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Integrated resource management for sustained crop production in arid regions of India

  • J. P. Gupta (a1) and R. K. Aggarwal (a1)

Abstract

In arid areas of western Rajasthan, major constraints responsible for low plant production include low and erratic rainfall, high evaporation, and low soil fertility, particularly with respect to organic carbon and nitrogen. These problems lead to acute shortages of grain, fodder and fuelwood. Sustainable crop and biomass production can be achieved through adoption of agroforestry, silvipastoral and agrihorticultural systems. Integrated nutrient and moisture management practices can help in controlling pathogens and in improving the soil environment for higher sustained production.

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1.Aggarwal, R. K., and Kumar, Praveen. 1990. Nitrogen response to pearlmillet (Pennisetum typhoides S & H) grown on soil underneath P. cineraria and adjacent open site in an arid environment. Annals of Arid Zone 29:289293.
2.Aggarwal, R. K., and Venkateswarlu, J.. 1989. Long term effect of manures and fertilizers on important cropping systems of arid region. Fertilizer News 34:6770.
3.Gupta, J. P. 1987. Effect of tillage and mulch on soil and the growth and yield of cowpea grown in arid tropics. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation 1:161172.
4.Gupta, J. P. 1989. Integrated effect of water harvesting, manuring and mulching on soil properties, growth and yield of crops in pearlmilletmungbean rotation. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) 66(3):233239.
5.Gupta, J. P., and Gupta, G.N.. 1982. Effect of post emergence cultivation on weed growth, nutrient uptake and yield of pearlmillet. Annals of Arid Zone 21(4):241257.
6.Gupta, J. P., and Gupta, O.K.. 1986. Effect of tillage and mulching on soil environment and cowpea seedling growth under arid conditions. Soil and Tillage Research 7:233240.
7.Gupta, G. K., and Gupta, J.P.. 1988. Influence of water harvesting and soil moisture on downy mildew incidence in pearlmillet. Annals of Arid Zone 27(3, 4):277280.
8.Gupta, J. P., and Sharma, S.K.. 1991. Agroforestry approaches and conservation strategies for minimizing risks in rainfed agriculture in arid Rajasthan. Abstracts of the International Conference on Extension Strategy for Minimizing Risks in Rainfed Agriculture, New Delhi, India, 04 6–9, 1991.
9.Kathju, S., Aggarwal, R.K., and Lahiri, A.N.. 1987. Evaluation of diverse effects of phosphate application on legumes of arid areas. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad) 64:9196.

Keywords

Integrated resource management for sustained crop production in arid regions of India

  • J. P. Gupta (a1) and R. K. Aggarwal (a1)

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