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Analyses of Tepecik and Tülintepe Metal Artifacts

  • Alaaddin Çukur (a1) and Şeref Kunç (a1)

Extract

Tepecik and Tülintepe mounds are situated in the area of the reservoir of Keban dam, now completely flooded since 1974. Both mounds were located in Altınova plain about 31 and 21 km. respectively (by road) east of Elazıǧ in Eastern Turkey. The distance between the two mounds was about 9·5 km. as the crow flies. The rescue excavations at Tepecik were carried out in the years 1968–74 and at Tülintepe in 1971–74 (Esin 1975a, Esin 1975b).

Tepecik was settled from the Late Neolithic period and Tülintepe from Chalcolithic to Medieval times. The sites were situated only about 60 km. away from the important copper and lead mines of Ergani Maden and about 70 km. from the mines of Keban. These two mining regions have often been quoted in the literature as possible copper and lead sources in Turkey since prehistoric times (Tylecote 1976, Seeliger et al. 1985 and Wagner et al. 1986).

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All correspondence should be addressed to Şeref Kunç.

References

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Bachmann, H. G., 1980, “Early Copper Smelting Techniques in Sinai and in the Negev as Deduced from Slag Investigations.” British Museum Occasional Paper No. 20, 103–34.
Esin, U., 1975a, “Tepecik 1974.” Anatolian Studies, XXV, 46–9.
Esin, U., 1975b, “Tülintepe 1974.” Anatolian Studies, XXV, 50–1.
Esin, U., 1981, “Tepecik ve Tülintepe Kazılarına Ait Arkeolojik Araştırmaların Arkeolojik Deǧerlendirilmesi.” Arkeometri Unitesi Bilimsel Toplantı Bildirileri II, Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknik Araştırma Kurumu Yayınları, No. 610, 157–82.
Esin, U., 1986, “Tepecik ve Tülintepe (Altınova-Elazıǧ) Ait Bazı Metal Cüruf Analizleri.” II. Arkeometri Sonuçları Toplantı Bildirileri, T. C. Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlıǧı, Eski Eserler ve Müzeler Genel Müdürlüǧü, 2630Mayıs, Ankara.
Kunç, S., Çukur, A. 1987, “Bakır Buluntularda İz Element Daǧılımı.” IX. Kazı Araştırma ve Arkeometri Simpozyumu Bildirileri, T. C. Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlıǧı, Eski Eserler ve Müzeler Genel Müdürlüǧü, 610Nisan, Ankara.
Özbal, H., 1983, “Tepecik ve Tülintepe Metal, Filiz ve Cüruf Analizleri.” Arkeometri Unitesi Bilimsel Toplantı Bildirileri III, 24–7 Mayıs, Ankara. 203–18.
Seeliger, T. C., Pernicka, E., Wagner, G. A., Begemann, F., Schmidt-Strecker, S., Eibner, C., Öztunalı, O., Baranyi, I. 1985: “Archeometallurgische Untersuchungen in Nordund Ostanatolien.” Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 32, 597659.
Skoog, D. A., West, D. M., 1976, Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry, 3rd ed. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, Chicago, Sydney, 741 and 749.
Tylecote, T. C. 1976, “Metals and Ores in the Neolithic Period.” History of Metallurgy, The Metal Society, London. Chapter 1.
Wagner, G. A., Pernicka, E., Seeliger, T. C., Lorentz, I. B., Begemann, F., Schmidt-Strecker, S., Eibner, C. and Öztunalı, O. 1986, “Geochemische und Isotopische Charakteristika Früher Rohstoffquellen für Kupfer, Blei, Silber und Gold in der Türkei.” Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 33, 723–52.

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Analyses of Tepecik and Tülintepe Metal Artifacts

  • Alaaddin Çukur (a1) and Şeref Kunç (a1)

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