Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Economic and environmental considerations for nitrogen management in the mid-Atlantic coastal plain

  • Patricia E. Norris (a1) and Leonard A. Shabman (a2)

Abstract

A case study in eastern Virginia provides evidence that both environmental and farm profit goals may be satisfied by alternative nitrogen (N) management strategies for grain production. We used a linear programming framework with an N mass balance model to calculate returns from several options for providing N to crops. Replacing single applications of inorganic N fertilizer with split applications or with additions of organic N were found to reduce the potential for N loss from cropland and to increase net returns. For some N management strategiesy however, adoption may require financial and educational assistance. As a result, water quality policies may benefit by including such incentives.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1.Alley, M.M., Brann, D.E., Baethgen, W.E., Hawkins, G.W., Harrison, R.L., and Donahue, S.J.. 1987. Nitrogen recommendations for efficient wheat production. Pub. 424–026. Virginia Cooperative Extension Service, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg.
2.Allison, F.E. 1965. Evaluation of incoming and outgoing processes that affect soil nitrogen. In Bartholomew, W.V. and Clark, F.E. (eds). Soil Nitrogen. Agronomy Monograph 10. Amer. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 578606.
3.Ankerman, D., and Large, R.. 1987. Soil and Plant Analysis. A and L Agricultural Laboratories, Inc., Richmond, Virginia.
4.Barry, P.J. 1980. Capital asset pricing and farm real estate. Amer. J. Agric. Economics 62:549553.
5.Bartholomew, W.V. 1965. Mineralization and immobilization of nitrogen in the decomposition of plant and animal residues. In Bartholomew, W.V. and Clark, F.E. (eds). Soil Nitrogen. Agronomy Monograph 10. Amer. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 287302.
6.Bosch, D.J., and Napit, K.B.. 1992. Economics of transporting poultry litter to achieve more effective use as fertilizer. J. Soil and Water Conservation 47:342346.
7.Brady, N.C. 1974. The Nature and Property of Soils. MacMillan Publishing Co., New York, N.Y.
8.Carter, J.N., Jenson, M.E., and Bosma, S.M.. 1974. Determining nitrogen fertilization needs for sugarbeets from residual soil nitrate and mineralizable nitrogen. Agronomy J. 66:319323.
9.Dabbert, S., and Madden, P.. 1986. The transition to organic agriculture: A multi-year simulation model of a Pennsylvania farm. Amer. J. Alternative Agric. 1:99107.
10.Dillman, D.A. 1978. Mail and Telephone Surveys: The Total Design Method. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, N.Y.
11.Dobbs, T.L., Leddy, M.G., and Smolik, J.D.. 1988. Factors influencing the economic potential for alternative farming systems: Case analyses in South Dakota. Amer. J. Alternative Agric. 3:2634.
12.Donahue, S.J., Harrison, R.L., and Hawkins, G.W. (eds). 1984. A Handbook of Agronomy. Pub. 424–100. Virginia Cooperative Extension Service, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg, and Virginia State Univ., Petersburg.
13.Fox, R.H., and Piekielek, W.P.. 1988. Fertilizer equivalence of alfalfa, birdsfoot trefoil, and red clover for succeeding corn crops. J. Production Agric. 1:313317.
14.Fried, M., Tanji, K.K., and Van De Pol, R.M.. 1976. Simplified long term concept for evaluating leaching of nitrogen from agricultural land. J. Environmental Quality 5:197200.
15.Gilbertson, C.B. 1979. Animal Waste Utilization on Cropland and Pastureland: A Manual for Evaluating Agronomic and Environmental Effects. Utilization Research Report No. 6. Science and Education Administration, U.S. Dept. of Agric., Washington, D.C.
16.Givens, F.B. 1987. Animal waste utilization. In Agricultural Nutrient Management Resource Notebook. Dept. of Agric. Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg.
17.Goldstein, W.A., and Young, D.L.. 1987. An agronomic and economic comparison of a conventional and a low-input cropping system in the Palouse. Amer. J. Alternative Agric. 2:5156.
