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Gendered Citation Practices in American Antiquity and Other Archaeology Journals

  • Scott R. Hutson (a1)

Abstract

Citation is one of many practices affected by the sociopolitics of archaeology. Examination of citation practices in American Antiquity, the Journal of Field Archaeology, Ancient Mesoamerica, and Southeastern Archaeology yields mixed results with regard to equity issues for women. In American Antiquity, the Journal of Field Archaeology, and Ancient Mesoamerica, men cite women at rates that are statistically similar to the rates at which women cite women. Historical data show that this has not always been the case for American Antiquity. In Southeastern Archaeology, men cite women significantly less than women cite women. Despite statistical parity between the sexes in three of the four journals, both men and women in American Antiquity and Ancient Mesoamerica cite women less than expected given the rate at which women publish. Such under-referencing of women might imply a devaluation of women's archaeological labor. This paper also examines other factors besides the gender of the citing author that might affect the rate of citation to women.

Résumé

El cómo se hace referenda a publicaciones de otros arqueólogos es una de las muchas actividades afectadas por la politica arqueológica. Investigaciones de referencias en American Antiquity, el Journal of Field Archaology, Ancient Mesoamerica y Southeastern Archaeology arrojan resultados mixtos alrededor del tema de igualdad para mujeres. En American Antiquity, el Journal of Field Archaeology, y Ancient Mesoamerica, los hombres citan a mujeres en cantidades estadísticamente iguales al nivel en que las mujeres citan a mujeres. Datos históricos muestran que eso no siempre ha sido el caso para American Antiquity. En Southeastern Archaeology, los hombres citan a mujeres significamente menos que las mujeres citan a mujeres. A pesar de la paridad entre los sexos en tres de las cuatro revistas, autores de ambos sexos en American Antiquity y Ancient Mesoamerica, citan a mujeres menos de lo que se espera dada la proporcion en que publican las mujeres. Tal nivel bajo de citas a mujeres implica que el trabajo de las mujeres está menospreciado. Este estudio tambien examina fadores ademds del genero del autor que pueden afedar a la cantidad de citas a mujeres.

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References

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Gendered Citation Practices in American Antiquity and Other Archaeology Journals

  • Scott R. Hutson (a1)

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