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Christopher Columbus and the Franciscans

  • Francis Borgia Steck (a1)

Extract

No one who is entitled to speak with authority has ever questioned the well-known story that relates how in his hour of affliction, on landing at Palos, Christopher Columbus was befriended by the Franciscans of the friary of Santa María de la Rábida; how a Franciscan encouraged him to present his maritime project at the Spanish court; how, when all hope of royal support vanished, the Franciscan guardian of La Rábida intervened and thus made possible the voyage that resulted in the discovery of America. While this much of the story has always been accepted as properly established, students of American history have long been in disagreement and partly also in ignorance concerning certain details that bear importantly on the friendship that existed between the Genoese navigator and the sons of Saint Francis.

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Note: Only such writings, representing the result of serious research, are listed here as were either actually consulted by the author of the essay or were found to shed light on the topic treated or are of more recent date and for this reason perhaps not yet properly appreciated and utilized by students of American history.

Alvarez Pedroso, Armando, Christábal Colón. Biografía del Descubridor (Habana, 1944).
Pedroso, Armando AlvarezChristóbal Colón no fue Hebreo” in Revista de Historia de América (Mexico), No. 15 (1942), 261283.
Alvarez Pedroso, ArmandoPlan Científico de Colón para el Descubrimiento y Evolución de Sus Ideas Geográficas” (Habana, 1942).
André, Marius, La Verídica Aventura de Cristóbal Colón (Madrid, 1927).
Brebner, John Bartlet, The Explorers of North America, 1492–1806 (New York, 1933).
Cristóbal, Colón. Documentos y Pruebas de Su Origen Genovés (Bergamo, 1932).
Gandía, Enrique de, Historia de Cristóbal Colón. Análisis Critico de las Fuentes Documentales y de los Problemas Colombinos (Buenos Aires, 1942).
Gonzaga, Francisco O.F.M., De Origine Seraphicae Religionis Franciscanae (Rome, 1587).
Gemelli, Agostino O.F.M., ll Francesanesmo (Milan, 1932).
Holzapfel, Heribert O.F.M., Handbuch der Geschichte des Franziskanerordens (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1909).
Irving, Washington, The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus (1828).
Irving, Washington Companions of Columbus (1831).
Jane, Cecil, Selected Documents Illustrating the Four Voyages of Columbus, 2 vols. (London: Hakluyt Society, 1930–1933).
Jayne, K. G., Vasco da Gama and His Successors (London, 1910).
Jos, Emiliano, “Fernando Colón y Su Historia del Almirante” in Revista de Historia de América (Mexico), No. 9 (1940), 529.
Jos, Emiliano; La Génesis Colombina del Descrubrimiento” in Revista de Historia de América (Mexico), No. 14 (1942), 148.
Les Espagnoles sur la Côte d’Afrique au XVe et au XVIe Siècles (Paris, 1935). Two scholarly essays; viz.
Lippens, Hugolin O.F.M., “Fr.Juan, Duele” in Archivum Franciscanum Historicum (Quaracchi), XXVII (1934), 6275.
Loughran, E. Ward, “Did a Priest Accompany Columbus in 1492?” in The Catholic Historical Review (Washington, D. C.), XVI (1930), July, 164174.
Madariaga, Salvador de, Christopher Columbus, Being the Life of the Very Magnificent Lord, Don Cristóbal Colón (New York, 1940).
Major, R. H., Selected Letters of Columbus (London, 1870).
Morison, Samuel Eliot, Admiral of the Ocean Sea. A Life of Christopher Columbus, 2 vols. (Boston, 1942).
Morison, Samuel Eliot The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus (Oxford, 1939).
Morison, Samuel EliotTexts and Translations of the Journal of Columbus’s First Voyage” in The Hispanic American Historical Review (Durham, N.C.), XIX (1939), 3 (August), 235261.
Nowell, Charles E., “Restrictions Regarding the Historicity of the 1494 Discovery of South America” in The Hispanic American Historical Review (Durham, N.C.) XXII (1942), 1 (February), 205210.
Nowell, Charles E.The Columbus Question” in The American Historical Review (Washingtin,D. C.), XLIV (1939), 802822.
Nowell, Charles E.The Discovery of Brazil” in The Hispanic American Historical Review (Durham, N. C.), XVI (1936), 3 (April), 311338.
Nunn, George E., Geographical Conceptions of Columbus (New York, 1924).
O’Hara, John F. C.S.C., “Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca: First President of the Indies (1493–1523)” in The Catholic Historical Review (Washington, D. C.), III (1917), 2 (July), 121150.
Oliger, Livarius O.F.M., (ed.), “The Earliest Record on the Franciscan Missions in America” in The Catholic Historical Review (Washington,D. C), VI (1920), April, 5965.
Ortega, Angel O.F.M., “El Convento de la Rábida” in Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid), I (1914), 7999.
Ortega, Angel O.F.M.Las Casas de Estudios en la Provincia de Andalucía” in Archivo Ibero-Americano (Madrid), II-VII (1914–1917).
Ortega, Angel O.F.M. La Rábida. Historia Documental Crítica, 4 vols. (Sevilla, 1925–1926).
Pardo Bazán, Emilia, “Los Franciscanos y Colón” (Madrid, 1892).
Peers, E. Allison, Ramon Lull (New York, 1929).
Prestage, Edgar, “Portugal” in The Catholic Encyclopedia (New York), XII (1911), 297307.
Prestage, Edgar, The Portuguese Pioneers (London, 1933).
Relaciones y Cartas de Cristóbal Colón, Biblioteca Clásica, Tomo CLXIV (Madrid, 1914).
Revelli, Paolo (ed.), Cristoforo Colmbo e la Scuola Cartografica Genovese, 3 vols. (Genoa, 1937).
Ricard, Robert, “Le Commerce de Berbérie et l’Organisation Économique de l’Empire Portugais aux XVe et XVIe Siécles” in Annales de l’Institut d’Etudes Orientales (Paris), II (1936), 266285.
Serrano, Sanz, Manuel, Orígines de la Dominación Española en América. Estudios Históricos. (Madrid, 1918).
Thacher, John Boyd, Christopher Columbus His Life, His Works, His Remains, 3 vols. (New York, 1903).
Torre, del Cerro, José de la, Beatriz Enríquez de Harana y Cristóbal Colón (Madrid, 1933).
Torre Revello, José, “Don Hernando Colón” in Revista de Historia de América (Mexico), No. 19 (1945), 159.
Verges Vidal, Pedro L., La Epopeya Colombina (Ciudad Trujillo, 1941).
Wadding, Lucas O.F.M., Annales Minorum seu Trium Ordinum a S. Francisco Institutorum, 25 vols. (Quaracchi reprint, 1931–1934).
Wilson, William Jerome, “The Historicity of the 1494 Discovery of South America” in The Hispanic American Historical Review (Durham, N. C.), XXII (1942), 1 (February), 193205.

Christopher Columbus and the Franciscans

  • Francis Borgia Steck (a1)

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