18.Gravelle, W.D., Alley, M.M., Brann, D.E., and Joseph, K.D.S.M.. 1988. Split spring nitrogen application effects on yield, lodging and nutrient uptake of soft red winter wheat. J. Production Agric. 1:249256.
19.Hargrove, W.L. 1986. Winter legumes as a nitrogen source for no-till grain sorghum. Agronomy J. 78:7074.
20.Harrington, W., Krupnick, A.J., and Peskin, H.M.. 1985. Policies for nonpoint source water pollution control. J. Soil and Water Conservation 40:2732.
21.Helmers, G.A., Langemeier, M.R., and Atwood, J.. 1986. An economic analysis of alternative cropping systems for east-central Nebraska. Amer. J. Alternative Agric. 1:153158.
22.Keeney, D.R. 1982. Nitrogen management for maximum efficiency and minimum pollution. In Stevenson, F.J. (ed). Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils. Agronomy Monograph 22. Amer. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 605641.
23.Keeney, D.R. 1983. Transformations and transport of nitrogen. In Schaller, F.W. and Bailey, G.W. (eds). Agricultural Management and Water Quality. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames. pp. 4864.
24.Keeney, D.R. 1986. Nitrate in ground water - agricultural contribution and control. In Agricultural Impacts on Groundwater. Proceedings of a Conference.National Well Water Association,Omaha, Nebraska, pp. 329–351.
25.Klausner, S., and Bouldin, D.. 1985. Managing Animal Manure as a Resource. Part 1: Basic Principles. New York State Cooperative Extension, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, N.Y.
26.Kneese, A.V., Ayres, R.U., and D'Arge, R.C.. 1970. Economics and the Environment: A Materials Balance Approach. John Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
27.LaRue, T.A., and Patterson, T.G.. 1981. How much nitrogen do legumes fix? Advances in Agronomy 34:1538.
28.Legg, J.O., and Meisenger, J.J.. 1982. Soil nitrogen budgets. In F.J. Stevenson (ed). Nitrogen in Agricultural Soils. Agronomy Monograph 22. Amer. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 503566.
29.Leonard, R.A., Knisel, W.G., and Still, D.A.. 1987. GLEAMS: Groundwater loading effects of agricultural management systems. Transactions of the ASAE 30:14031418.
30.Nutman, P.S. 1965. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation. In Bartholomew, W.V. and Clark, F.E. (eds). Soil Nitrogen. Agronomy Monograph 10. Amer. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 363379.
31.Onken, A.B., Matheson, R.L., and Desmith, D.M.. 1985. Fertilizer nitrogen and residual nitrate-nitrogen effects on irrigated corn yield. Soil Sci. Soc. America J. 49:134139.
32.Papendick, R.I., Elliott, L.F., and Power, J.F.. 1987. Alternative production systems to reduce nitrates in ground water. Amer. J. Alternative Agric. 2:1924.
33.Paris, Q. 1990. An Economic Interpretation of Linear Programming. Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames.
34.Segarra, E., Ethridge, D.E., Deussen, C.R., and Onken, A.B.. 1988. Optimal decision rules of nitrogen utilization for cotton production in the southern high plains of Texas. Pub. No. T-1-268. College of Agric. Sciences, Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock.
35.Stauber, M.S., Burt, O.R., and Linse, F.. 1975. An economic evaluation of nitrogen fertilization of grasses when carry-over is significant. Amer. J. Agric. Economics 57:463471.
36.Tisdale, S.L., and Nelson, W.L.. 1966. Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. MacMillan Publishing Co., New York, N.Y.
37.Virginia Division of Soil and Water Conservation. 1988. Virginia Nonpoint Source Pollution Assessment Report. Virginia Dept. of Conservation and Historic Resources, Richmond.
38.Voss, R.D., and Shrader, W.D.. 1984. Rotation effects and legume sources of nitrogen for corn. In Bezdicek, D.F. (ed). Organic Farming. Special Pub. No. 46. Amer. Soc. Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, pp. 6169.
39.Williams, J.R., Jones, C.A., and Dyke, P.T.. 1984. A modeling approach to determine the relation between erosion and soil productivity. Transactions of the ASAE 27:129144.

Keywords

Economic and environmental considerations for nitrogen management in the mid-Atlantic coastal plain

  • Patricia E. Norris (a1) and Leonard A. Shabman (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed