Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Life Span Civic Development and Voting Participation

  • John M. Strate (a1), Charles J. Parrish (a1), Charles D. Elder (a1) and Coit Ford (a1)

Abstract

Although a variety of age-related processes are known to affect rates of political participation over the adult life span, little is known about their interrelationships and relative impact. We set out a theory of life span civic development that focuses on how age-related changes in community attachment, strength of partisanship, church attendance, government responsiveness, family income, and civic competence impinge on voting participation. To test the theory, we estimated the coefficients of a structural equation model using data from nine National Election Studies combined into a large, cross-sectional time series data set. The model specifies the age-related processes and also controls for the effects of a large number of other variables. Overall, about one-half of the age-related increases in voting participation were attributable to these processes.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Abramson, Paul R., and Aldrich, John H.. 1982. “The Decline of Electoral Participation in America.” American Political Science Review 76:502–21.
Almond, Gabriel, and Verba, Sydney. 1963. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Anderson, Barbara A., and Silver, Brian D.. 1986. “Measurement and Mismeasurement of the Validity of the Self-Reported Vote.” American Journal of Politics 30:771–75.
Bellah, Robert N., Madsen, Richard, Sullivan, William M., Swidler, Ann, and Tipton, Steven M.. 1985. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Birren, James E., and Cunningham, Walter R.. 1985. “Research on Psychology of Aging: Principles, Concepts, and Theories.” In Handbook of the Psychology of Aging, ed. Birren, James E. and Schaie, K. Warner. New York: Von Nostrand Reinhold.
Campbell, Angus. 1971. “Politics through the Life Cycle.” Cerontologist 11:112–17.
Campbell, Angus, Converse, Philip E., Miller, Warren E., and Stokes, Donald E.. 1964. The American Voter. Abridged. New York: John Wiley.
Campbell, Angus, Gurin, Gerald, and Miller, Warren E.. 1954. The Voter Decides. Evanston, IL: Row, Petersen.
Citrin, Jack. 1974. “Comment.” American Politica Science Review 68:973–88.
Converse, Phillip E. 1972. “Of Time and Partisan Stability.” In Mass Politics in Industrial Societies, ed. DiPalma, Giuseppe. Chicago, IL: Markham.
Converse, Phillip E. 1976. The Dynamics of Party Support: Cohort-Analyzing Party Identification. Beverly Hills: Sage.
Conway, Mary M. 1985. Political Participation in the United States. Washington: Congressional Quarterly.
Crittenden, John. 1963. “Aging and Political Participation.” Western Political Quarterly 16:323–31.
Curtis, James E., and Lambert, Ronald D.. 1976. “Voting, Election Interest, and Age: National Findings for English and French Canadians.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 9:293307.
Cutler, Neal E. 1977. “Demographic, Social-Psychological, and Political Factors in the Politics of Aging: A Foundation for Research in ‘Political Gerontology.’” American Political Science Review 71:1011–25.
Cutler, Neal E., and Bengston, Vern L.. 1974. “Age and Political Alienation: Maturation, Generation, and Period Effects.” Public Opinion Quarterly 37:251–59.
Dahl, Robert A. 1956. A Preface to Democratic Theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dawson, Richard E., Prewitt, Kenneth, and Dawson, Karen S.. 1977. Political Socialization: An Analytic Study. Boston: Little, Brown.
Edinger, Louis. 1983. Politics of the Aged: Orientations in Major Liberal Democracies. New York: Columbia University Brookdale Center on Aging and Adult Human Development.
Elder, Charles D., Parrish, Charles J., Pavlou, Victoria P., and Richter, Frank J.. 1985. Political Participation and Aging: Life Span Civic Development. Final report submitted to the AARP-Andrus Foundation. Detroit: Wayne State University.
Glenn, Norval D. 1977. Cohort Analysis. Beverly Hills: Sage.
Glenn, Norval D., and Grimes, Michael. 1968. “Aging, Voting, and Political Interest.” American Sociological Review 33:563–75.
Goodin, Robert, and Dryzek, John. 1980. “Rational Participation: The Politics of Relative Power.” British Journal of Political Science 10:273–92.
Hout, Michael, and Knoke, David. 1975. “Change in Voting Turnout, 1952–1972.” Public Opinion Quarterly 39:5268.
Jennings, M. Kent. 1979. “Another Look at the Life Cycle and Political Participation.” American Journal of Political Science 23:755–71.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Beck, Paul A.. 1979. “Political Periods and Political Participation.” American Political Science Review 73:737–50.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Markus, Gregory B.. 1984. “Partisan Orientations over the Long Haul: Results from the Three-Wave Political Socialization Panel Study.” American Political Science Review 78:1000–18.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Markus, Gregory B.. 1988. “Political Involvement in Later Years: A Longitudinal Survey.” American Journal of Political Science 32:302–16.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Niemi, Richard G.. 1975. “Continuity and Change in Political Orientations: A Longitudinal Study of Two Generations.” American Political Science Review 69:1316–35.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Niemi, Richard G.. 1981. Generations and Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Katosh, John P., and Traugott, Michael W.. 1981. “The Consequences of Validated and Self-Reported Voting Measures.” Public Opinion Quarterly 45:519–35.
Knoke, David, and Thomson, Randall. 1977. “Voluntary Association Membership Trends and the Family Life Cycle.” Social Forces 56:4865.
Madsen, Douglas. 1987. “Political Self-Efficacy Tested.” American Political Science Review 81:571–81.
Milbrath, Lester W., and Goel, Madan L.. 1977. Political Participation. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Miller, Arthur H. 1974. “Political Issues and Trust in Government: 1964–1970.” American Political Science Review 68:951–72.
National Council on the Aging. 1975. The Myth and Reality of Aging in America. Washington: NCOA.
National Council on the Aging. 1981. Aging in the Eighties: America in Transition. Washington: NCOA.
Neuman, W. Russell. 1986. The Paradox of Mass Politics. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Nie, Norman, Verba, Sydney, and Kim, Jae-on. 1974. “Political Participation and the Life Cycle.” Comparative Politics 5:319–40.
Peterson, Steven A. 1987. “Biosocial Predictors of Older Americans' Political Participation.” Politics and the Life Sciences 5:246–51.
Reiter, Howard L. 1979. “Why Is Turnout Down?Public Opinion Quarterly 43:297311.
Schulz, James H. 1980. The Economics of Aging. 2d ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Siegel, Jacob S., and Davidson, Maria. 1984. Demographic and Socio-Economic Aspects of Aging in the United States. Bureau of the Census Current Population Reports Special Studies. Washington: GPO.
Sigelman, Lee. 1982. “The Nonvoting Voter in Voting Research.” American Journal of Political Science 26:4756.
Stimson, James A. 1985. “Regression in Space and Time: A Statistical Essay.” American Journal of Political Science 4:914–47.
Traugott, Michael W., and Katosh, John P.. 1979. “Response Validity in Surveys of Voting Behavior.” Public Opinion Quarterly 43:359–77.
Verba, Sydney, and Nie, Norman. 1972. Participation in America: Political Democracy and Social Equality. New York: Harper & Row.
Verba, Sydney, Nie, Norman, and Kim, Jae-on. 1978. Participation and Political Equality: A Seven Nation Comparison, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wagner, Joseph. 1983. “Media Do Make a Difference.” American Journal of Political Science 27:407–30.
Wolfinger, Raymond, and Rosenstone, Steven J.. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven: Yale University Press.

Life Span Civic Development and Voting Participation

  • John M. Strate (a1), Charles J. Parrish (a1), Charles D. Elder (a1) and Coit Ford (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed