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An Appraisal of Russian Studies in the United States

  • C. E. Black (a1), Robert F. Byrnes (a2), Charles Jelavich (a3), Henry L. Roberts (a4), Melville J. Ruggles (a5), Marshall D. Shulman (a6), Donald W. Treadgold (a7) and John M. Thompson (a8)...

Extract

In the years since the end of the Second World War American interest in Russia has steadily grown, and Russian studies in the United States have expanded at a rapid rate. In 1956, as the first decade of postwar development in this field drew to a close, a number of those concerned with Russian studies became convinced that a review of the record and a new look at the goals to be sought in the study of Russia would be beneficial. A general assessment of Russian studies in the United States was therefore made by the Joint Committee on Slavic Studies, a body of scholars engaged in research and teaching relating to Russia and Eastern Europe appointed jointly by the American Council of Learned Societies and the Social Science Research Council.

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1 Ruggles, Melville J. and Mostecky, Vaclav, Russian and East European Publications in Libraries of the United States (Bloomington: Indiana University Publications, Slavic and East European Series, Vol. XX, 1959).

2 Fisher, H. H., ed., American Research on Russia, with an introduction by Philip E. Mosely (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1959); Black, C. E. and Thompson, John M., eds. American Teaching About Russia (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1959); Roberts, Henry L., “Exchanging Scholars with the Soviet Union,” Columbia University Forum, I (Spring, 1958), 2832 ; Black, C. E. and Thompson, John M., “Graduate Study of Russia,” The Journal of Higher Education, Vol. XXX, No. 5 (May, 1959), 246-54; “Report on Graduate Education in Russian Studies,” Journal of Proceedings and Addresses of the Association of Graduate Schools in the Association of American Universities (1958), pp. 96-105; Byrnes, Robert F. and Thompson, John M., “Undergraduate Study of Russia and the Non-Western World,” Liberal Education (Bulletin of the Association of American Colleges), Vol. XLV, No. 2 (May, 1950), !68-83; “Conference on Russian Studies in Secondary Education,” Bulletin of the National Association of Secondary-School Principals, XLIII (March, 1959), 117-215; Robert F. Byrnes, ed., The Non-Western Areas in Undergraduate Education in Indiana (Bloomington; Indiana University Publications, Slavic and East European Series, Vol. XV, 1959).

3 These and subsequent statistics are based on the larger graduate programs in Russian studies, primarily Columbia and Harvard.

4 The members of the Joint Committee since its founding as a committee of the American Council of Learned Societies in 1938 have been: Abram Bergson, 1951—; C. E. Black, 1950—(Secretary, 1950-53, Chairman, 1953-57); Robert F. Byrnes, 1957—(Secretary, 1957—); Percy E. Corbett, 1948-50; Samuel H. Cross, 1938-46 (Chairman, 1939-46); William B. Edgerton, 1951— (Secretary, 1953-57, Chairman, 1957—); Merle Fainsod, 1948— (Chairman, 1950-53); Marvin Farber, 1946-48; H. H. Fisher, 1950-56; Waldemar Gurian, 1951-54; Chauncy D. Harris, 1954—; Charles Jelavich, 1957—; George F. Kennan, 1951-52; Robert J . Kerner, 1948-50; Philip E. Mosely, 1938-51 (Secretary, 1938- 46, Chairman, 1946-50); George R. Noyes, 1938-48 (Chairman, 1938-39); Henry L. Roberts, 1957—; Geroid T. Robinson, 1938-50; Alfred Senn, 1938-48; Marshall D. Shulman, 1957—; Ernest J . Simmons, 1943— (Secretary, 1946-50); S. Harrison Thomson, 1948-51, 1954—; Rene Wellek, 1948-56; Francis J. Whitfield, 1946-48; Sergius Yakobson, 1950—.

5 The Joint Committee has worked closely with Mortimer Graves, executive secretary to 1957, and Frederick H. Burkhardt, president since 1957, of the American Council of Learned Societies; with Pendleton Herring, president, and Bryce Wood, staff associate, of the Social Science Research Council; with the Committee on World Area Research of the Social Science Research Council, in which Geroid T. Robinson represented the Russian field; with the editors of The American Slavic and East European Review, Samuel H. Cross (1941-46), Leonid I. Strakhovsky (1946-47), Ernest J. Simmons (1947-1950), and John N. Hazard (1950—); and with the Inter-University Committee on Travel Grants, headed by Schuyler C. Wallace, Chairman (1956—), and William B. Edgerton (1956-58) and David C. Munford (1958—), Chairmen of the Screening Committee.

6 On June 1, 1954 an ad hoc Subcommittee on East European Studies of the Joint Committee on Slavic Studies presented a report on problems confronting East European studies in the United States; on November 15-17, 1957, a conference on “The American Concern With East Central Europe” was held in New York City under the auspices of the Program on East Central Europe of Columbia University; and a comprehensive Bibliography of American Publications on East Central Europe, 1945-1957 edited by Robert F. Byrnes (Bloomington: Indiana University Publications, Slavic and East European Series, Vol. XI, 1959) is now available.

An Appraisal of Russian Studies in the United States

  • C. E. Black (a1), Robert F. Byrnes (a2), Charles Jelavich (a3), Henry L. Roberts (a4), Melville J. Ruggles (a5), Marshall D. Shulman (a6), Donald W. Treadgold (a7) and John M. Thompson (a8)...

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