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Ancient mountain routes connecting central Anatolia to the upper Euphrates region

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 December 2013

A. Tuba Ökse
Affiliation:
Kocaeli University

Abstract

Field surveys carried out within the upper Kızılırmak region have shown that the natural route-ways passing through the area have connected central Anatolia to eastern Anatolia throughout the ages. The route from north-central Anatolia reaches the Kızılırmak river by passing through the plains of Çekerek, Yıldızeli and Yıldız. The Kızılırmak river can be crossed on horseback where the road ends. A second route connects south-central Anatolia to Sivas by passing through the plains of Gemerek and Şarkışla, and leads to eastern Anatolia by passing through the Kızılırmak valley after Sivas. A third route reaches Altınyayla by passing through the Kızılırmak valley, the Şarkışla plain and reaches the plain of Malatya by travelling through a pass of the Kulmaç mountains running along the Balıklıtohma valley. A fourth route connects Sivas with Malatya via Taşlıdere, Ulaş, Kangal and Alacahan. Fieldwork has shown that these routes have been almost continuously used since the middle of the third millennium BC.

Özet

Yukarı Kızılırmak havzasında sürdürülen yüzey araştırmaları, bu bölgeden geçen doğal yolların çağlar boyunca Orta Anadolu'yu Doğu Anadolu'ya bağladığını göstermiştir. Orta Anadolu'nun kuzey kesiminden gelerek Kızılırmak nehrine ulaşan doğal yol, Çekerek, Yıldızeli ve Yıldız ovalarından geçer. Bu yolun Kızılırmak kıyısına ulaştığı bölgede nehir, at sırtında geçilebilmektedir. İkinci bir yol Orta Anadolu'nun güney kesiminden gelen, Gemerek ve Şarkışla ovalarından geçerek Siva'a ulaşan yoldur ve Kızılırmak vadisini izleyerek doğu Anadolu'ya ulaşir. Üçüncü yol Kızılırmak vadisinden başlayan ve Şarkışla ovasını geçerek Altınyayla'ya ulaşan yoldur. Bu yol Kulmaç, dağlarının geçitlerinden geçer ve Balıklıtohma vadisini izleyerek Malatya ovasına ulaşır. Sivas'ı Malatya'ya bağlayan dördüncü yol Taşlıdere vadisini izleyerek Ulaş, Kangal ve Alacahan'dan geçer. Yüzey araştırmaları, bu doğal yolların MÖ. 3. bin ortalarından itibaren çağlar boyunca kullanılmış olduklarını kanıtlamıştır.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The British Institute at Ankara 2007

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