Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Faunal Remains from the Lehner Mammoth Site*

  • John F. Lance (a1)

Abstract

The Lehner site fauna includes at least nine individuals of Mammuthus columbi and one each of Equus, Bison, and Tapirus. Mammoth material consists chiefly of jaws and teeth and shows a great range of individual variation. The tapir is represented by one of the largest fossil tapir jaws described from North America. The accumulation is considered to represent several kills over a period of several months. Climate at the time of the Lehner hunts was probably more humid than at present, but not tropical. The radiocarbon date of about 11,000 B.P. is considered reasonable. New genera reported from other early man faunas are Neotoma from the Ventana complex and Bison from the Naco site.

Copyright

Footnotes

Hide All
*

Gratitude is expressed to Philip Hershkovitz, Chicago Natural History Museum, for the loan of comparative material. Preparation of the fossils for study was made possible by facilities provided with a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to the Geochronology Laboratories of the University of Arizona.

Footnotes

References

Hide All

References

Antevs, Ernst 1952 Arroyo-Cutting and Filling. Journal of Geology, Vol. 60, pp. 375–85. Chicago.
Antevs, Ernst 1953 Geochronology of the Deglacial and Neothermal Ages. Journal of Geology, Vol. 61, pp. 195230. Chicago. Lake City.
Antevs, Ernst 1955 Geologic-Climatic Dating in the West. American Antiquity, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 317–35. Salt Lake City.
Aveleyra Arroyo De Anda, Luís 1955 El Segundo Mamut Fosil de Santa Isabel Iztapan, México, y Artefactos Asociados. Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Dirección de Prehistoria, Publicaciones 1. Mexico.
Bartlett, J. R. 1854 Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, Connected with the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, During the Years 1850, ‘51, ‘52, and ‘53. D. Appleton and Co., New York.
Bieber, R. P. and Bender, A. B. (Editors) 1938 Cooke's Journal of the March of the Mormon Battalion, 1846-1847. In Southwest Historical Series, Vol. 7 (Exploring Southwestern Trails 1846-54), pp. 63-240. Arthur H. Clark Co., Glendale.
Bolton, H. E. 1948 Kino's Historical Memoir of Pimeria Alta. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Bryan, Kirk 1925 Date of Channel Trenching (Arroyo Cutting) in the Arid Southwest. Science, Vol. 62, No. 1607, pp. 338–44. New York.
Bryan, Kirk 1926 The San Pedro Valley, Arizona, and the Geographic Cycle. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 37, pp. 169-70. New York.
Byers, D. S. 1954 Bull Brook — A Fluted Point Site in Ipswich, Massachusetts. American Antiquity, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 343–51. Salt Lake City.
Byers, D. S. 1959 Radiocarbon Dates from the Bull Brook Site. American Antiquity, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 427–9. Salt Lake City.
Campbell, E. W. C. and Campbell, W. H. 1940 A Folsom Complex in the Great Basin. Master key, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 7–11. Los Angeles.
Campbell, E. W. C., Campbell, W. H., Antevs, Ernst, Amsden, C. A., Barbieri, J. A., and Bode, F. D. 1937 The Archeology of Pleistocene Lake Mohave. Southwest Museum Papers, No. 11. Los Angeles.
K. H., Clisby and sears, P. B. 1956 San Augustin Plains — Pleistocene Climatic Changes. Science, Vol. 124, No. 3221, pp. 537–8. , Washington.
Colbert, E. H. 1950 The Fossil Vertebrates. In The Stratigraphy and Archaeology of Ventana Cave, by Haury, E. W., pp. 126–48. University of Arizona Press and University of New Mexico Press, Tucson and Albuquerque.
Cooke, P. St. George 1848 Report of Lieutenant Colonel P. St. George Cooke of His March from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to San Diego, Upper California. 30th Congress, 1st Session, House Executive Document 41, pp. 549-62. Washington.
Crook, W. W. and Harris, R. K. 1958 A Pleistocene Campsite Near Lewisville, Texas. American Antiquity, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 233–46. Salt Lake City.
J. M., Cruxent and Rouse, Irving 1956 A Lithic Industry of Paleo-Indian Type in Venezuela. American Antiquity, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 172–9. Salt Lake City.
Daugherty, R. D. 1956 Early Man in the Columbia Intermontane Province. University of Utah, Department of Anthropology, Anthropological Papers, No. 24. Salt Lake City.
Deraniyagala, P. E. P. 1955 Some Extinct Elephants, Their Relatives, and the Two Living Species. Ceylon National Museums Publication, Colombo.
