by McKillop, Heather and Healy, Paul F., pp. 4958. Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
Craig, Alan K. 1966 Geography of Fishing in British Honduras and Adjacent Coastal Areas. Coastal Studies Technical Report No. 28(66). Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
Dillon, Brian D. 1977 Salinas de Los Nueve Cerros: Preliminary Archaeological investigations. Studies in Mesoamerican Art, Archaeology, and Ethnohistory No. 2. Ballena Press, Socorro, NM.
Dochstader, Frederick J. 1964 Indian Art of Middle America. American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Dreiss, Meredith L., and Brown, David O. 1989 Obsidian Exchange Patterns in Belize. In Prehistoric Maya Economies of Belize, edited by McAnany, Patricia A. and Isaac, Barry L., pp. 5790. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement No. 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
Dunham, Peter, Jamison, Thomas R., and Leventhal, Richard M. 1989 Secondary Development and Settlement Economies: The Classic Maya of Southern Belize. In Prehistoric Maya Economies of Belize, edited by McAnany, Patricia A. and Isaac, Barry L., pp. 255292. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement No. 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
Ekholm, Gordon F. 1950 Personal diary. Manuscript on file, American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Ford, Anabel, and Olson, Kirsten 1989 Aspects of Ancient Maya Household Economy: Variation in Chipped Stone Production and Consumption. In Prehistoric Maya Economies of Belize, edited by McAnany, Patricia A. and Isaac, Barry L., pp. 185211. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement No. 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
Freidel, David A. 1975 The Ix Chel Shrine and Other Temples of Talking Idols. In A Study of Pre-Columbian Commercial Systems: The 1972–73 Seasons at Cozumel, Mexico, edited by Sabloff, Jeremy A. and Rathje, William L., pp. 107113. Monographs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology No. 3. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Freidel, David A. 1978 Maritime Adaptations and the Rise of Maya Civilizations: The View from Cerros, Belize. In Prehistoric Coastal Adaptations, edited by Voorhies, Barbara and Stark, Barbara, pp. 239265. Academic Press, New York.
Freidel, David A. 1979 Culture Areas and Interaction Spheres: Contrasting Approaches to the Emergence of Civilization in the Maya Lowlands. American Antiquity 44:3654.
Freidel, David A. 1981 The Political Economies of Residential Dispersion Among the Lowland Maya. In Lowland Maya Settlement Patterns, edited by Ashmore, Wendy, pp. 371382. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Freidel, David A., and Sabloff, Jeremy A. 1984 Cozumel: Late Maya Settlement Patterns. Academic Press, New York.
Gann, Thomas W.F. 1911 Exploration Carried on in British Honduras During 1908–1909. Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology 4:7287, Liverpool.
Gann, Thomas W.F. 1917 Notes on Excavations at Indian Church, Wild Cane Cay, Kendal, Corozal, and San Antonio. Manuscript on file, Saville Files, American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Gann, Thomas W.F. 1918 The Maya Indians of Southern Yucatan and Northern British Honduras. Bulletin No. 64. Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
Graham, Elizabeth 1983 The Highlands of the Lowlands: Environment and Archaeology in the Stann Creek Valley, Belize, Central America. Ph.D. dissertation, Cambridge University. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
Graham, Elizabeth 1989 Brief Synthesis of Coastal Site Data from Colson Point, Placencia, and Marco Gonzalez, Belize, In Coastal Maya Trade, edited by McKillop, Heather and Healy, Paul F., pp. 135154, Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Department of Anthropology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
Graham, Elizabeth, and Pendergast, David M. 1989 Excavations at the Marco Gonzalez Site, Ambergris Cay, Belize, 1986. Journal of Field Archaeology 16:116.
Guderjan, Thomas H., and Garber, James F. (editors) 1995 Maya Maritime Trade, Settlement, and Population on Ambergris Caye, Belize. Labyrinthes Press, Culver City, CA.
Guderjan, Thomas H., Garber, James F., and Smith, Herman A. 1989 Maritime Trade on Ambergris Cay, Belize. In Coastal Maya Trade, edited by McKillop, Heather and Healy, Paul F., pp. 123133. Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
Guderjan, Thomas H., Garber, James F., Smith, Herman A., Stross, Fred, Michel, Helen V., and Asaro, Frank 1989 Maya Maritime Trade and Sources of Obsidian at San Juan, Ambergris Cay, Belize. Journal of Field Archaeology 16:363369.
