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A Large Pre-Columbian Copper Bell from the Southwest

  • Emil W. Haury (a1)

Extract

Pre-Columbian copper in the ruins of the Southwest occurs chiefly in the form of bells, numerous examples of which have been illustrated in the literature. Generally these are of the “hawk's” or “sleigh” bell type, characterized by a spherical or pear-shaped resonator, free clapper, and an eyelet for suspension. In diameter they range from about 10 to 40 millimeters and, on the whole, are devoid of any ornamental features. Exceptions to this, of course, have been found,’ notably a few small bells with “wire work,” the effigy bell noted by Fewkes, and the large Delgar Ruin bell described by Hough. Since the larger examples are apt to display complicated technical and ornamental treatments, more can be done with these than with the small bells by way of pinning down their origins to centers where the metallurgist's art flourished.

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Ekholm, G. F. 1942. “Excavations at Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico.” Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 38, Pt. 2. New York.
Fewkes, J. W. 1904. “Two Summers’ Work in Pueblo Ruins.” Annual Report oj the Bureau of American Ethnology, No. 22, Pt. 1, pp. 3195. Washington.
Gladwin, H. S.; Haury, E. W.; Sayles, E. B.; and Gladwest, N. 1937. “Excavations at Snaketown: Material Culture.” Medallion Papers, No. 25. Globe.
Hough, W. 1914. “The Culture of the Ancient Pueblos of the Upper Gila River Region, New Mexico and Arizona.” Bulletin, United States National Museum, No. 87. Washington.
Kelly, I. 1945. “Excavations at Culiacán, Sinaloa.” Ibero-Americana, No. 25. Berkeley.
Mcleod, B. H. 1937. “An Examination of the Structures of Copper Bells.” In Gladwin, H. S.; Haury, E. W.; Sayles, E. B.; and Gladwin, N., “Excavations at Snaketown: Material Culture.” Medallion Papers, No. 25. Globe.
Mcleod, B. H. 1945. “Examination of Copper Objects from Culiacán.“ In Kelly, I., “Excavations at Culiacán, Sinaloa.” Ibero-Americana, No. 25. Berkeley.
Withers, A. C. 1946. Copper in the Prehistoric Southwest. Master's Thesis, University of Arizona. Tucson.

A Large Pre-Columbian Copper Bell from the Southwest

  • Emil W. Haury (a1)

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