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Dermatoglyphic and Skeletal Hand Abnormalities in Turner's Syndrome — A Tentative Scoring Method 1

  • Bruno Dallapiccola (a1), Bruno Bagni (a1) and Giovanni Pistocchi (a1)

Summary

A scoring method for the diagnosis of Turner's syndrome (T.S.), based on five dermatoglyphic and four skeletal characteristics, showing significant frequency variations between patients and normal females, is presented. The dermatoglyphic characteristics include: total finger ridge count, ab ridge count, maximal atd angle, T line terminating in the second interdigital interval, and presence of hypothenar patterns. The skeletal characteristics include: carpal sign, metacarpal sign, phalangeal sign, and abnormally shaped distal phalanges. Arbitrary score numbers have been assigned to each characteristic, depending on the magnitude of the difference between patients and controls; the partial scores were added up to form the final T.S. score. The diagnostic value of T.S. score has been proved, since it is well separating the patients from normal females. The probability that an individual with a given T.S. score has the Turner's syndrome has been estimated.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Clinica Medica dell'Università, 44100 Ferrara, Italy

Footnotes

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1

Presented at the Third International Conference on Dermatoglyphics, Paris, September 6-11, 1971.

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References

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Archibald, R.M., Finby, N., De Vito, F. 1959. Endocrine significance of short metacarpals. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 19: 1312.
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Dallapiccola, B. 1966. I dermatoglifi nelle sindromi da aberrazione dei cromosomi sessuali. Folia Endrocrinol. (Roma), 19: 355.
Dallapiccola, B. 1968. I Dermatoglifi della Mano. Collana Monografica Zambon N. 11, Garzanti, Milano.
Forbes, A.P. 1964. Fingerprints and palm prints (dermatoglyphics) and palmar-flexion creases in gonadal dysgenesis, pseudohypoparathyroidism and Klinefelter's syndrome. N. Engl. J. Med., 270: 1268.
Holt, S.B., Lindsten, J. 1964. Dermatoglyphic anomalies in Turner's syndrome. Ann. Hum. Genet., 24: 87.
Kosowicz, J. 1962. The carpal sign in gonadal dysgenesis. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 22: 949.
Leszcynski, S., Kosowicz, J. 1965. Radiological changes in the skeletal system in Turner's syndrome. Review of 102 cases. In Turano, L., Ratti, A., Biagini, G.: Progress in Radiology, Vol. I. Hooiberg, Epe, Amsterdam.
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Dermatoglyphic and Skeletal Hand Abnormalities in Turner's Syndrome — A Tentative Scoring Method 1

  • Bruno Dallapiccola (a1), Bruno Bagni (a1) and Giovanni Pistocchi (a1)

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