Dice, L. R. 1943 The Biotic Provinces of North America. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Dillon, L. S. 1956 Wisconsin Climate and Life Zones in North America. Science, Vol. 123, No. 3188, pp. 167–76. Washington.
Di Peso, C. C. 1953a Clovis Fluted Points from Southwestern Arizona. American Antiquity, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 82–5. Salt Lake City.
Di Peso, C. C. 1953b The Sobaipuri Indians of the Upper San Pedro River Valley, Southeastern Arizona. The Amerind Foundation, No. 6. Dragoon.
Eardley, A. J., Gvosdestsky, Vasyl, and Marsell, R. E. 1957 Hydrology of Lake Bonneville and Sediments and Soils of Its Basin. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 68, pp. 1141–201. New York.
Emiliani, Cesare 1957 Temperature and Age Analysis of Deep-Sea Cores. Science, Vol. 125, No. 3244, pp. 383–7. Washington.
Ericson, D. B., Broecker, W. C., Kulp, J. L., and Wollin, Goesta 1956 Late-Pleistocene Climates and Deep-Sea Sediments. Science, Vol. 124, No. 3218, pp. 385–9. Washington.
Figgins, J. D. 1931 An Additional Discovery of the Association of a “Folsom” Artifact and Fossil Mammal Remains. Proceedings of the Colorado Museum of Natural History, Vol. 10, No. 2. Denver.
Figgins, J. D 1933 A Further Contribution to the Antiquity of Man in America. Proceedings of the Colorado Museum of Natural History, Vol. 12, No. 2. Denver.
Frick, C. 1921 Extinct Vertebrate Faunas of the Badlands of Bautista Creek and San Timoteo Cañ on, Southern California. University of California Publications, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin, Vol. 12, pp. 277–124. Berkeley.
Gidley, J. W. 1925 Fossil Proboscidea and Edentata of the San Pedro Valley, Arizona. U. S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 140-B, pp. 83-94. Washington.
Haury, E. W. 1950 The Stratigraphy and Archaeology of Ventana Cave, Arizona. University of Arizona Press and University of New Mexico Press, Tucson and Albuquerque.
Haury, E. W. 1958a Post-Pleistocene Human Occupation of the Southwest. In “Climate and Man in the Southwest,” edited by Smiley, T. L., pp. 6975. University of Arizona Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 4. Tucson.
Haury, E. W. 1958b Two Fossil Elephant Kill Sites in the American Southwest. Proceedings of the Thirty-Second International Congress of Americanists, [Copenhagen, 1956], pp. 433–40. Munksgaard, Copenhagen.
Haury, E. W., Antevs, Ernst, and Lance, J. F. 1953 Artifacts with Mammoth Remains, Naco, Arizona. American Antiquity, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1–24. Salt Lake City.
Howard, E. B. 1935 Evidence of Early Man in North America — Based on Geological and Archaeological Work in New Mexico. Museum Journal, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, Vol. 24, Nos. 2-3, pp. 55–171. Philadelphia.
Humphrey, R. R. 1958 The Desert Grassland: A History of Vegetational Change and an Analysis of Causes. Botanical Review, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 193252. New Haven.
Hutton, N. H. 1859 El Paso and Fort Yuma Wagon Road. 35th Congress, 2nd Session, House Executive Document 108, pp. 77–100. Washington.
Iversen, Johannes 1953 Radiocarbon Dating of the Allerñ d Period. Science, Vol. 118, No. 3053, pp. 911. Washington.
Jakway, G. E. 1958 Pleistocene Lagomorpha and Rodentia From the San Josecito Cave, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, Vol. 61, pp. 313–27. Lawrence.
Janmart, Jean 1952 Elephant Hunting as Practised by the Congo Pygmies. American Anthropologist, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 146–7. Menasha.
Jelinek, A. J. 1957 Pleistocene Faunas and Early Man. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Vol. 42, pp. 225–37. Ann Arbor.
Jennings, J. D. 1957 Danger Cave. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 14. Salt Lake City.
Jennings, J. D. (Editor) 1956 The American Southwest: A Problem in Cultural Isolation. In “Seminars in Archaeology:1955,” edited by Robert Wauchope, pp. 59-127. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No. 11. Salt Lake City.
Jennings, J. D. and Norbeck, Edward 1955 Great Basin Prehistory: A Review. American Antiquity, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 1–11. Salt Lake City.
Karns, H. J. 1954 Unknown Arizona and Sonora, 1693-1721. Arizona Silhouettes, Tucson.
Krieger, A. D. 1953 New World Culture History: Anglo-America. In Anthropology Today: An Encyclopedic Inventory, edited by Kroeber, A. L., pp. 238–64. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Libby, W. F. 1955 Radiocarbon Dating, 2nd edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Lindsay, A. J. Jr. 1958 Fossil Pollen and Its Bearing on the Archaeology of the Lehner Mammoth Site. MS, masters thesis, University of Arizona. Tucson.
Lull, R. S. 1931 The Evolution of the Elephants and Mastodons. Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, Special Guide, No. 2. New Haven.
Martin, P. S. 1958 Pleistocene Ecology and Biogeography of North America. In “Zoogeography,” edited by C. L. Hubbs, pp. 375-420. American Association for the Advancement of Science, Symposium Volume, No. 51. Washington.
Martínez Del Río, Pablo 1952 El Mamut de Santa Isabel Iztapan. Cuadernos Americanos, Vol. 64, No. 4, pp. 324. Mexico.
Mason, R. J. 1958 Late Pleistocene Geochronology and the Paleo-Indian Penetration into Lower Michigan Peninsula. Anthropological Papers, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, No. 11. Ann Arbor.
Movius, H. L. Jr. 1950 A Wooden Spear of Third Interglacial Age from Lower Saxony. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 139–12. Albuquerque.
Murdock, G. P. 1934 Our Primitive Contemporaries. Macmillan, New York.
Nichol, A. A. 1952 The Natural Vegetation of Arizona, revised by W. S. Phillips. University of Arizona, Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin, No. 127. Tucson.
Osborn, H. F. 1942 Proboscidea, Volume 2, Stegodontoidea, Elephantoidea. American Museum Press, New York.
Parke, J. G. 1857 Report of Explorations for Railroad Routes. 33rd Congress, 2nd Session, Senate Executive Document 78 (Pacific Railroad Reports), Vol. 7. Washington.
Parry, C. C. 1854 [General Geological Features of the Country.] In “Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey,” edited by Emory, W. H.. 34th Congress, 1st Session, Senate Executive Document 108, Vol. 1, Pt. 2, Chap. 1, pp. 123. Washington.
Potzger, J. E. and Tharp, B. C. 1947 Pollen Profile from a Texas Bog. Ecology, Vol. 28, pp. 274–81. Lancaster.
Ritchie, W. A. 1957 Traces of Early Man in the Northeast. New York State Museum and Science Service, Bulletin, No. 358. University of the State of New York, Albany.
Sayles, E. B. and Antevs, Ernst 1941 The Cochise Culture. Medallion Papers, No. 29. Gila Pueblo, Globe.
Schulman, Edmund 1956 Dendroclimatic Changes in Semiarid America. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.
Schumm, S. A. and R. F., Hadley 1957 Arroyos and the Semiarid Cycle of Erosion. American Journal of Science, Vol. 255, pp. 161–74. New Haven.
Sellards, E. H. 1952 Early Man in America: A Study in Prehistory. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Simpson, G. G. 1945 Notes of Pleistocene and Recent Tapirs. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 86, pp. 3382. New York.
Skinner, M. F. 1942 The Fauna of Papago Springs Cave, Arizona. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol. 53, pp. 143220. New York.
Soday, F. J. 1954 The Quad Site: A Paleo-Indian Village in Northern Alabama. Tennessee Archaeologist, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 120. Knoxville.
Thornthwaite, C. W. 1941 Atlas of Climatic Types in the United States 1900-1939. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publications, No. 421. Washington.
Thornthwaite, C. W. 1948 An Approach Toward a Rational Classification of Climate. Geographical Review, Vol. 38, pp. 5594. New York.
Thwaites, R. G. (Editor) 1905 Pattie's Personal Narrative. In Early Western Travels, 1748-1846, Vol. 18. Arthur H. Clark Co., Cleveland.
Wauoner, J. J. 1952 History of the Cattle Industry in Southern Arizona, 1540-1940. University of Arizona Bulletin, Vol. 23, No. 2, Social Science Bulletin, No. 20. Tucson.
Wasley, W. W. 1957 The Archaeological Survey of the Arizona State Museum. Arizona State Museum, Tucson.
Wendorf, Fred, Krieger, A. D., and Albritton, C. C. 1955 The Midland Discovery. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Willey, G. R. and Phillips, Philip 1955 Method and Theory in American Archeology II: Historical-Developmental Interpretation. American Anthropologist, Vol. 57, No. 4, pp. 723819. Menasha.
Willey, G. R. and Phillips, Philip 1958 Method and Theory in American Archaeology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Wise, E. N. and Shutler, Dick Jr. 1958 University of Arizona Radiocarbon Dates. Science, Vol. 127, No. 3289, pp. 72–3. Washington.
Witthoft, John 1952 A Paleo-Indian Site in Eastern Pennsylvania: An Early Hunting Culture. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 96, No. 4, pp. 464–95. Philadelphia.
Wormington, H. M. 1957 Ancient Man in North America, 4th edition. Denver Museum of Natural History, Popular Series, No. 4. Denver.
Wyllys, R. K. 1931 Padre Luis Velarde's Relación of Pimería Alta, 1716. New Mexico Historical Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 111–57. Santa Fe.

Faunal Remains from the Lehner Mammoth Site*

  • John F. Lance (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed