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International Association of lndependent Tanker Owners (Intertanko), International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (Intercargo), Greek Shipping Co-operation Committee, Lloyd’s Register and International Salvage Union v. Secretary of State for Transport

  • Jan Wouters (a1) and Philip De Man (a1)

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1 Case C-308/06, Int’l Ass’n of Indep. Tanker Owners (Intertanko) v. Sec’y of State for Transp. (Eur. Ct. Justice June 3, 2008). The judgments and other decisions of the European Court of Justice are available at http://eur-lex.europa.eu.

2 2005 O.J. (L 255) 11, as corrected by 2006 O.J. (L 33) 87 & 2006 O.J. (L 105) 65.

3 Dec. 10, 1982, 1833 UNTS 397, reprinted in 21 ILM 1261 (1982).

4 Nov. 2, 1973, 1340 UNTS 184.

5 Feb. 17, 1978, 1340 UNTS 61. A combination of the Convention and the Protocol entered into force on October 2, 1983.

6 1998 O.J. (L 179) 1.

7 Treaty Establishing the European Community, Mar. 25, 1957, 298 UNTS 11, as amended by Treaty of Amsterdam, Oct. 2,1997,1997 O.J. (C 340) l, asamendedby Treaty of Nice, Feb.26, 2001, 2001 O.J. (C 80) 1, consolidated version reprinted in 2002 O.J. (C 325) 33 [hereinafter EC Treaty].

8 Case C-286/90, Anklagemyndigheden v. Poulsen, 1992 ECR1-6019.

9 This was later confirmed in Case C-405/92, EtablissementsArmandMondiet SA v. ArmementIslais SARL, 1993 ECR 1-6133, para. 13.

10 Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary in the Gulf of Maine Area (Can. v. U.S.), 1984 ICJ Rep. 294, para. 94 (Oct. 12).

11 Continental Shelf (Libya v. Malta), 1985 ICJ Rep. 30, para. 27 (June 3).

12 Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary in the Gulf of Maine Area, para. 94; Continental Shelf, para. 27; Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua (Nicar. v. U.S.), 1986 ICJ Rep. 14, paras. 212,214 (June 27).

13 The judgment refers to, inter alia, Articles 2 and 58 of the LOS Convention, provisions that were expressly confirmed as codifying customary international law in Military and Paramilitary Activities in and Against Nicaragua, paras. 212, 214.

14 Anklagemyndigheden v. Poulsen, para. 10.

15 See, e.g., CaseC-111/05, Aktiebolaget NN v. Skatteverket, 2007 ECRI-2697, paras. 56-60; CaseC-410/03, Commission v. Italian Republic, 2005 ECR 1-3507, paras. 54-57; Case C-47/02, Anker v. Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 2003 ECR 1-10447, para. 65.

16 Case C-162/96, A. Racke GmbH & Co. v. Hauptzollamt Mainz, 1998 ECR 1-3655 (reported by Frank Hoffmeister and Juliane Kokott at 93 AJIL 205 (1999)).

17 The agreement introduced a preferential tariff for the import of wine from Yugoslavia.

18 Racke, paras. 45-46, 51.

19 Case C-377/98, Kingdom of the Netherlands v. Parliament, 2001 ECR 1-7079, para. 54. See also paragraph 52 of the Intertanko judgment.

20 See Wouters, Jan & Dries Van, Eeckhoutte Giving Effect to Customary International Law Through European Community Law, in Direct Effect—Rethinking A Classic of EC Legal Doctrine 181 (Prinssen, Jolande M. & Schrauwen, Annette eds., 2002).

21 Racke, para. 47.

22 Id., para. 51.

23 Frédéric, Dopagne Arrêt “Intertanko “: l’appréciation de la validité d’actes communautaires au regard de conventions internationales (Marpol 73/78, Montego Bay), 152 Journal de Droit Européen 241, 242 (2008).

24 See Wouters & Van Eeckhoutte, supra note 20; Hachez, Nicolas Case C-308/06, International Association of Independent Tank Owners and Others: The Requirement of Direct Effect in the Judicial Review ofEU Law Against International Law, 15 Colum. J. Eur. L. 143, 156 (2008).

25 See, e.g., Case C-149/96, Portuguese Republic v. Council, 1999 ECR 1-8395 (reported by Patricia Egli & Juliane Kokott at 94 AJIL 740 (2000)).

26 Sonja, Boelaert-Suominen The European Community, the European Court ofJustice and the Law of the Sea, 23 Int’l J. Marine & Coastal L. 643, 70708 (2008).

27 Case C-213/03, Syndicat professionnel coordination des pêcheurs de l’étang de Berre and de la région v. Électricité de France (EDF), 2004 ECR 1-7357, paras. 39-47.

28 Compare Case C-188/07, Commune de Mesquer v. Total France SA, 2008 ECR1-4501 (no reference to broad logic and direct conferral of rights to individuals), with Joined Cases C-120/06 P & C-121/06 P, Fabbrica italiana accumulatori motocarri Montecchio SpA (FIAMM) v. Council, para. 110 (Eur. Ct. Justice Sept. 9, 2008) (express reference to broad logic formula in Intertanko).

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International Association of lndependent Tanker Owners (Intertanko), International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (Intercargo), Greek Shipping Co-operation Committee, Lloyd’s Register and International Salvage Union v. Secretary of State for Transport

  • Jan Wouters (a1) and Philip De Man (a1)

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