Hammond, Norman 1972 Obsidian Trade Routes in the Mayan Area. Science 178: 10921093.
Hammond, Norman 1975 Lubaantun: A Classic Maya Realm. Monographs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology No. 2. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.
Hammond, Norman 1976 Maya Obsidian Trade in Southern Belize. In Maya Lithic Studies, edited by Hester, Thomas R. and Hammond, Norman, pp. 7181. Special Report No. 4. Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas, San Antonio.
Hammond, Norman, Neivens, Mary D., and Harbottle, Garman 1984 Trace Element Analysis of Obsidian Artifacts from a Classic Maya Residential Group at Nohmul, Belize. American Antiquity 49:815820.
Healy, Paul F., McKillop, Heather, and Walsh, Bernetta 1984 Analysis of Obsidian from Moho Cay, Belize: New Evidence on Classic Maya Trade Routes. Science 225:414417.
Joyce, Thomas A. 1929 Report on the British Museum Expedition to British Honduras, 1929. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 59:439459.
Kidder, Alfred V. 1954 Miscellaneous Archaeological Specimens from Mesoamerica. Notes on Middle American Archaeology and Ethnology 117:526. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC.
Lange, Frederick W. 1971 Marine Resources: A Viable Subsistence Alternative for the Prehistoric Lowland Maya. American Anthropologist 73:619639.
Lange, Frederick W., and Carty, F.M. 1975 Adaptation of the Flotation Technique to Salt Water. Journal of Field Archaeology 2:119123.
Leventhal, Richard 1991 Southern Belize: An Ancient Maya Region. In Vision and Revision in Maya Studies, edited by Clancy, Flora S. and Harrison, Peter D., pp. 125141. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
MacKinnon, J. Jefferson 1989 Coastal Maya Trade Routes in Southern Belize. In Coastal Maya Trade, edited by McKillop, Heather and Healy, Paul F., pp. 111122. Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Department of Anthropology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
MacKinnon, J. Jefferson, and Kepecs, Susan M. 1989 Prehispanic Maya Saltmaking in Belize: New Evidence. American Antiquity 54:522533.
McKillop, Heather 1980 Moho Cay, Belize: Preliminary Investigations of Trade, Settlement, and Marine Resource Exploitation. Master's thesis, Department of Anthropology, Trent University. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
McKillop, Heather 1984 Prehistoric Maya Reliance on Marine Resources: Analysis of a Midden from Moho Cay, Belize. Journal of Field Archaeology 11:2535.
McKillop, Heather 1985 Prehistoric Exploitation of the Manatee in the Maya and Circum-Caribbean Areas. World Archaeology 16:337353.
McKillop, Heather 1987 Wild Cane Cay: An Insular Classic Period to Postclassic Period Maya Trading Station. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
McKillop, Heather 1989 Coastal Maya Trade: Obsidian Densities at Wild Cane Cay, Belize. In Prehistoric Maya Economies of Belize, edited by McAnany, Patricia and Isaac, Barry, pp. 1953. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement No. 4. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
McKillop, Heather 1994a Traders of the Maya Coast: Five Field Seasons in the Swamps of South Coastal Belize. Mexicon 16:115119.
McKillop, Heather 1994b Modeling Classic Maya Settlement and Sea Level Changes in South-Coastal Belize. Paper Presented at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association, Atlanta.
McKillop, Heather 1994c Ancient Maya Tree Cropping: A Viable Subsistence Adaptation for the Island Maya. Ancient Mesoamerica 5:129140.
McKillop, Heather 1995a Underwater Archaeology, Salt Production, and Coastal Maya Trade at Stingray Lagoon, Belize. Latin American Antiquity 6: 214228.
McKillop, Heather 1995b The Role of Northern Ambergris Caye in Maya Obsidian Trade: Evidence from Visual Sourcing and Blade Technology. In Maya Maritime Trade, Settlement, and Population on Ambergris Caye, Belize, edited by Guderjan, Thomas H. and Garber, James, pp. 163174, Labyrinthes Press, Culver City, CA.
McKillop, Heather 1995c The 1994 Field Season in South-Coastal Belize. LSU Maya Archaeology News No. 1. Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
McKillop, Heather 1996a Prehistoric Maya Use of Native Palms: Archaeobotanical and Ethnobotanical Evidence. In The Managed Mosaic: Ancient Maya Agriculture and Resource Use, edited by Fedick, Scott. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, in press.
McKillop, Heather 1996b Ancient Maya Trade at Wild Cane Cay, Belize. Manuscript on file, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
McKillop, Heather, and Healy, Paul F. (editors) 1989 Coastal Maya Trade. Occasional Papers in Anthropology No. 8. Department of Anthropology, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada.
McKillop, Heather, and Herrmann, Stuart 1995 Chemical Analysis of Obsidian from South Coastal Belize: A Regional Perspective. Manuscript on file, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
McKillop, Heather, and Jackson, L.J. 1988 Ancient Maya Obsidian Sources and Trade Routes. In Obsidian Dates IV, edited by Meighan, Clement and Scalise, Janet, pp. 130141. Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles.
McKillop, Heather, Jackson, Lawrence, Michel, Helen, Stross, Fred, and Asaro, Frank 1988 Chemical Source Analysis of Maya Obsidian Artifacts: New Perspectives from Wild Cane Cay, Belize. In Archaeometry 88, edited by Farqhuar, Ron M., Hancock, Ron G.V., and Pavlish, Larry A., pp. 239244. Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto.
Marcus, Joyce 1983 Lowland Maya Archaeology at the Crossroads. American Antiquity 48:454488.
Miller, Arthur 1977 The Maya and the Sea: Trade and Cult at Tancah and Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico. In The Sea in the Pre-Columbian World, edited by Benson, Elizabeth, pp. 97140. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, DC.
Miller, Arthur 1985 The Postclassic Sequence of Tancah and Tulum, Quintana Roo, Mexico. In The Lowland Maya Postclassic, edited by Chase, Arlen F. and Rice, Prudence M., pp. 3149. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Mitchell-Hedges, Frederick 1931 Land of Wonder and Fear. Century, New York.
Neff, Hector 1989 Origins of Plumbate Pottery Production. In Ancient Trade and Tribute: Economies of the Soconusco Region of Mesoamerica, edited by Voorhies, Barbara, pp. 175193. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Nelson, Fred W. 1985 Summary of the Results of Analysis of Obsidian Artifacts from the Maya Lowlands. Scanning Electron Microscopy 11:631649.
Polanyi, Karl, Arensberg, C.M., and Pearson, H.W. (editors) 1957 Trade and Market in the Early Empires. Free Press, Glencoe, IL.
Rathje, William L. 1971 The Origin and Development of Lowland Classic Maya Civilization. American Antiquity 36:275285.
Rathje, William L., Gregory, David A., and Wiseman, Frederick M. 1978 Trade Models and Archaeological Problems: Classic Maya Examples, In Mesoamerican Communication Routes and Cultural Contacts, edited by Lee, Thomas A. and Navarrete, Carlos, pp. 147175. Paper No. 40. New World Archaeological Foundation, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.
Rathje, William L., and Sabloff, Jeremy A. 1975 Theoretical Background: General Models and Questions. In A Study of Changing Pre-Columbian Commercial Systems, edited by Sabloff, Jeremy A. and Rathje, William L., pp. 620. Monographs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology No. 3, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
Renfrew, Colin 1977 Alternative Models for Exchange and Spatial Distribution. In Exchange Systems in Prehistory, edited by Earle, Timothy K. and Ericson, Jonathon E., pp. 7190. Academic Press, New York.
Rice, Prudence M. 1984 Obsidian Procurement in the Central Peten Lakes Region, Guatemala. Journal of Field Archaeology 11:181194.
Rice, Prudence M., Michel, Helen V., Asaro, Frank, and Stross, Fred 1985 Provenience Analysis of Obsidian from the Central Peten Lake Region, Guatemala. American Antiquity 50:591604.
Rovner, Irwin 1975 Lithic Sequences from the Maya Lowlands. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
Rovner, Irwin 1976 A Method For Determining Obsidian Trade Patterns in the Maya Lowlands. Katunob 9(1):4351.
Sabloff, Jeremy A. 1977 Old Myths, New Myths: The Role of Sea Traders in the Development of Ancient Maya Civilization. In The Sea in the Pre-Columbian World, edited by Benson, Elizabeth, pp. 6795. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, DC.
Sabloff, Jeremy A., and Rathje, William L. (editors) 1975 A Study of Changing Pre-Columbian Commercial Systems: The 1972–73 Field Season at Cozumel, Mexico. Monographs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology No. 3. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
Santley, Robert, Kerley, Janet M., and Kneebone, Ronald R. 1986 Obsidian Working, Long-Distance Exchange, and the Politico-Economic Organization of Early States in Central Mexico. In Economic Aspects of Prehispanic Highland Mexico, edited by Isaac, Barry L., pp. 101132. Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement 2. JAI Press, Greenwich, CT.
Shafer, Harry J., and Hester, Thomas R. 1983 Ancient Maya Chert Workshops in Northern Belize, Central America. American Antiquity 48:519543.
Sheets, Payson D. 1974 Differential Change Among the Precolumbian Artifacts of Chalchuapa, El Salvador. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
Sheets, Payson D. 1978 From Craftsman to Cog: Quantitative Views of Mesoamerican Lithic Technology. In Papers on the Economy and Architecture of the Ancient Maya, edited by Sidrys, Raymond V., pp. 4071, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles.
Sheets, Payson, Hirth, Kenneth, Lange, Fred, Stross, Fred, Asaro, Frank, and Michel, Helen 1990 Obsidian Sources and Elemental Analyses of Artifacts in Southern Mesoamerica and the Northern Intermediate Area. American Antiquity 55:144158.
Sheets, Payson D., and Muto, Guy 1972 Pressure Blades and Total Cutting Edge. Science 175:632634.
Shipley, Webster E. III, and Graham, Elizabeth 1987 Petrographic Analysis and Preliminary Source Identification of Selected Stone Artifacts from Seibal and Uaxactun. Journal of Archaeological Science 14:367383.
Sidrys, Raymond V. 1976 Classic Maya Obsidian Trade. American Antiquity 41:449464.
Sidrys, Raymond V. 1977 Mass-Distance Measures for the Maya Obsidian Trade. In Exchange Systems in Prehistory, edited by Earle, Timothy K. and Ericson, Jonathon E., pp. 91107. Academic Press, New York.
Sidrys, Raymond V. 1979 Supply and Demand Among the Classic Maya. Current Anthropology 20:594597.
Sidrys, Raymond V., and Andresen, John 1976 Melate Import in Northern Belize. In Maya Lithic Studies, edited by Hester, Thomas R. and Hammond, Norman, pp. 177190. Special Report No. 4. Center for Archaeological Research, University of Texas, San Antonio.
Sluyter, Andrew 1993 Long-Distance Staple Transport in Western Mesoamerica: Insight Through Quantitative Modeling. Ancient Mesoamerica 4:193199.
Spence, Michael 1987 Report on the Burials of Wild Cane Cay, Belize, In Wild Cane Cay: An Insular Classic Period to Postclassic Period Trading Station, by Heather McKillop, pp. 282295. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara. University Microfilms, Ann Arbor.
Steiner, Edward P. 1994 Prehistoric Maya Settlement Along Joe Taylor Creek, Belize. Unpublished Master's thesis, Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge.
Stoddart, David R. 1962 Three Caribbean Atolls: Turneffe Islands, Lighthouse Reef, and Glover's Reef, British Honduras. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 87. Washington, DC.
Stross, Fred H., Bowman, H.R., Michel, Helen V., Asaro, Frank, and Hammond, Norman 1978 Mayan Obsidian: Source Correlations for Southern Belize Artifacts. Archaeometry 20:8393.
SirThompson, J. Eric S. 1970 Maya History and Religion. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
Voorhies, Barbara 1982 An Ecological Model of the Early Maya of the Central Lowlands. In Maya Subsistence, edited by Flannery, Kent V., pp. 6595. Academic Press, New York.
Voorhies, Barbara 1989 Whither the King's Traders? Reevaluating Fifteenth-Century Xoconochco as a Port of Trade. In Ancient Trade and Tribute, edited by Voorhies, Barbara, pp. 2147. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.
Wing, Elizabeth S. 1975 Animal Remains from Lubaantun. In Lubaantun, by Hammond, Norman, pp. 379382. Monographs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology No. 2. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
Wing, Elizabeth S. 1977 Factors Influencing the Exploitation of Marine Resources. In The Sea in the Pre-Columbian World, edited by Benson, Elizabeth, pp. 4766. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, DC.
Wright, A. Charles S., Romney, D.H., Arbuckle, R.H., and Vial, V.E. 1959 Land Use in British Honduras: Report of the British Land Use Survey Team. Colonial Research Publication No. 24. The Colonial Office, London.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ISSN: 0956-5361
  • EISSN: 1469-1787
  • URL: /core/journals/ancient-mesoamerica
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed