Published online by Cambridge University Press: 27 February 2017
Thomas M. Franck was born in 1931 in Berlin, Germany. His family left only in 1938, securing entry to Vancouver, Canada. He arrived speaking German, but rapidly acquired proficiency in English and completed his schooling there.
1 A phrase usefully employed by Benedict, KingsburyNeo-Madisonian Global Constitutionalism: Thomas M. Franck’s Democratic Cosmopolitan Prospectus for Managing Diversity and World Order in the Twenty-first Century, 35 N.Y.U. J. Int’l L. & Pol. 291, 294 (2003).
2Thomas, M. FranckNation Against Nation: What Happened to the U.N. Dream and What the U.S. Can Do About it (1985).
3Thomas, M. FranckPolitical Questions/Judicial Answers: Does the Rule of Law Apply to Foreign Affairs? (1992).
6Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosn. & Herz. v. Yugo.), Preliminary Objections, 1996 ICJ Rep. 595 (July 11); Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosn. & Herz. v. Serb. & Mont.) (Int’l Ct. Justice Feb. 26, 2007).
7 Application of the Interim Accord of 13 September 1995 (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia v. Greece) (filed Nov. 17, 2008).
8 Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan (Indon./Malay.), Application by the Philippines for Permission to Intervene, 2001 ICJ Rep. 575 (Oct. 23); Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan (Indon./ Malay.), 2002 ICJ Rep. 625 (Dec. 17).
9 Guyana/Suriname (UN Law of the Sea Annex VII Arb. Trib., Perm. Ct. Arb. Sept. 17, 2007).
10Thomas, M. FranckRecourse to Force: State Action Against Threats and Armed Attacks (2002).
11Simon, ChestermanThomas, M. Franck & David, M. MaloneLaw and Practice of the United Nations: Documents and Commentary (2008). in 2008 there also appeared a new edition of his casebook Thomas, M. FranckMichael, J. Glennon & Sean, D. MurphyForeign Relations and National Security Law (3d ed. 2008).
12Thomas, M. FranckThe International Judge and the Principled Imperative, inWeltinnenrecht: Liber Amicorum Jost Delbrück267 (Klaus, Dicke ed., 2005); Thomas, M. FranckLegitimacy After Kosovo and Iraq, inInternational Law and the Use of Force at the Turn of the Centuries: Essays in Honour of V. D. Degan69 (Crnić-Grotić, V. & Matulović, M. eds., 2005); Thomas, M. FranckRethinking Collective Security, inInternational Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Faultlines: Essays in Honour of Yoram Dinstein21 (Michael, N. Schmitt & Jelena, Pejic eds., 2007); Thomas, M. FranckThe Centipede and the Centrifuge: Principles for the Centralisation and Decentralisation of Governance, inThe Shifting Allocation of Authority in International Law: Considering Sovereignty, Supremacy and Subsidiarity: Essays in Honour of Professor Ruth Lapidoth19 (Tomer, Broude & Yuval, Shany eds., 2008).
13 Franck, supra note 10.
14David, KennedyTom Franck and the Manhattan School, 35 N.Y.U. J. Int’l L. & Pol. 397, 397 (2003).
15 Michael Reisman and Jonathan Charney were elected together as editors in chief of the Journal for a five-year term from 1998 to 2003, but after the premature death of Professor Charney in 2002, Professor Reisman completed the term on his own.
16Thomas, M. FranckOn Proportionality of Countermeasures in International Law, 102 AJIL715 (2008).
17Michael, J. Glennon & Thomas, M. Franck , United States Foreign Relations Law: Documents and Sources (1980); Thomas, M. FranckNation Against Nation, supra note 2; Thomas, M. FranckPolitical Questions/Judicial Answers,supra note 3; Thomas, M. FranckFairness in International Law and Institutions (1995).
18 The Canadian Council of International Law awarded him its Read Medal for an outstanding contribution to international law and organizations in 1994.
19Thomas, M. FranckOf Gnats and Camels: Is There a Double Standard at the United Nations?78 AJIL811 (1984).
20 Franck, The Centipede and the Centrifuge, supra note 12.
21Thomas, M. Franck & Clifford, A. BobThe Return of Humpty-Dumpty: Foreign Relations Law After the Chadha Case, 79 AJIL912 (1985).
22Thomas, M. FranckWho Killed Article 2(4)? or: ChangingNorms Governing the Use of Force by States, 64 AJIL809 (1970). Franck revisited this question in his Agora contribution on the Iraq conflict, What Happens Now? The United Nations After Iraq, 97 AJIL607 (2003).
23 On this, see Kennedy, supra note 14, at 406.
24Martti, KoskenniemiLegal Cosmopolitanism: Tom Franck’sMessianic World, 35 N.Y.U. J. Int’l L. & Pol. 471, 484 (2003).
25 Franck, Fairness in International Law and Institutions,supra note 17.
26 Legitimacy was another subject on which Franck did innovative work. Thomas, M. FranckLegitimacy in the International System, 82 AJIL705 (1988); Thomas, M. FranckThe Power of Legitimacy Among Nations (1990).
27SeeThomas, M. FranckThe Emerging Right to Democratic Governance, 86 AJIL46 (1992).
28 Franck, Fairness in International Law and Institutions,supra note 17, at 16-18.
29 See the sometimes stringent analysis of his writings made by certain of the contributors to the 2002 conference in his honor held at New York University, International Law andJustice in the Twenty-first Century: The Enduring Contributions of Thomas M. Franck, 35 N.Y.U. J. Int’l L. & Pol. 291 (2003).
30Thomas, M. FranckRemarks, in In What Sense Is International Law Law? (Mar. 26, 2009), available athtup-.lIwww.asil.org/thomas-franck.cfm (transcript). The panel can also be ordered in audio form from the ASIL Web site.
* Of the Board of Editors.
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