Skip to main content Accessibility help

The Dodecanese and W. Anatolia in Prehistory: Interrelationships, Ethnicity and Political Geography

  • E. M. Melas


The islands of the Dodecanese enjoy a favourable geographical position. They lie at one of the busiest and most important cross-roads of the eastern Mediterranean, and are readily accessible from all directions, including Asia Minor. In considering contacts with the latter, one has to take into account geographical factors such as distance, the nature of the terrain, and prevailing winds and surface currents. Geologically the Dodecanese form an extension of S.W. Asia Minor, known as Caria in historical times. This region is more or less cut off by mountains from the interior of the mainland, and land routes are either non-existent or very poor. The only direct route is provided by the port of call of Miletus which lies at the mouth of the Maeander (Grant 1969, 93). It is thus only natural for Caria to look towards the Aegean and the Dodecanese rather than elsewhere. Similarly, one should expect the Dodecanese to be in constant intercourse with the opposite coast. Indeed, the archaeological evidence seems to agree. The two areas appear to have shared a more or less common culture in prehistory (Dodecanese III, 178; Mee 1975).



Hide All
Aspripetra. Levi, Doro, “La grotta di Aspripetra a Coo”, AS Atene 8–9 (19251926) 235312.
Beycesultan. Lloyd, S. and Mellaart, J., Beycesultan. London 1962–.
Buchholz, H.G., 1973. “Grey Trojan ware in Cyprus and northern Syria”, in Crossland, R. and Birchall, A. (eds), Bronze Age Migrations in the Aegean, London, pp. 179–87.
Courtois, J.-C., 1971. “Sur divers groupes de vases Mycéniens en Méditerrannée orientale (1250–1150 Av. J. -C.”, in The Mycenaeans in the eastern mediterranean, Nicosia, pp. 137–65.
Craik, E., 1980. The Dorian Aegean. London.
Dodecanese I-III. Simpson, R. Hope and Lazenby, J., “Notes from the Dodecanese I-III”, BSA 57 (1962) 154–75, 65 (1970)47–77, 68(1973)47–77, 68(1973)127–79.
Fraser, P. M. and Bean, G. E., 1954. The Rhodian Peraea and the Islands. OUP.
French, D., 1968. Anatolia and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B.C. Ph.D. thesis, St. Catherines. Cambridge.
French, E. and Wardle, K. A. (eds), 1988. Problems in Greek Prehistory, proceedings of the 1986 Manchester conference. Bristol.
Furness, A., 1956. “Some early pottery from Samos, Kalymnos and Chios”, PPS 22 173212.
Furtwängler, A. and Löschke, G., 1886. Mykenische Vasen. Berlin.
Grant, M. 1969. The ancient Mediterranean. London.
Green, S. W. and Perlman, S. M., 1985. The Archaeology of Frontiers and Boundaries. Orlando Ac. Press.
Grouvel, J. H., 1972. “Mycenaean pictorial pottery in Holland”, Bulletin Antike Beschaving 47, 1430.
Hodder, I., 1977. “The distribution of material culture items in the Baringo district, Kenya”, Man 12, 239–69.
Hodder, I., 1981. “Society, economy and culture: an ethnographic study among the Lozi, West Zambia”, in Hodder, I., Isaak, G. and Hammond, N. (eds) Pattern of the Past, CUP pp. 6795.
Hodder, I., 1987 (ed). The archaeology of Contextual Meanings. CUP.
Huot, J. L., 1982. Les céramiques monochromes lissées en Anatolie à l'époque du bronze ancient, vol. 2. Paris.
Iasos. Pecorella, P. E., La cultura preistorica di Iasos in Caria. Roma 1984.
ICAP II, VI. Acta of International Conference on Aegean Prehistory, Athens 1972 and 1987.
Immerwaht, S., 1987. “Mycenaeans and Hittites: cultural connections”, in ICAP VI.
Jackson, L., 1986. Sociocultural and ethnohistoric influences on genetic diversity in Liberia. Amer. Anthropologist 88, 825–42.
Laviosa, C., 1973. “Les fouilles de Iasos”, in The Proceedings of the Xth International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Ankara, pp. 1093–99.
Laviosa, C., 1984, “The Minoan Thalassocracy, Iasos and the Carian coast”, in Häg, R. and Marinatos, N. (eds), The Minoan Thalassocracy: Myth and reality, Stockholm, pp. 183–5.
Levi, D., 19611962. “Le due prime campagne di scavi a Iasos 1960–61”, AS Atene 23–4, 505571.
Levi, D., 19651966. “Le campagne 1962–4 a Iasos”, AS Atene 27–8, 401546.
Levi, D., 19691970. “Iasos. Le campagne di scavi 1969–70”, AS Atene 31–2, 461532.
Lorimer, H., 1950. Homer and the monuments. London.
Macqueen, J. G., 1972. “The first arrival of Indo-european elements in Greece. Some observations from Anatolia”, in ICAP II, 142–5.
Mee, C., 1975. The Dodecanese in the Bronze Age, Ph.D. thesis Univ. of London.
Mee, C., 1978. “Aegean trade and settlement in Anatolia in the second millennium B.C.,” AS 28, 121–56.
Mee, C., 1982. Rhodes in the Bronze Age. Warminster.
Melas, E. M., 1985. The islands of Karpathos, Saros and Kasos in the Neolithic and Bronze Age. SIMA 68.
Melas, E. M., 1988. “Exploration in the Dodecanese: New prehistoric and Mycenaean finds”, BSA 83 (forthcoming).
Mellaart, J., 1966. The Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages in the Near East and Anatolia. Beyrut.
Merrillees, R. S., 1979. “Cyprus, the Cyclades and Crete in the Early and Middle Bronze Ages”, in The Relations between Cyprus and Crete c. 2000–500 B.C., Nicosia, pp. 855.
Müskebi. Boysal, Y., Katalog der Vasen im Museum in Bodrum: Mykenisch-Proto-geometrisch. Ankara.
Myres, J. L., 1949. “The geographical background of the Greek civilisation”, Archiv Orientalni 17, 196204.
O'Brien, J., 1986. “Toward a reconstitution of ethnicity: Capitalist expansion and cultural dynamics in Sudan”, Amer. Anthropologist 88, 898907.
Özgünel, C., 1983. “Batı Anadolu ve içerlerinde Miken Etkinlikleri”, Belleten 47, 697743.
Perrot, G. and Chipiez, C., 1894. Histoire de l'art dans l'antiquité VI. Paris.
Rao, S. V., 1987. “A comparative study of the material culture of Neolithic Greece and West Asia”, in ICAP VI.
Sampson, A., 1979. “Neolithic finds from Rhodes (in Greek)”, AAA 12, 2439.
Sampson, A., 1984. “The Neolithic of the Dodecanese and Aegean Neolithic culture”, BSA 79, 239–49.
Sampson, A., 1985. “The S.E. Aegean in the Neolithic times (in Greek)”, AE 1983, publ. 1985, appendix, 513.
Sperling, J., 1976. “Kum Tepe in the Troad: Trial excavation”, Hesperia 45, 305364.
Trianda. Monaco, G., “Scavi nella zona Micenea di Ialiso (1933–6)”, Clara Rhodos 10, 41183.
Trigger, B., 1984. “Archaeology at the cross-roads: What's new?”, Annual Review of Anthropology 13, 275300.
Tritsch, F. J., 1972. “Minyans and Luvians”, in ICAP II, 43–5.
Vermeule, E., 1964. “The Early Bronze Age in Caria”, Archaeology 17, 244–49.
Voigtländer, W., 1982. “Funde aus der Insula westlich des Buleuterion in Milet”, IstMitt 32, 30173.
Voigtländer, W., 1987. “Die Karer, Mittler zwischen Ost und West in prähistorischer Zeit”, in ICAP VI.
Volonakis, M., 1922. The Island of Roses and her Eleven Sisters. London.
Weickert, C., 1940. “Grabungen in Milet 1938”, in Bericht über den VI. Inter. Kongress für Archäologie (Berlin), 325–32.
Wobst, H. M., 1977. “Stylistic behaviour and information exchange”, Univ. of Michigan Mus. of Anthrop. Anthrop. paper, 61, 317–42.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

The Dodecanese and W. Anatolia in Prehistory: Interrelationships, Ethnicity and Political Geography

  • E. M. Melas


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.